DENT 1180

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DENT 1180

  1. 1. Metropolitan Community College COURSE OUTLINE FORM (Page 1 of 6) Course Title: NUTRITION AND PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY      Course Prefix & No.: LEC: LAB: Credit Hours:       DEA-125 3      0 3 COURSE DESCRIPTION: This course includes the basic study of diet and nutrition, its relationship to oral health with emphasis on dietary counseling and philosophy of preventive dentistry, personal oral hygiene, and systematic and topical fluorides.       COURSE PREREQUISITE (S): Successful completion of DEA-100 and DEA-105. RATIONALE: Define basic terms related to diet and nutrition. List the basic food groups in the food pyramid and the daily amounts required. Explain the functions, sources, and deficiencies related to each of the six required nutrients. Describe the effects which diet and nutrition may have on the teeth and oral cavity. Describe the most popular toothbrushing rechniques. Describe the use and function of dental floss. Explain the benefits of fluoride. Demonstrate on a typodont the methods of thoothbrushing and flossing. Demonstrate the ability to advise and educate a patient in proper oral health care. REQUIRED TEXTBOOK (S) and/or MATERIALS: Title: Delmar’s Dental Assisting: A Comprehensive Approach       Edition:      Current Edition Author:      Phinney/Halstead Publisher:       Delmar Materials:       Attached course outline written by: Karen Finley       Date: August, 2004       Reviewed/Revised by:    Fall 2004   Date: August , 2004      Effective quarter of course outline:       Date:       Academic Dean: Michele O’Connor       Date:       ESO Revised 3-13-01
  2. 2. Metropolitan Community College COURSE OUTLINE FORM (Page 2 of 6) MODULE 1 PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY MODULES OBJECTIVES: Upon completion of this module, the dental assisting student will be able to: 1. Describe the four most popular toothbrushing techniques. 2. Demonstrate on a typodont the methods of toothbrushing. 3. Describe the use and function of dental floss. 4. Demonstrate flossing techniques on a typodont. 5. Explain the importance of a plaque control program. 6. Explain the benefits of fluoride. 7. Describe the methods of fluoride application. 8. Demonstrate the ability to advise and educate a patient in proper oral health care. MODULE 1 PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY UNIT 1 PLAQUE CONTROL Unit Objectives: Upon completion of this unit, the student will be able to: 1. Define dental plaque. 2. Describe how plaque forms and affects the tooth and surrounding tissues. 3. Identify motivation tips for oral hygiene for each age group. 4. Discuss the importance of a home care program. 5. List and describe the most commonly used disclosing agents. 6. Describe the use and composition of dentifrice. 7. Discuss mouth rinses and chewing gum. 8. Describe various interdental aids and explain how they are used. 9. Discuss the function of a water irrigator. ESO Revised 3-13-01
  3. 3. Metropolitan Community College COURSE OUTLINE FORM (Page 3 of 6) UNIT 2 BRUSHING AND FLOSSING TECHNIQUES Unit Objectives: Upon completion of this unit, the student will be able to: 1. Discuss the use of manual and automatic toothbrushes. 2. Describe the brushing techniques for manual toothbrushes. 3. Describe and demonstrate the five toothbrushing techniques. 4. Discuss tongue brushing. 5. Identify types of dental floss and demonstrate flossing technique. 6. Describe the hygienic care of prosthetic devices. 7. Discuss the importance of oral hygiene for patients with special needs. UNIT 3 FLUORIDES Unit Objectives Upon completion of this unit, the student will be able to: 1. Describe fluoride and its use in dentistry. 2. Describe fluoridation and describe its effectiveness on tooth development and the post eruption stage. 3. Describe the dangers associated with fluoride ingestion. 4. Discuss the benefits of fluoride. 5. List and explain the forms of fluoride used in dentistry. 6. List the various agents used and the advantages and disadvantages of topical fluoride preparations. 7. Describe the use of fluoride rinses. 8. Describe how to prepare a patient for fluoride application. 9. Demonstrate the procedure for a topical application. ESO Revised 3-13-01
  4. 4. Metropolitan Community College COURSE OUTLINE FORM (Page 4 of 6) MODULE 2 NUTRITION Module Objectives: Upon completion of this module, the Dental Assisting student will be able to: 1. Define basic terms related to diet and nutrition. 2. List the basic food groups in the food pyramid and daily amounts required. 3. Explain the functions, sources and deficiencies related to each of the six required nutrients. 4. Explain the difference between fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins. 5. Describe the effects which diet and nutrition may have on the teeth and oral cavity. 6. Explain how eating habits are formed. 7. Describe the process of dietary evaluation. Unit 1 Food Pyramid and Carbohydrates Unit Objectives: Upon completion of this unit, the student will be able to: 1. Define the following: a. nutrition b. diet c. adequate diet d. undernourished e. malnutrition 2. Define the term nutrients and describe the role they play in maintaining health. 3. Explain how the Food Guide Pyramid is used as an aid in selecting a healthy diet. 4. List the sources of carbohydrates. 5. Describe the function of carbohydrates. 6. Differentiate between complex and refined carbohydrates and name sources for each. 7. Describe carcinogenic foods and list some examples. 8. Explain why dietary analysis is helpful for patients. 9. Explain the functions of dietary fiber. 10. List the sources of dietary fiber and the recommended amount needed in the diet. ESO Revised 3-13-01
  5. 5. Metropolitan Community College COURSE OUTLINE FORM (Page 5 of 6) Unit 2 Proteins and Fats Unit Objectives: Upon completion of this unit, the student will be able to: 1. Explain the function of fats and lipids and their sources. 2. Explain the functions which proteins provide for the body. 3. List the major sources of protein. 4. Differentiate between complete and incomplete proteins. 5. Differentiate between essential and nonessential amino acids. 6. Define the term Calorie as it is commonly used. 7. State the amount of calories per gram of carbohydrate, protein, fat and alcohol. 8. Discuss the role of metabolism in maintaining the health of the body. Unit 3 Vitamins, Minerals and Water Unit Objectives: Upon completion of this unit, the student will be able to: 1. Describe the function of vitamins in human nutrition. 2. Differentiate between fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins. 3. List the vitamins found in each group. 4. Identify essential vitamins by stating their major role or function, sources, and deficiency signs. 5. Describe the function of minerals in human nutrition. 6. Describe the functions, sources, signs of deficiency of the major minerals. 7. Describe the major functions and sources of water. Unit 4 Nutrition Labels Unit Objectives: Upon completion of this unit, the student will be able to: 1. Identify the agencies that regulate food labeling requirements. 2. State the information required on food labels regarding carbohydrates. 3. Describe how fats are listed on a food label. 4. Discuss factors that influence food choices. 5. Perform a manual dietary analysis from a diet diary. ESO Revised 3-13-01
  6. 6. Metropolitan Community College COURSE OUTLINE FORM (Page 6 of 6) LAB EXERCISE: 1. Collect at least 15 labels from different products and bring to class. 2. Using the forms provided record information for a 5-day diet diary. COURSE REQUIREMENTS/EVALUATION: COURSE OBJECTIVES/ASSESSMENT MEASURES COURSE OBJECTIVES ASSESSMENT MEASURES 1. Define basic terms related to diet and nutrition. 1. Unit quiz             2. List the basic food groups in the food pyramid and 2. Unit quiz the daily amounts required.             3. Explain the functions, sources, and deficiencies 3. Unit quiz related to each of the six required nutrients.       4. Describe the effects which diet and nutrition may 4. Unit quiz have on the teeth and oral cavity.       5. Describe the most popular toothbrushing technique. 5. Unit quiz and Lab exercise 6. Describe the use and function of dental floss. 6. Unit quiz and Lab Exercise 7. Explain the benefits of fluoride 7. Unit quiz 8. Demonstrate on a typodont the methods of 8. Lab Exercise and Community Outreach Project toothbrushing and flossing. 9. Demonstrate the ability to advise and educate a 9. Lab Exercise and Community Outreach Project patient in proper oral health care. ESO Revised 3-13-01

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