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Caries and Obesity
Caries and Obesity
Caries and Obesity
Caries and Obesity
Caries and Obesity
Caries and Obesity
Caries and Obesity
Caries and Obesity
Caries and Obesity
Caries and Obesity
Caries and Obesity
Caries and Obesity
Caries and Obesity
Caries and Obesity
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Caries and Obesity

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  • 1. Aguida C. Atkinson, M.D. Nemours Pediatrics Email: [email_address] September 23, 2009 The Link Between Oral Health, Nutrition & Childhood Obesity
  • 2. Is there a relationship between childhood obesity & dental caries?
  • 3. Center for Disease Control & Prevention, 2007 www.cdc.gov
  • 4. Prevalence of Obesity in U.S. Preschool Children from Low-income Families
  • 5. Prevalence Dental Caries Center for Disease Control & Prevention, 2007 www.cdc.gov
  • 6. Center for Disease Control & Prevention, 2007 www.cdc.gov Prevalence Dental Caries
  • 7. Most prevalent infectious disease in U.S. children I’m gonna get you! Give me that sugar! “ Streptococci Mutans” The Cavity Creator
  • 8. vulnerable tooth lack of flouride protection streptococci mutans poor oral hygiene poor nutrition habits CAVITY
  • 9. Research LOCATION STUDY AGES FINDINGS Finland Tuomi, 1989 +/- Germany Willershausen, 2004 6-11 + U.S. Dye, 2004 2-5 N/A U.S. Hillgers, 2006 8-11 + Brazil Kantovitz, 2006 +/- U.S. Kopycka-Kedzierawski, 2007 2-18 +/- Brazil Granville-Garcia, 2008 1-5 - U.S. Hong, 2008 2-6 +/-
  • 10. Research suggests… <ul><li>“ Neither obesity increases risk of caries nor caries increases the risk for obesity, but rather a common risk factor increased the likelihood of both diseases” </li></ul><ul><li>Marshall, et al* </li></ul>*as seen in Hong, 2008
  • 11. Common Risk Factors in Childhood Obesity & Dental Caries
  • 12. AAP Recommendations for Prevention
  • 13. The End
  • 14. References: <ul><li>Hale, K. et al (2008). Preventative Oral Health Intervention for Pediatricians. Pediatrics , 122(6), 1387-1394. </li></ul><ul><li>Hong, L. et al (2008). Obesity and Dental Caries in Children Aged 2-6 Years in the United States: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002. American Association of Public Health Dentistry , 68(4), 227-233. </li></ul><ul><li>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (2009). Obesity Prevalence Among Low-income, Preschool-Aged Children – United States, 1998-2008. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , 58(28), 769-773. </li></ul><ul><li>Ogden, C. et al (1997). Prevalence of Overweight Among Preschool Children in the United States, 1971 Through 1994. Pedriatrics , 99(4): http://www.pediatrics.org/cgi/content/full/99/4/el . </li></ul><ul><li>Tuomi, T. (1989). Pilot Study on obesity in caries prediction. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology , 17(6), 289-291. </li></ul><ul><li>Willershausen, B. et al (2004). Relationship between High Weight and Caries Frequency in German Elementary School Children. European Journal of Medical Research , 9(8), 400-404. </li></ul><ul><li>Hillgers, K., et al. (2006). Association between Childhood Obesity and Smooth-surface Caries in Posterior Teeth: A Preliminary Study. Pediatric Dentistry , 28(1), 23-28. </li></ul><ul><li>Kantovitz, K. (2006). Obesity and Dental Caries – A Systematic Review. Oral Health and Preventative Dentistry , 4(2) , 137-144. </li></ul><ul><li>Kopycka-Kedzierawski, D., et al. (2008). Caries status and overweight in 2-to-18 year-old Us children: findings from national surveys. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology , 36, 157-167. </li></ul><ul><li>Granville-Garcia, A. (2008). Obesity and Dental Caries among Preschool Children in Brazil. Revista de Salud Pública , 10(5), 788-795. </li></ul><ul><li>King, N. et al. (2003). Caries Prevalence and Distribution, and Oral Health Habits of Zero-to-Four Year-Old children in Macau, China. Journal of Dentistry for Children , 70(3), 243-249. </li></ul><ul><li>Peressini, S., et al. (2004). Prevalance of early childhood caries among First Nations children, Distrcit of Manitoulin, Ontario. International Journal of Pediatric Dentistry , 14, 101-110. </li></ul><ul><li>Dubois, L. et al. (2007). Problem eating behaviors related to social factors and body weight in preschool children: A lognitudinal study. International Jounral of Behaviroal Nutrition and Physical Activity , 4(9): http://www.ijbnpa.org/content/4/1/9 . </li></ul><ul><li>Dye, B. et al. (2004). The relationship between healthful eating practices and dental caries in children aged 2-5 years in the United States, 1988-1994. American Dental Association , 135, 55-66. </li></ul>

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