Fire protection is mitigating the unwanted effects of fires. In structures,be they land-based, offshore or even ships, the owners and operators areresponsible to maintain their facilities in accordance with a design-basis thatis rooted in laws, including the local building code and fire code. Buildingsmust be constructed in accordance with the version of the building code thatis in effect when an application for a building permit is made.A building code, is a set of rules that specifythe minimum acceptable level of safety forconstructed objects such as buildings andnon-building structures.Specification is an explicit set ofrequirements to be satisfied by a material,product, or service.Building Construction Requirements, at a minimum will address thefollowing elements: • Construction type, allowable height, and area • Exposures/separation requirements • Fire ratings, materials, and systems • Occupancy types • Interior finish • Exit stairway enclosureEgress Requirements: • Exit stairway remoteness • Exit discharge • Areas of refuge • Accessible exits • Door locking arrangements (security interface)Fire Detection and Notification System Requirements: • Detection • Notification • Survivability of systems
Fire Suppression Requirements: • Water supply • Type of automatic fire extinguishing system o Water-based fire extinguishing system o Non-water-based fire extinguishing system • Standpipes and fire department hose outletsEmergency Power, Lighting, and Exit Signage: • Survivability of systems • Electrical Safety • Distributed Energy ResourcesSpecial Fire Protection Requirements: • Engineered smoke control systems • Fireproofing and firestopping • Atrium spaces • Mission critical facility needsGoals • Continuity of operations • Property protection • Life safetySecure / SafeThe design and construction of secure and safe buildings continues to be theprimary goal for owners, architects, engineers, and project managers. Thedesign of buildings for security and safety requires a proactive approach thatanticipates—and then protects—the building occupants, resources, structure,and continuity of operations from multiple hazards. There are times whendesign requirements addressing all the various threats will pose conflicts inarriving at acceptable design and construction solutions.Model building codes require passive fire protection and active fireprotection systems to minimize damage resulting from a fire. The mostcommon form of active fire protection is fire sprinklers. To maximizepassive fire protection of buildings, building materials and furnishings.
Passive Fire Protection (PFP) in a building can be described as a group ofsystems within systems. An installed Firestops achieve a fire rating bycombining certain materials in an arrangement specific to the item (e.g.,pipe, cable) penetrating the fire rated wall or floor, and the constructionarrangement of the fire rated wall or floor itself. • fire-resistance rated walls • Firewalls not only have a rating, they are also designed to sub-divide buildings such that if collapse occurs on one side, this will not affect the other side. They can also be used to eliminate the need for sprinklers, as a trade-off. • Fire-resistant glass glass using multi-layer intumescent technology or wire mesh embedded within the glass may be used in the fabrication of fire-resistance rated windows in walls or fire doors. • fire-resistance rated floors • occupancy separations (barriers designated as occupancy separations are intended to segregate parts of buildings, where different uses are on each side; for instance, apartments on one side and stores on the other side of the occupancy separation). • closures (fire dampers) Sometimes firestops are treated in building codes identically to closures. where, for instance a 2 hour closure is acceptable for use in a 3 hour fire separation, so long as the fire separation is not an occupancy separation or firewall. The lowered rating is then referred to as a fire protection rating, both for firestops, unless they contain plastic pipes and regular closures. • firestops • grease ducts (These refer to ducts that lead from commercial cooking equipment such as ranges, deep fryers and double-decker and conveyor-equipped pizza ovens to grease duct fans.) • cable coating (application of fire-retardants, which are either endothermic or intumescent, to reduce flamespread and smoke development of combustible cable-jacketing) • spray fireproofing (application of intumescent or endothermic paints, or fibrous or cementitious plasters to keep substrates such as structural steel, electrical or mechanical services, valves, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) vessels, vessel skirts, bulkheads or decks below either 140 °C for electrical items or ca. 500 °C for structural steel elements to maintain operability of the item to be protected) • fireproofing cladding (boards used for the same purpose and in the same applications as spray fireproofing) Materials for such cladding
include perlite, vermiculite, calcium silicate, gypsum, intumescent epoxy, Durasteel (cellulose-fibre reinforced concrete and punched sheet-metal bonded composite panels), MicroTherm • enclosures (boxes or wraps made of fireproofing materials, including fire-resistive wraps and tapes to protect speciality valves and other items deemed to require protection against fire and heat—an analogy for this would be a safe) or the provision of circuit integrity measures to keep electrical cables operational during an accidental fire.We are conducting fire protection site survey for your specific DESIGN andINSTALLATIONWe are glad to assist you for your concerns…Telefax No. 369-3594Cellphone No. 0906-254-1141 / 0932-566-0474Email add: firstname.lastname@example.org