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Philippine “Santos”
A Heritage of Saints
Dennis Raymond P. Maturan
What Is A“SANTO”?
• The word “santo” is
derived from Spanish
which means saint or
holy.
• In Philippine-hispanic
art, it m...
What Is A “Santo”?
• Philippine “santos” are
usually done in the
round which means
they are free standing
three-dimensiona...
What Is A “Santo”?
• Philippine “santos”
may also be Bas Relief
or High Relief
sculptures known as
“relieves” referring to...
What Is A “Santo”?
• Philippines “santos”
may also be painted on
wooden panels, glass,
cloth or canvass which
are called c...
Foreign Influences on
Philippine “Santos”
• Chinese –
Buddhist/Kuan Yin
• Indian – Buddhist
• Mexican
• Flemish
• Spanish
Carving Forms and Styles
1) Colonial or “Primitive”
Style:
• Folk Art
• Elongated/Abstract/Short
ened
• Non-proportioned
•...
Carving Forms And Styles
2) De Bulto:
• Free-standing piece
• In the Round
• Three-Dimensional
• Primitive
• Classical
• B...
Carving Styles and Forms
3) De Gonce or De
Gozne:
• “Hinged”
• Carved clad in shorts
or chemise
• To be garbed in real
clo...
Carving Styles and Forms
4) De Bastidor:
• Head and hands are
carved in ivory or wood.
• Attached to light
wooden sticks o...
Carving Styles and Forms
5) Tallada or Detalyado:
• Carved in the round.
• Vestments are carved in
detail.
• In the baroqu...
• Wood – baticulin, santol,
molave, kamagong
• Ivory
• Stone, alabaster, marble
• Papier Mache
• Terracotta/Pasta Madera
•...
Materials and Finishing
• Natural finish
• Monochromatic
• Stain
• Polychroming with or
without gesso
• Estofado
• Varnish...
“Santo” Accessories
1) Metal Accessories:
• Tres Potencias/Potencia
Aureola
• Aureola/Diadema
• Rostrillo
• Medialuna/Resp...
“Santo” Accessories
2) Vestments:
• Verdugado
• Saya
• Tapa-pecho
• Sobresaya
• Manto
• Recamado
• Inuod
• Calado
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Transcript of "Philippine Santos presentation"

  1. 1. Philippine “Santos” A Heritage of Saints Dennis Raymond P. Maturan
  2. 2. What Is A“SANTO”? • The word “santo” is derived from Spanish which means saint or holy. • In Philippine-hispanic art, it means an iconographic representation of Jesus, the Virgin and the Saints for artistic and devotional purposes.
  3. 3. What Is A “Santo”? • Philippine “santos” are usually done in the round which means they are free standing three-dimensional sculptures called “de bulto” hence the Filipino word “rebulto”.
  4. 4. What Is A “Santo”? • Philippine “santos” may also be Bas Relief or High Relief sculptures known as “relieves” referring to images which are carved on a panel, slightly raised form a flat background or highly raised making them almost three- dimensional.
  5. 5. What Is A “Santo”? • Philippines “santos” may also be painted on wooden panels, glass, cloth or canvass which are called cuadros or printed on paper or cloth called estampas.
  6. 6. Foreign Influences on Philippine “Santos” • Chinese – Buddhist/Kuan Yin • Indian – Buddhist • Mexican • Flemish • Spanish
  7. 7. Carving Forms and Styles 1) Colonial or “Primitive” Style: • Folk Art • Elongated/Abstract/Short ened • Non-proportioned • Bright colors • Grotesque
  8. 8. Carving Forms And Styles 2) De Bulto: • Free-standing piece • In the Round • Three-Dimensional • Primitive • Classical • Baroque
  9. 9. Carving Styles and Forms 3) De Gonce or De Gozne: • “Hinged” • Carved clad in shorts or chemise • To be garbed in real clothes • Mannequin style • Quita y Pone
  10. 10. Carving Styles and Forms 4) De Bastidor: • Head and hands are carved in ivory or wood. • Attached to light wooden sticks or frame. • Pyramidally or conically shaped. • Petticoat • Meant to be vested.
  11. 11. Carving Styles and Forms 5) Tallada or Detalyado: • Carved in the round. • Vestments are carved in detail. • In the baroque style if intricately carved with exaggerations in movements, posture and vestments. • In the classical style if carved with natural posture and natural vestments flow.
  12. 12. • Wood – baticulin, santol, molave, kamagong • Ivory • Stone, alabaster, marble • Papier Mache • Terracotta/Pasta Madera • Silver and Bronze • Wax Materials and Finishing
  13. 13. Materials and Finishing • Natural finish • Monochromatic • Stain • Polychroming with or without gesso • Estofado • Varnished • Wood finish • Gilding (gold leafing)
  14. 14. “Santo” Accessories 1) Metal Accessories: • Tres Potencias/Potencia Aureola • Aureola/Diadema • Rostrillo • Medialuna/Resplandor • 12/24 Estrellas • Ramage • Corona • Setro/Globo
  15. 15. “Santo” Accessories 2) Vestments: • Verdugado • Saya • Tapa-pecho • Sobresaya • Manto • Recamado • Inuod • Calado
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