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Philippine Santos presentation

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  • 1. Philippine “Santos” A Heritage of Saints Dennis Raymond P. Maturan
  • 2. What Is A“SANTO”? • The word “santo” is derived from Spanish which means saint or holy. • In Philippine-hispanic art, it means an iconographic representation of Jesus, the Virgin and the Saints for artistic and devotional purposes.
  • 3. What Is A “Santo”? • Philippine “santos” are usually done in the round which means they are free standing three-dimensional sculptures called “de bulto” hence the Filipino word “rebulto”.
  • 4. What Is A “Santo”? • Philippine “santos” may also be Bas Relief or High Relief sculptures known as “relieves” referring to images which are carved on a panel, slightly raised form a flat background or highly raised making them almost three- dimensional.
  • 5. What Is A “Santo”? • Philippines “santos” may also be painted on wooden panels, glass, cloth or canvass which are called cuadros or printed on paper or cloth called estampas.
  • 6. Foreign Influences on Philippine “Santos” • Chinese – Buddhist/Kuan Yin • Indian – Buddhist • Mexican • Flemish • Spanish
  • 7. Carving Forms and Styles 1) Colonial or “Primitive” Style: • Folk Art • Elongated/Abstract/Short ened • Non-proportioned • Bright colors • Grotesque
  • 8. Carving Forms And Styles 2) De Bulto: • Free-standing piece • In the Round • Three-Dimensional • Primitive • Classical • Baroque
  • 9. Carving Styles and Forms 3) De Gonce or De Gozne: • “Hinged” • Carved clad in shorts or chemise • To be garbed in real clothes • Mannequin style • Quita y Pone
  • 10. Carving Styles and Forms 4) De Bastidor: • Head and hands are carved in ivory or wood. • Attached to light wooden sticks or frame. • Pyramidally or conically shaped. • Petticoat • Meant to be vested.
  • 11. Carving Styles and Forms 5) Tallada or Detalyado: • Carved in the round. • Vestments are carved in detail. • In the baroque style if intricately carved with exaggerations in movements, posture and vestments. • In the classical style if carved with natural posture and natural vestments flow.
  • 12. • Wood – baticulin, santol, molave, kamagong • Ivory • Stone, alabaster, marble • Papier Mache • Terracotta/Pasta Madera • Silver and Bronze • Wax Materials and Finishing
  • 13. Materials and Finishing • Natural finish • Monochromatic • Stain • Polychroming with or without gesso • Estofado • Varnished • Wood finish • Gilding (gold leafing)
  • 14. “Santo” Accessories 1) Metal Accessories: • Tres Potencias/Potencia Aureola • Aureola/Diadema • Rostrillo • Medialuna/Resplandor • 12/24 Estrellas • Ramage • Corona • Setro/Globo
  • 15. “Santo” Accessories 2) Vestments: • Verdugado • Saya • Tapa-pecho • Sobresaya • Manto • Recamado • Inuod • Calado

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