InteractiveInteractive
ConstitutionConstitution
Worksheet:Worksheet:
Preamble/Article IPreamble/Article I
The Constitution: A helpful analogy
 Articles of
Confederation = Parent
with out of control kids.
Chaos/bickering/no
cont...
The PreambleThe Preamble
““We the people, in orderWe the people, in order
to form a more perfectto form a more perfect
uni...
The Preamble (Introduction)The Preamble (Introduction)
 ““We the people?”We the people?”
Significance? Not “weSignificanc...
Article I: The Legislative BranchArticle I: The Legislative Branch
 Explicit power of thisExplicit power of this
branch?b...
Article I: The Legislative BranchArticle I: The Legislative Branch
 Laundry list here of powers.Laundry list here of powe...
House of Representatives IHouse of Representatives I

How are membersHow are members
chosenchosen? Direct election? Direc...
House of Representatives II
 QualificationsQualifications: (1): (1)
25 years old; (2) 725 years old; (2) 7
year citizen o...
House of Representatives IIIHouse of Representatives III

How is the number of representativesHow is the number of repres...
House of Representatives IVHouse of Representatives IV
 What is the title of theWhat is the title of the
leader of the Ho...
House of Representatives V
 Members of the House from areaMembers of the House from area
::
 Randy HultgrenRandy Hultgre...
The SenateThe Senate
 Second houseSecond house? To slow down? To slow down
legislation, check excessivelegislation, check...
The Senate IIThe Senate II
 Number of senatorsNumber of senators
determineddetermined? 2 per state,? 2 per state,
no matt...
The Senate IIIThe Senate III
 Term?Term? Six yearsSix years. Why longer?. Why longer?
More distinguished body, moreMore d...
• Leader of the Senate?
The Vice President.
• VP doesn’t vote. . .unless
there is a tie.
• “President pro
tempore”? In cha...
The Senate VThe Senate V
 Current “presidentCurrent “president
of the Senate”?of the Senate”? VPVP
Joe Biden.Joe Biden.
...
The Senate VIThe Senate VI
 Illinois’Illinois’
currentcurrent
senators:senators:
1.1. Dick DurbinDick Durbin
(Started 199...
Section 4-7 (Both houses)Section 4-7 (Both houses)
 Congress supposed to startCongress supposed to start
sessions?session...
Section 7 continuedSection 7 continued
Section 7 on passage of bills:Section 7 on passage of bills:
 Must passMust pass b...
Section 8: Powers of CongressSection 8: Powers of Congress
1.1. Lay taxesLay taxes to pay debts,to pay debts,
provide for ...
Section 8: Powers of CongressSection 8: Powers of Congress
5.5. Coin moneyCoin money, regulate its, regulate its
value, et...
Section 8: Powers of CongressSection 8: Powers of Congress
9.9. To deal withTo deal with piratespirates, those who, those ...
Section 8: Powers of CongressSection 8: Powers of Congress
What is the difference between theWhat is the difference betwee...
Section 8: Powers of CongressSection 8: Powers of Congress
14.14. ExerciseExercise
exclusive controlexclusive control
over...
More on Section 8More on Section 8
What is the “greatest source ofWhat is the “greatest source of
federal power” (accordin...
More on Section 8More on Section 8
What is the “Necessary andWhat is the “Necessary and
Proper” clause?Proper” clause?
 A...
Can’t suspend “Can’t suspend “writ of habeas corpuswrit of habeas corpus.”.”
 Means “having the body.”Means “having the b...
Section 9: Limits on powerSection 9: Limits on power
Can’t pass “bills of attainder” and “ex postCan’t pass “bills of atta...
Section 10: State limitsSection 10: State limits
• Limits from the firstLimits from the first
paragraphparagraph: (1): (1)...
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6 preamble and article i 2013

  1. 1. InteractiveInteractive ConstitutionConstitution Worksheet:Worksheet: Preamble/Article IPreamble/Article I
  2. 2. The Constitution: A helpful analogy  Articles of Confederation = Parent with out of control kids. Chaos/bickering/no control.  Constitution = Parents picking up the belt and laying down the law.  Look at Preamble next: see the seeds of this.  Resource.
  3. 3. The PreambleThe Preamble ““We the people, in orderWe the people, in order to form a more perfectto form a more perfect union, establish justice,union, establish justice, insure domesticinsure domestic tranquility, provide fortranquility, provide for the common defense,the common defense, promote the generalpromote the general welfare, secure thewelfare, secure the blessings of liberty, toblessings of liberty, to ourselves and to ourourselves and to our posterity do ordain andposterity do ordain and establish thisestablish this constitution for theconstitution for the United States ofUnited States of America.”America.”
  4. 4. The Preamble (Introduction)The Preamble (Introduction)  ““We the people?”We the people?” Significance? Not “weSignificance? Not “we the states”. . .powerthe states”. . .power comes from the people.comes from the people.  ““A more perfectA more perfect union”?union”? More perfectMore perfect than the Articles ofthan the Articles of Confederation.Confederation.  Ratified byRatified by statestate conventionsconventions, not, not legislators. Not alegislators. Not a confederation. . .aconfederation. . .a constitution.constitution.
  5. 5. Article I: The Legislative BranchArticle I: The Legislative Branch  Explicit power of thisExplicit power of this branch?branch? To make the laws.To make the laws.  Framers expectedFramers expected Congress to overshadowCongress to overshadow other branches (only oneother branches (only one that existed beforethat existed before Constitution), so it’sConstitution), so it’s veryvery specific about what theirspecific about what their duties and limits areduties and limits are..  Also part of the reasonAlso part of the reason this is Article I. “Hadthis is Article I. “Had Congress before, so here’sCongress before, so here’s how it’s different.”how it’s different.”
  6. 6. Article I: The Legislative BranchArticle I: The Legislative Branch  Laundry list here of powers.Laundry list here of powers. Also allows Congress to make allAlso allows Congress to make all laws “laws “necessary and propernecessary and proper”” for carrying out its powers. .for carrying out its powers. . .very broad grant of power here.very broad grant of power here (this ain’t the Articles of(this ain’t the Articles of Confederation, brother. . .)Confederation, brother. . .)  Made up of the (1)Made up of the (1) House ofHouse of RepresentativesRepresentatives (for the(for the average people), and (2) theaverage people), and (2) the SenateSenate (more slow, deliberative(more slow, deliberative body, represents the upperbody, represents the upper classes).classes).
  7. 7. House of Representatives IHouse of Representatives I  How are membersHow are members chosenchosen? Direct election? Direct election by people.by people.  TermTerm? 2 years.? 2 years.  Why not more yearsWhy not more years?? Keeps them close toKeeps them close to people, accountable.people, accountable.  Why not lessWhy not less? One? One year would make themyear would make them constantly run for office,constantly run for office, especially with travelespecially with travel back then.back then.
  8. 8. House of Representatives II  QualificationsQualifications: (1): (1) 25 years old; (2) 725 years old; (2) 7 year citizen of USA;year citizen of USA; (3) Inhabitant of(3) Inhabitant of the state theythe state they represent.represent.  Why 25?Why 25? KeptKept positions awaypositions away from favorite sons,from favorite sons, following in daddy’sfollowing in daddy’s footsteps.footsteps.
  9. 9. House of Representatives IIIHouse of Representatives III  How is the number of representativesHow is the number of representatives per state determined?per state determined? Population (fromPopulation (from the VA plan, right?). Census done every tenthe VA plan, right?). Census done every ten years for this.years for this.  What about slaves?What about slaves? Compromise. . .notCompromise. . .not a full person, or not a person at all. . .buta full person, or not a person at all. . .but 3/5 of a person. Gives South more3/5 of a person. Gives South more representatives.representatives.  Constitution says every state should haveConstitution says every state should have one rep for everyone rep for every 30,00030,000 citizens.citizens.  No more. . .would mean 9400 reps inNo more. . .would mean 9400 reps in 2000 (yikes).2000 (yikes).  Current number isCurrent number is capped at 435capped at 435..
  10. 10. House of Representatives IVHouse of Representatives IV  What is the title of theWhat is the title of the leader of the House?leader of the House? TheThe Speaker of the House.Speaker of the House.  Current Speaker of theCurrent Speaker of the House?House? John Boehner (OH).John Boehner (OH). Started 1/5/11.Started 1/5/11.  In impeachmentsIn impeachments (removal of a government(removal of a government officer), House brings theofficer), House brings the charges (“impeachment”),charges (“impeachment”), the Senate are the trialthe Senate are the trial court (make the decisioncourt (make the decision about guilt or innocence).about guilt or innocence).
  11. 11. House of Representatives V  Members of the House from areaMembers of the House from area ::  Randy HultgrenRandy Hultgren (14(14thth ).).  Peter Roskam (6Peter Roskam (6thth ).).  Adam KinzingerAdam Kinzinger (16(16thth ).).  Tammy DuckworthTammy Duckworth (8(8thth ).).
  12. 12. The SenateThe Senate  Second houseSecond house? To slow down? To slow down legislation, check excessivelegislation, check excessive government power.government power.  ““The use of the Senate," wroteThe use of the Senate," wrote James Madison in Notes ofJames Madison in Notes of Debates in the Federal ConventionDebates in the Federal Convention of 1787, "is to consist in itsof 1787, "is to consist in its proceedings withproceedings with more coolness,more coolness, with more system and withwith more system and with more wisdommore wisdom, than the popular, than the popular branch."branch."  Mythological story: Washington:Mythological story: Washington: “Why do you pour that tea into“Why do you pour that tea into your saucer?” Jefferson: “To coolyour saucer?” Jefferson: “To cool it.” “Even so,” said Washington,it.” “Even so,” said Washington, “we pour legislation into the“we pour legislation into the senatorial saucer to cool it.”senatorial saucer to cool it.”
  13. 13. The Senate IIThe Senate II  Number of senatorsNumber of senators determineddetermined? 2 per state,? 2 per state, no matter what theno matter what the population (NJ plan, right?).population (NJ plan, right?).  Chosen originally by___Chosen originally by___?? State legislatures.State legislatures.  NowNow? Direct election like? Direct election like the House of Reps.the House of Reps.  Amendment thatAmendment that changed this?changed this? 1717th,th, 1913.1913.  Why done?Why done? To avoidTo avoid corruption; candidatescorruption; candidates picked by politicalpicked by political machines, backed bymachines, backed by wealthy. Was known as thewealthy. Was known as the “millionaire’s club.”“millionaire’s club.”
  14. 14. The Senate IIIThe Senate III  Term?Term? Six yearsSix years. Why longer?. Why longer? More distinguished body, moreMore distinguished body, more deliberation, time to become policydeliberation, time to become policy experts.experts.  Elections rotated. . .why?Elections rotated. . .why? SoSo there isn’t complete turnover inthere isn’t complete turnover in Senate. Stability.Senate. Stability.  QualificationsQualifications? (1) 30 years? (1) 30 years old; (2) 9 year citizen of USA; (3)old; (2) 9 year citizen of USA; (3) Inhabitant of state you represent.Inhabitant of state you represent.  Why moreWhy more? More experienced? More experienced body.body.  Current number of SenatorsCurrent number of Senators?? 100100
  15. 15. • Leader of the Senate? The Vice President. • VP doesn’t vote. . .unless there is a tie. • “President pro tempore”? In charge when the VP isn’t there. • Actual leader of the Senate? Senate majority leader (also a minority leader). • In impeachments, again, Senate are the trial court. Decide guilt or innocence. The Senate IVThe Senate IV
  16. 16. The Senate VThe Senate V  Current “presidentCurrent “president of the Senate”?of the Senate”? VPVP Joe Biden.Joe Biden.  Current presidentCurrent president pro tempore?pro tempore? PatrickPatrick Leahy, VT.Leahy, VT.  Current majorityCurrent majority leader of Senate?leader of Senate? Harry Reid, NV.Harry Reid, NV.  Current minorityCurrent minority leader of the Senate?leader of the Senate? Mitch McConnell, KY.Mitch McConnell, KY.
  17. 17. The Senate VIThe Senate VI  Illinois’Illinois’ currentcurrent senators:senators: 1.1. Dick DurbinDick Durbin (Started 1997)(Started 1997) 2.2. Mark KirkMark Kirk (started 2011)(started 2011)
  18. 18. Section 4-7 (Both houses)Section 4-7 (Both houses)  Congress supposed to startCongress supposed to start sessions?sessions? 11stst Monday in December.Monday in December.  Why done?Why done? King of England used toKing of England used to call Parliament at whim. . .enough ofcall Parliament at whim. . .enough of this crud.this crud.  Start sessions now?Start sessions now? Jan 3. 20Jan 3. 20thth Amendment changed this in 1933.Amendment changed this in 1933.  RemovalRemoval: Expulsion for “disorderly: Expulsion for “disorderly behavior.” 2/3 vote.behavior.” 2/3 vote.  Revenue billsRevenue bills. . .supposed to originate. . .supposed to originate in House of Reps.in House of Reps.  Doesn’t mean much. . .why?Doesn’t mean much. . .why? SenateSenate can amend bills, still has to approve.can amend bills, still has to approve.
  19. 19. Section 7 continuedSection 7 continued Section 7 on passage of bills:Section 7 on passage of bills:  Must passMust pass both housesboth houses..  IntroducedIntroduced by groups,by groups, individuals.individuals.  CommitteesCommittees in each housein each house consider bills. May let them die.consider bills. May let them die.  Conference committeesConference committees fixfix any differences betweenany differences between House/Senate bills.House/Senate bills.  PresidentPresident has power to vetohas power to veto (say no).(say no).  Defeat this?Defeat this? 2/3 vote to2/3 vote to override.override.
  20. 20. Section 8: Powers of CongressSection 8: Powers of Congress 1.1. Lay taxesLay taxes to pay debts,to pay debts, provide for commonprovide for common defense, general welfaredefense, general welfare of USA.of USA. 2.2. Borrow moneyBorrow money onon credit of the USA.credit of the USA. 3.3. Regulate commerceRegulate commerce with foreign nations,with foreign nations, among states.among states. 4.4. Establish uniform rule ofEstablish uniform rule of naturalizationsnaturalizations, law of, law of bankruptciesbankruptcies..
  21. 21. Section 8: Powers of CongressSection 8: Powers of Congress 5.5. Coin moneyCoin money, regulate its, regulate its value, etc. Fix standard ofvalue, etc. Fix standard of weights and measures.weights and measures. Punish counterfeiters.Punish counterfeiters. 6.6. Establish postEstablish post officesoffices/postal roads./postal roads. 7.7. Promote discovery,Promote discovery, creativity throughcreativity through patentspatents and copyrightsand copyrights (intellectual property).(intellectual property). 8.8. MakeMake courtscourts inferior to theinferior to the Supreme Court (Const. onlySupreme Court (Const. only mentions USSC).mentions USSC).
  22. 22. Section 8: Powers of CongressSection 8: Powers of Congress 9.9. To deal withTo deal with piratespirates, those who, those who commit international crimes.commit international crimes. 10.10. Declare war,Declare war, grant letters ofgrant letters of marque and reprisal (licensemarque and reprisal (license allowing private ships toallowing private ships to attack/capture enemy vessels,attack/capture enemy vessels, bring them to cts for later sale),bring them to cts for later sale), and make rules concerningand make rules concerning Captures on land/water.Captures on land/water. 11.11. Raise and support armiesRaise and support armies, the, the navy (Articles had no standing USnavy (Articles had no standing US army).army). 12.12. Make rules for regulation of army,Make rules for regulation of army, navy (function under a separatenavy (function under a separate system of law).system of law). 13.13. Call forth theCall forth the MilitiaMilitia, set rules for, set rules for them.them.
  23. 23. Section 8: Powers of CongressSection 8: Powers of Congress What is the difference between theWhat is the difference between the army/ navy and the militias?army/ navy and the militias?  Army/navyArmy/navy refers to the national forces.refers to the national forces. MilitiasMilitias: Part time soldiers, organized by: Part time soldiers, organized by states.states.  Colonists were wary of a national,Colonists were wary of a national, standing, professional army: More likely tostanding, professional army: More likely to fire on citizens.fire on citizens.  Under Articles, only states could raiseUnder Articles, only states could raise armies; this is a big change.armies; this is a big change.  Even militias are under federal control; notEven militias are under federal control; not called out by local governments any more.called out by local governments any more. Power move…anti-federalists not happyPower move…anti-federalists not happy here.here.
  24. 24. Section 8: Powers of CongressSection 8: Powers of Congress 14.14. ExerciseExercise exclusive controlexclusive control over theover the creation of thecreation of the District ofDistrict of Columbia.Columbia. 15.15. Make all lawsMake all laws “necessary and“necessary and proper” forproper” for carrying outcarrying out these powers.these powers.
  25. 25. More on Section 8More on Section 8 What is the “greatest source ofWhat is the “greatest source of federal power” (according to Lindafederal power” (according to Linda Monk)?Monk)?  Commerce clauseCommerce clause. Could not. Could not regulate commerce under the Articles.regulate commerce under the Articles.  Notice it’s not “trade.” Commerce aNotice it’s not “trade.” Commerce a much bigger term. Includesmuch bigger term. Includes transportation, business, even civiltransportation, business, even civil rights.rights.  Has been used to write gun controlHas been used to write gun control legislation, laws allowing women to suelegislation, laws allowing women to sue over gender based violence. . .USSCover gender based violence. . .USSC struck these down.struck these down.
  26. 26. More on Section 8More on Section 8 What is the “Necessary andWhat is the “Necessary and Proper” clause?Proper” clause?  Another big source of power.Another big source of power. Articles were very specific on whatArticles were very specific on what Congress could do.Congress could do.  This clause allows for a bit ofThis clause allows for a bit of elasticityelasticity; source of many implied; source of many implied powers.powers.  Argument of what this means.Argument of what this means. Hamilton wanted broad; JeffersonHamilton wanted broad; Jefferson wanted narrow.wanted narrow.
  27. 27. Can’t suspend “Can’t suspend “writ of habeas corpuswrit of habeas corpus.”.”  Means “having the body.”Means “having the body.”  Filed by prisoner; officer has to explain whyFiled by prisoner; officer has to explain why prisoner is being held.prisoner is being held.  Protection against arbitrary arrest.Protection against arbitrary arrest. Section 9: Limits on powerSection 9: Limits on power
  28. 28. Section 9: Limits on powerSection 9: Limits on power Can’t pass “bills of attainder” and “ex postCan’t pass “bills of attainder” and “ex post facto” laws.facto” laws.  Bill of attainderBill of attainder: Punishes person by act of: Punishes person by act of legislation without a trial.legislation without a trial.  Ex post facto lawsEx post facto laws: Make an action criminal: Make an action criminal after it is committed or retroactively to increase theafter it is committed or retroactively to increase the penalty.penalty.  Last in section 9: Can’t grantLast in section 9: Can’t grant titles of nobilitytitles of nobility.. Insures democratic nature of republic.Insures democratic nature of republic.  Also can’t acceptAlso can’t accept giftsgifts from foreign govts withfrom foreign govts with Congress’s permission. No bribery.Congress’s permission. No bribery.
  29. 29. Section 10: State limitsSection 10: State limits • Limits from the firstLimits from the first paragraphparagraph: (1): (1) Conduct foreignConduct foreign affairs, (2) coinaffairs, (2) coin money, (3) issue exmoney, (3) issue ex post facto laws, (4)post facto laws, (4) pass bills of attainder,pass bills of attainder, (5) grant titles of(5) grant titles of nobility.nobility. • From paragraphFrom paragraph twotwo:: CongressCongress hashas the ultimate authoritythe ultimate authority over trade.over trade.

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