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11 article iv to amendments review
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11 article iv to amendments review Presentation Transcript

  • 1. REVIEW: ARTICLE IV THROUGHTHE AMENDMENTS
  • 2. Question 1: Article IV deals with relations between: •The federal government and the states •The federal government and foreign powers •The branches of the federal government •The states Answer: The states
  • 3. Question 2: The Supremacy Clause, which states that the Constitution is the supreme law of the United States, is found in which article of the Constitution? •Article I •Article III •Article VI •Article VII Answer: Article VI
  • 4. Question 3: To amend the Constitution, what ratio of the states (either their legislatures or conventions) have to approve the amendment? •½ •3/5 •¾ •4/5 •All of them Answer: 3/4
  • 5. Question 4: To ratify the Constitution, how many of the original 13 states had to approve the document? •5 •7 •9 •11 •All 13 Answer: Nine
  • 6. Question 5: True or False: At first, the Bill of Rights applied, not only to the federal government, but also to the state governments as well. •True •False Answer: False
  • 7. Question 6: The First Amendment guarantees all of the following EXCEPT: •Freedom of speech •Freedom to confront witnesses against you in a criminal trial •Freedom of assembly •Freedom of the press •Freedom of petition Answer: Confront witnesses (6th A)
  • 8. Question 7: True or False: The free exercise clause of the First Amendment prevents the US government from establishing an official US religion: •True •False Answer: False (the Establishment Clause does)
  • 9. Question 8: Where is the right to bear arms in the Bill of Rights? •First Amendment •Second Amendment •Third Amendment •Fourth Amendment •Fifth Amendment Answer: Second Amendment
  • 10. Question 9: The Third Amendment bans what practice? •Quartering of troops •Trying people twice for the same crime •Holding people without charges •Cruel and unusual punishments •Unreasonable searches and seizures Answer: Quartering of troops
  • 11. Question 10: The Fifth Amendment has many rights of people accused of crimes. Which of the following is NOT one of the rights listed in this amendment? •The right not to be forced to testify against yourself •The right to be indicted by a grand jury •No cruel and unusual punishments •The right not to be tried twice for the same crime Answer: Cruel and unusual punishments (8A)
  • 12. Question 11: If a person is tried for a crime and found not guilty, he/she can’t be tried again for the same crime. This is called: •Establishment •Double jeopardy •Self-incrimination •Due process Answer: Double jeopardy
  • 13. Question 12: The Fourth Amendment bans what practice? •Quartering of troops •Trying people twice for the same crime •Holding people without charges •Cruel and unusual punishments •Unreasonable searches and seizures Answer: Unreasonable searches/seizures
  • 14. Question 13: A person accused of a crime doesn’t have to testify against him/herself. When they do this, they plead the ______ Amendment. •First •Third •Fifth •Ninth Answer: Fifth
  • 15. Question 14: If the government wishes to prosecute someone for a crime, it must follow established rules and procedures before it can punish someone. This is the right to: •Establishment •Double jeopardy •Self incrimination •Due process Answer: Due process
  • 16. Question 15: The Sixth Amendment has many rights of people accused of crimes. Which of the following is NOT one of the rights listed in this amendment? •The right to be free from unreasonable searches and seizures •The right to a speedy trial •The right to a trial by jury •The right to an attorney Answer: Unreasonable searches and seizures
  • 17. Question 16: True or false: Every person accused of a criminal act must be given an attorney (according to one of the amendments in the Bill of Rights). •True •False Answer: True (6A)
  • 18. Question 17: The Eighth Amendment protects criminal suspects from all of the following BUT: •Excessive fines •Cruel and unusual punishments •Slow trials that go on far too long •Excessive bail Answer: Slow trials (6A)
  • 19. Question 18: True or false: The Ninth Amendment says that the list of rights in the Bill of Rights is set; there can be no more rights added at a later time. •True •False Answer: False (The opposite really)
  • 20. Question 19: Which amendment in the Bill of Rights protects the powers of the states, saying that the states retain all powers not listed in the Constitution? •First •Fourth •Eighth •Tenth Answer: Tenth
  • 21. Question 20: Which amendment changed the way presidents and vice presidents are elected. After this amendment, presidents and vice presidents are chosen on separate ballots instead of on the same ballot. •12th •15th •19th •20th Answer: 12th
  • 22. Question 21: If no candidate gets a majority of electoral votes, who gets to choose the president? •The people (there’s a second election) •House of Representatives •Senate •The state legislatures Answer: The House of Reps
  • 23. Question 22: Which of the following amendments abolished slavery? •11th •13th •16th •20th Answer: 13th
  • 24. Question 23: True or False: Abraham Lincoln supported a constitutional amendment that would have forbid Congress from abolishing slavery. •True •False Answer: True
  • 25. Question 24: The Bill of Rights now applies to the states because of the 14th Amendment. The process of using this amendment to apply these rights to the states is called__________________. •Incorporation •Due process •Equal protection •Privileges and immunities Answer: Incorporation
  • 26. Question 25: Part of the 14th Amendment guarantees that people will not be subject to unfair discrimination. The clause where this comes from is the ________________ clause. •Incorporation •Due process •Equal protection •Privileges and immunities Answer: Equal protection
  • 27. Question 26: Which amendment gave voting rights to freed African American slaves? •12th •15th •19th •23rd Answer: 15th
  • 28. Question 27: US Senators are CURRENTLY chosen how? •Direct election by the people •By the president with the approval of the House of Reps. •By the state legislatures •By text messaging your choice to the Senate Chamber Answer: Direct election
  • 29. Question 28: Amendment 18 brought prohibition to the United States. What is prohibition? •The vote for African Americans •The vote for women •The limit on the terms that a president can serve •A ban on alcoholic beverages Answer: Ban on alcohol
  • 30. Question 29: Which amendment gave women the right to vote? •12th •19th •23rd •26th Answer: 19th
  • 31. Question 30: What is the date that the president takes office? •March 4 •July 4 •December 25 •November 20 •January 20 Answer: January 20
  • 32. Question 31: In the presidential line of succession, who is after the vice president? •The president pro tempore •The secretary of state •The speaker of the House •The secretary of defense Answer: Speaker of the House
  • 33. Question 32: Which amendment repealed prohibition? •15th •18th •21st •25th Answer: 21st (21 is the drinking age, right?)
  • 34. Question 33: Amendment 22 limited the terms a president can serve. What are the most years a president can serve as president? •10 •8 •14 •12 Answer: 10
  • 35. Question 34: The 22nd Amendment limited the terms a president can serve. How many full terms can a president serve? •2 •3 •4 •5 Answer: Two
  • 36. Question 35: The 23rd Amendment gave the District of Columbia the right to cast electoral votes in presidential elections. How many electoral votes does DC get? •3 •5 •8 •10 Answer: 3
  • 37. Question 36: Amendment 24 bans taxes that people would have to pay at the ballot box before they could actually vote. These taxes are called: •Ballot taxes •Electoral taxes •Poll taxes •Voter taxes Answer: Poll taxes
  • 38. Question 37: When a president dies in office, the vice president becomes president. How is a new vice president chosen? •Nominated by Congress, approved by the president •Nominated by the president, approved by Congress •Nominated by the president, approved by a popular election •Nominated by Congress, approved by popular election Answer: President nominates, Congress approves
  • 39. Question 38: Which amendment lowered the voting age in the USA? •15th •19th •23rd •26th Answer: 26th
  • 40. Question 39: Currently, what is the voting age in the USA? •18 •20 •21 •25 Answer: 18
  • 41. Question 40: The last amendment, Amendment 27, deals with what issue? •Voting age •Women’s suffrage (voting) •Congressional pay raises •The presidential line of succession Answer: Congressional pay raises
  • 42. Essay question on today’s test:  Explain why the Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution (5 sentences minimum).
  • 43. Answer:  Articles of Confederation: Weak government.  Constitution: Strong! (1) Many new powers, (2) two new branches, (3) supremacy clause.  States feared the federal government would become too powerful.  When asked to ratify the Constitution, some states demanded guarantee of rights, a list of freedoms that the new national government would not touch.
  • 44. Answer:  Some wanted to ratify the document, but then have another convention to look the entire document over.  Madison: No…worked too hard to get the Constitution passed. Still, didn’t want a Bill of Rights (1) Lists limit rights; (2) Didn’t think the federal government was THAT powerful (powers are listed, right…not that bad!).  Gave in to get needed states on board and prevent push for another convention.  Protects citizens from power of FEDERAL (“Congress”…) government (not the states).