Enough words by Rumi Monta Vista High


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  • Enough words by Rumi Monta Vista High

    1. 1. Enough Words By Jalaluddin Rumi
    2. 2. Title: “Enough Words” • The title of the poem, "Enough Words," speaks to our tendency to try to solve things, or to over fix problems. It can be read as almost a command, as though we are being told that we have said too much. That is enough. Also, the simplicity of the statement leads us by example in how we should react: simply. Calmly.
    3. 3. S.O.A.P. • Speaker: A casual person • Occasion: The speaker casually advises his friend to let things go, relax, don't try to fix everything. • Audience: A friend • Paraphrase: Not every problem needs a complicated solution, let alone any solution at all.
    4. 4. Denotation/Connotation • The word "shadow" means a dark shape or ominous presence. It has a very negative connotation and is often used as a metaphor for something that we should try to escape; however, the speaker advices his friend to accept his shadows, allow them to catch up. He uses the negative connotation of the word shadow, but then says that shadows can be a good thing, they help you, they make you who you are. This shows that not everything we think is problematic should be fixed
    5. 5. Paradox • "What hurts you, blesses you./Darkness is your candle./Your boundaries are your quest" (12-14) are all examples of paradoxes. The speaker uses them to show that what we believe to be bad isn't necessarily always the thing that hurts us. In fact, sometimes our problems help us.
    6. 6. Denotation/Connotation • The word “grain” in line 33 means a small dry seed; however it is associated with wholesomeness, beginnings, simplicity. The grain in this case has a very positive connotation. It is something that we should strive for.
    7. 7. Symbol • Similarly, the barley is symbolic of peace. It is simplistic in that "When you put it in the ground it grows." It does not complain about where you put it, instead it ignores or overcomes problems and hardships. It is where the soul wants to reside, where it should reside. The speaker uses the barley as an ideal. We should be like the barley: stoic.
    8. 8. Allegory • Lines 23-31 are an allegory that uses the hunting of a frog by a snake as a representation of humanities tendencies. It shows that when the frog, who is representing us, humanity, tries to leave the water that he is familiar with, or tries to learn to hiss he gets eaten by the snake. This essentially is saying that when we try to find an overcomplicated solution we only make our situation worse, whereas when we leave well enough alone we end up better off, as shown by the fact that when the frog says nothing he survives.
    9. 9. Allusion • There us no allusion in this poem; however there is a reference to a cliche when the speaker says "Don't try to put out fire/ by throwing on more fire" (3-4). This is a a contradiction of the saying "Fight fire with fire." It is used to show that sometimes when we try to fix everything we simply add to the agitation, making the problem worse.
    10. 10. Cacophony/Euphony • In the sentence "When from that tree, feathers and wings sprout/ on you, be quieter than a a dove" (20-21), the words "quieter" and "sprout" us the harsh sound of the "T" to show that the experience could be agitating, or even painful, but the speaker says not to "open your mouth" (22), not to protest. • "Listen and lay your head under the tree of awe" demonstrates euphony because the words flow together. They sound peaceful and sweet because what the sentence, and the poem, are trying to say is that we need to settle down. We get caught up in the problems in the world and try to fix too much, when really what we need to be doing is finding peace, and observing. We need to listen, not talk. We need to
    11. 11. Tone • The tone is relaxed, as shown by the euphony, which serves to illustrate the peace that we should live by.
    12. 12. Metaphor/Irony • "Shall I squeeze more juice from this" (37) is a metaphor because he is not physically straining a lemon, he is talking about forcing more words into this explanation. The act of squeezing is difficult, thus he is saying that he is forcing himself to explain, it is not even an unconscious habit anymore, but instead it takes effort. Perhaps this illustrates how severe our tendencies to explicate and fix are, we do it until it becomes an uncomfortable, unnatural action. • This is metaphor is an example of irony because at the end of the poem the speaker points out that he has been demonstrating dramatic irony throughout the poem because, while the meaning of the poem is to go with the flow and not feel a need to be always explaining always fixing, the entire poem is a winded explanation of why we should do this.
    13. 13. Rhyme/Meter • There is no meter or rhyme. This serves to demonstrate how we should be more fluid. Go with the flow. It would be a contradiction of the message of the poem if it conformed to a ridged set of rhymes and syllables. Instead the poem is much more relaxed, conversational, and natural sounding.
    14. 14. Simile
    15. 15. Personification
    16. 16. Hyperbole
    17. 17. Understatement