Speech and Language Disorders


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Speech and Language Disorders

  1. 1. Students with Speech and Language Disorders Tessa Headrick
  2. 2. What are Speech and Language Disorders? <ul><li>Problems with communication and related areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficulty with sounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems with voice quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hard to understand and use words in context </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Incidence <ul><li>More than one million students have speech or language impairment </li></ul><ul><li>Communication disorders affect one out of ten people </li></ul>
  4. 4. Characteristics <ul><li>The child is noticeably behind other peers with speech and language skills </li></ul><ul><li>Speech disorders refer to difficulties producing speech sounds or with voice quality </li></ul><ul><li>Language disorders: improper use of words, inability to express language, reduced vocabulary </li></ul>
  5. 5. Causes <ul><li>Hearing loss </li></ul><ul><li>Neurological disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Brain injury </li></ul><ul><li>Mental retardation </li></ul><ul><li>Drug abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Physical impairments: cleft lip or palate </li></ul><ul><li>Vocal abuse or misuse </li></ul>
  6. 6. Educational Implications <ul><li>Have children with developmental delays and potentially inhibiting factor fully evaluated </li></ul><ul><li>Speech-language pathologists provide therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Technology: electronic communication systems </li></ul>
  7. 7. How Speech-language pathologists can help <ul><li>Work with the family to develop techniques for success at school and home </li></ul><ul><li>May also assist vocational teachers and counselors in establishing communication goals for future employment </li></ul><ul><li>Help teach proper production of speech sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Help with control of vocal and respiratory systems for correct voice production </li></ul>
  8. 8. Speech Disorders <ul><li>Impairment of the articulation of speech sounds, fluency, and/or voice </li></ul><ul><li>Three types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fluency disorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Articulation disorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voice disorder </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Additional Speech Disorder Characteristics <ul><li>Sounds develop more than a year later than peers </li></ul><ul><li>No friends at school </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with fluency in the flow or rhythm of speech </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulties with arithmetic </li></ul><ul><li>Long pauses when speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Talking too fast for speech to be clear </li></ul>
  10. 10. Language Disorders <ul><li>Improper use of words and their meanings, inability to express ideas, inappropriate grammatical patterns, reduced vocabulary and inability to follow directions </li></ul><ul><li>Two types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Delayed language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aphasia </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Additional Language Disorder Characteristics <ul><li>Inadequate vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty conveying messages or conversing with others </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty expressing personal needs </li></ul><ul><li>Frustration from not being understood </li></ul><ul><li>Trouble reading </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to match sounds to letters </li></ul>
  12. 12. Classroom Management Strategies <ul><li>General considerations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be flexible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be spontaneous with praise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create an atmosphere of acceptance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create situations where the student has to verbalize his/her wants or needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set realistic goals </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Student-Teacher Interaction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask child to verbalize answers instead of writing them down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead class discussions about topics that interest the child </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listen to student, provide a model of good listening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Model good language skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speak clearly and slowly to the student </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Academic Considerations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow extra time to finish assignments and tests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give students credit for effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose activities that motivate student </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deliver info in small chunks to avoid distractions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeat instructions and lessons if necessary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have activities that allow the child to practice what he/she has learned in speech therapy </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Social Skills Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create situations that involve students in small groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have students work with a partner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teach about the importance of making friends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a roundtable discussion center </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>http:// www.quia.com/pages/havemorefun.html </li></ul>
  17. 17. Resources <ul><li>Asha (2007). Asha. Retrieved February 1, 2007, from Speech-Language Disorders and the Speech-Language Pathologist Web site: http://www.asha.org/students/professions/overview/sld.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Boyd, Tracy (2006). Quia. Retrieved February 2, 2007, from I Love Speech and Language Web site: http:// www.quia.com/pages/havemorefun.html </li></ul><ul><li>Giuliani, G., & Pierangelo, R. (2001). What every teacher should know about students with special needs . Champaign, IL: Research Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Healthtouch, (2001). Health touch. Retrieved February 2, 2007, from Recognizing Communication Disorders Web site: http://healthtouch.com </li></ul><ul><li>Nichcy, (2004). Sppech and language impairments. Fact Sheet 11 , 11 , Retrieved February 2, 2007, from http://www.nichcy.org/pubs/factshe/fs11txt.htm </li></ul>
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