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SPED 537 ECSE Methods:Multiple Disabilities Deborah Chen, Ph.D. California State University,Northridge April 17-18, 2006
Auditory Processing Disorder (APD)  <ul><li>Difficulty in interpreting, storing and accessing auditory information in pres...
Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD) <ul><li>Associated with neurological problems </li></ul><ul><li>Viral infectio...
Implications <ul><li>Difficulty recognizing speech sounds  </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty matching sounds to letters </li></...
Interventions <ul><li>Auditory training and phonological awareness </li></ul><ul><li>FM systems </li></ul><ul><li>Classroo...
Auditory Neuropathy <ul><li>Problem in transmission of sound from inner ear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage to inner hair cel...
Auditory Skills <ul><li>Attention </li></ul><ul><li>Localization </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Figure...
Amplification <ul><li>Hearing aids  </li></ul><ul><li>- bone conduction </li></ul><ul><li>- over the ear or behind the ear...
Care of Hearing Aids <ul><li>Information from the audiologist </li></ul><ul><li>Daily check </li></ul><ul><li>Keep hearing...
Daily Hearing Aid Check <ul><li>Clean earmold </li></ul><ul><li>Check batteries  </li></ul><ul><li>Turn hearing aid to “M”...
Introducing Hearing Aids <ul><li>Earmolds should fit well </li></ul><ul><li>Over the ear aids should be secure </li></ul><...
Key Criteria for Cochlear Implant Candidates <ul><li>Severe to profound sensorineural loss </li></ul><ul><li>Little or no ...
Planning the Functional Hearing Assignment <ul><li>Break up into small groups of according to the age of target child </li...
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Transcript of "SPED537_class11_Apr17.ppt"

  1. 1. SPED 537 ECSE Methods:Multiple Disabilities Deborah Chen, Ph.D. California State University,Northridge April 17-18, 2006
  2. 2. Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) <ul><li>Difficulty in interpreting, storing and accessing auditory information in presence of normal hearing </li></ul><ul><li>Common in children with: </li></ul><ul><li>autism spectrum disorders, ADHD, </li></ul><ul><li>learning disabilities, dyslexia, </li></ul><ul><li>range of speech and language disorders </li></ul>
  3. 3. Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD) <ul><li>Associated with neurological problems </li></ul><ul><li>Viral infections </li></ul><ul><li>Hypoxia </li></ul><ul><li>Trauma </li></ul><ul><li>Degenerative disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Often co-exists with other disabilities </li></ul>
  4. 4. Implications <ul><li>Difficulty recognizing speech sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty matching sounds to letters </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehension problems </li></ul><ul><li>Academic difficulties </li></ul>
  5. 5. Interventions <ul><li>Auditory training and phonological awareness </li></ul><ul><li>FM systems </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom modifications </li></ul><ul><li>Clear spoken input </li></ul><ul><li>Preferential seating </li></ul><ul><li>Visual aids </li></ul>
  6. 6. Auditory Neuropathy <ul><li>Problem in transmission of sound from inner ear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage to inner hair cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faulty connections between inner hair cells and auditory nerve </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage to auditory nerve </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May have normal hearing or hearing loss </li></ul>
  7. 7. Auditory Skills <ul><li>Attention </li></ul><ul><li>Localization </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Figure/ground </li></ul><ul><li>Memory </li></ul><ul><li>Sequencing </li></ul><ul><li>Closure </li></ul>
  8. 8. Amplification <ul><li>Hearing aids </li></ul><ul><li>- bone conduction </li></ul><ul><li>- over the ear or behind the ear </li></ul><ul><li>- in the ear </li></ul><ul><li>- body aids </li></ul><ul><li>FM devices </li></ul><ul><li>Cochlear implants </li></ul>
  9. 9. Care of Hearing Aids <ul><li>Information from the audiologist </li></ul><ul><li>Daily check </li></ul><ul><li>Keep hearing aids dry and safe from damage </li></ul>
  10. 10. Daily Hearing Aid Check <ul><li>Clean earmold </li></ul><ul><li>Check batteries </li></ul><ul><li>Turn hearing aid to “M” </li></ul><ul><li>Set volume to low </li></ul><ul><li>Attach hearing aid stethoscope </li></ul><ul><li>Hold aid about 12” from mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Say “ah”, “oo”, “ee”, “sh”,”mm”, “ss” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Introducing Hearing Aids <ul><li>Earmolds should fit well </li></ul><ul><li>Over the ear aids should be secure </li></ul><ul><li>Begin during enjoyable activities that involve vocal play and speech </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor environmental noise </li></ul><ul><li>Remove aids before child tires of them </li></ul><ul><li>Increase “listening time” </li></ul>
  12. 12. Key Criteria for Cochlear Implant Candidates <ul><li>Severe to profound sensorineural loss </li></ul><ul><li>Little or no benefit from hearing aids </li></ul><ul><li>No medical contraindications </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate outcome expectations and motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Placed in strong auditory/oral program </li></ul>
  13. 13. Planning the Functional Hearing Assignment <ul><li>Break up into small groups of according to the age of target child </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Observations during typical activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliciting situations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Select one person to post key points in the discussions on WebCT- please identify the child’s age and abilities </li></ul>
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