Sexually Transmitted Infections PPT presentation


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Sexually Transmitted Infections PPT presentation

  1. 1. <ul><li>Tramaine Curtis </li></ul><ul><li>Phinecia Bright </li></ul><ul><li>Teonia Burton </li></ul><ul><li>Diana Medina </li></ul><ul><li>Cherlyne Norman </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 29 </li></ul><ul><li>Group 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Lesson Title: </li></ul><ul><li>Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) </li></ul><ul><li>Topic: </li></ul><ul><li>Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) </li></ul>
  2. 2. Target Group: <ul><li>Child-Bearing age women between the ages of 16- 35 </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is a STI? <ul><li>Any infections contracted through sexual intercourse or other intimate sexual contact. </li></ul><ul><li>Most STIs spread during vaginal or anal sex, but other forms of sexual contact, such as oral sex, can also spread disease </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why STI and not STD? <ul><li>People must first be infected before they can have a sexually transmitted disease </li></ul><ul><li>An Infection means that a germ that can cause sickness is present inside a person’s body. An infected person may feel sick. </li></ul><ul><li>A disease means that the infection is actually causing the infected person to feel sick, or to notice something is wrong . </li></ul>
  5. 5. In addition, <ul><li>15 million cases of STIs cases are reported annually in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Can be transferred from one person to another through sexual contact </li></ul>
  6. 6. STIs in Women <ul><li>Women are more vulnerable biologically, culturally, socioeconomically </li></ul><ul><li>Most are asymptomatic (no symptoms)in women </li></ul>
  7. 7. Bacterial vs. Viral <ul><li>Bacterial Infections </li></ul><ul><li>Chlamydia </li></ul><ul><li>Gonorrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Viral Infections </li></ul><ul><li>HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>HPV </li></ul><ul><li>Herpes Simplex </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Known as “Human Papillomavirus ” </li></ul>HPV
  9. 9. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) <ul><li>20 million people are currently infected with HPV </li></ul><ul><li>Very common amongst sexually active college students </li></ul>
  10. 10. Signs & Symptoms <ul><li>Most common manifestation of HPV is warts </li></ul><ul><li>Includes warts on skin such as plantar warts or in the genital area, known as genital warts </li></ul>
  11. 11. Signs & Symptoms <ul><li>May be associated with discomfort such as itching, burning, or tenderness in the genital area </li></ul><ul><li>Most women with HPV do not have any symptoms at all </li></ul>
  12. 12. Effects on Pregnancy <ul><li>HPV has no effect on the fetus whatsoever during pregnancy and does not rule out a vaginal delivery </li></ul><ul><li>In some, the warts may be so large it can block the birth canal; in this case Cesarean section may be performed </li></ul>
  13. 13. Treatment <ul><li>No effective treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Warts may be treated with agents designed to reduce or remove the warts, including creams, oral medications, or surgery </li></ul><ul><li>The infection usually goes away without treatment, but for high risk HPV </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Is caused by the Chlamydia Trachomatis bacteria </li></ul><ul><li>“ Silent disease” </li></ul>Chlamydia
  15. 15. Chlamydia <ul><li>Most frequently reported bacterial sexually transmitted disease in U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>2.8 million Americans are infected with Chlamydia each year </li></ul>
  16. 16. Signs and Symptoms <ul><li>Some women still have no signs or symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Abnormal vaginal discharge or a burning sensation when urinating </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms usually appear within 1 to 3 weeks after exposure </li></ul>
  17. 17. In addition, <ul><li>Lower abdominal pain, low back pain, nausea, fever, pain during intercourse, or bleeding between menstrual periods </li></ul>
  18. 18. Effects on Pregnancy <ul><li>Chlamydia can spread to other reproductive organs causing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) </li></ul><ul><li>Can lead to long-term pelvic pain, blocked fallopian tubes, infertility and ectopic pregnancy </li></ul>
  19. 19. Effects on Pregnancy <ul><li>Evidence that untreated chlamydial infections can lead to premature delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Babies born to infected mothers can get chlamydial infections in their eyes and respiratory tracts </li></ul>
  20. 20. Treatment <ul><li>Your doctor or other health care workers will probably give you a prescription for an antibiotic to treat people with Chlamydia infection </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Scientifically known as the gonococcus, or Neisseria gonorrhoeae </li></ul>Gonorrhea
  22. 22. Gonorrhea <ul><li>700,000 persons in the U.S. get new gonorrheal infections each year </li></ul><ul><li>Half of these infections are reported to CDC </li></ul>
  23. 23. Signs & Symptoms <ul><li>Most infected women have no symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Include a painful or burning sensation when urinating, increased vaginal discharge, or vaginal bleeding between periods </li></ul>
  24. 24. Signs & Symptoms <ul><li>Infected women have higher risk of developing serious complications from the infection </li></ul><ul><li>A common complication of gonorrhea is pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) </li></ul>
  25. 25. Effects on Pregnancy <ul><li>Can also be spread from mother to child during birth </li></ul><ul><li>Can cause fertility problems, birth defects, skin problems, arthritis, blood poisoning, and heart and brain infections </li></ul>
  26. 26. Treatment <ul><li>Several antibiotics can successfully cure gonorrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Because of drug-resistance the successful treatment of gonorrhea is becoming more difficult </li></ul>
  27. 27. In addition, <ul><li>Many people with gonorrhea also have chlamydia, antibiotics for both infections are usually given together </li></ul><ul><li>Persons with gonorrhea should be tested for other STDs </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV-2), which is related to the viruses that belongs to the same family of viruses that cause chicken pox and shingles </li></ul>Herpes Simplex
  29. 29. Herpes Simplex 1 & 2 <ul><li>45 million people in the United States ages 12 and older have herpes </li></ul><ul><li>1 out of 5 of the total adolescent and adult population, are infected with Herpes Simplex </li></ul>
  30. 30. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) <ul><li>Type 1 (HSV-1) Cause lesions, cold sores “fever blisters” in the mouth or on the lips </li></ul><ul><li>Bumps form on the lips and sometimes in the mouth, tongue, and throat </li></ul><ul><li>Blisters crust over and heal within 10-16 days </li></ul>
  31. 31. Herpes Simplex <ul><li>May include fever, general muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes in the neck, flu-like symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Increased salivation and sometimes bleeding in the mouth </li></ul>
  32. 32. Herpes Type 2 (HSV-2) <ul><li>Cause lesions around and on the genital areas </li></ul><ul><li>Bumps form on the lips and sometimes in the mouth, tongue, and throat </li></ul><ul><li>Blisters crust over and heal within 10-16 days </li></ul>
  33. 33. Effects on Pregnancy <ul><ul><ul><li>Type 2 Viral shedding from cervix, vagina, vulva plays the primary role in transmitting the disease from mother to infant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>About 60% of newborns infected and not treated will die or be severely damaged </li></ul></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Effects on Pregnancy <ul><ul><ul><li>Newborns develop skin sores; caesarean is performed if sores are present </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Herpes keratitus- Ocular herpes </li></ul></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Signs & Symptoms <ul><li>Include fever, general muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes in the neck, flu-like symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Increased salivation and sometimes bleeding in the mouth </li></ul>
  36. 36. Signs & Symptoms <ul><li>Recurrence Period- virus lay dormant </li></ul><ul><li>Prodromal Symptoms- tingling at the sites commonly affected by blisters </li></ul>
  37. 37. Treatment <ul><li>Topical ointment, oral or injectable </li></ul><ul><li>Oral and injectable reduces viral shedding and duration severity of initial herpes outbreaks </li></ul><ul><li>Injection is used for most severe outbreaks </li></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>HIV-Human Immunodeficiency Virus </li></ul><ul><li>AIDS-Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome </li></ul>HIV/AIDS
  39. 39. HIV/AIDS <ul><li>HIV is the virus that causes AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>The definition of AIDS relates to </li></ul><ul><li>CD4+ T-cells Count </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy adults usually have CD4+ T-cell counts of 1,000 or more </li></ul><ul><li>Aids and some HIV sufferers have less than 200 CD4+ T-cells </li></ul>
  40. 40. Furthermore, <ul><li>Minority women in U.S are one of the fastest growing populations affected </li></ul><ul><li>Ranks among the top three leading causes of death for minority women aged 24-44 </li></ul>
  41. 41. Signs & Symptoms <ul><li>rapid weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>dry cough </li></ul><ul><li>recurring fever or profuse night sweats </li></ul><ul><li>profound and unexplained fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>swollen lymph glands diarrhea </li></ul><ul><li>white spots or unusual blemishes on the tongue, in the mouth, or in the throat </li></ul>
  42. 42. Signs & Symptoms <ul><li>pneumonia </li></ul><ul><li>red, brown, pink, or purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids </li></ul><ul><li>memory loss, depression, and other neurological disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Do not assume if you have symptoms! </li></ul>
  43. 43. Effects on Pregnancy <ul><li>Spontaneous abortion </li></ul><ul><li>Stillbirth </li></ul><ul><li>Maternal mortality </li></ul><ul><li>Newborn mortality </li></ul><ul><li>Low birth weight </li></ul><ul><li>Preterm delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Amnionitis (inflammation) </li></ul>
  44. 44. Effects of Pregnancy <ul><li>70% transmission occurs at the time of delivery 30% amount occurs antenatally (before delivery) </li></ul><ul><li>A significant contributor to transmission is breastfeeding </li></ul>
  45. 45. Treatment <ul><li>Antiviral drugs drug’s that boost the immune system have allowed many people with HIV to resist infections, stay healthy, and prolong their lives, but these medications are not a cure </li></ul>
  46. 46. Treatment <ul><li>There is no vaccine to prevent HIV and AIDS researchers are working on developing one </li></ul><ul><li>Doctors do not know of any way to rid the body of HIV </li></ul>
  47. 47. Modes of Transmission <ul><li>blood </li></ul><ul><li>blood products </li></ul><ul><li>sexual fluids </li></ul><ul><li>People can be infected and NOT look sick or even have AIDS but can still transmit HIV </li></ul>
  48. 48. Other Common STIs/STDs <ul><li>More than 20 known STIs </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to be tested for STIs if you are sexually active </li></ul><ul><li>syphilis </li></ul><ul><li>trichomonas </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis B </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis C </li></ul>
  49. 49. STI Prevention <ul><li>Abstain from sexual intercourse—vaginal, oral, or anal </li></ul><ul><li>Be in a monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner </li></ul>
  50. 50. STI Prevention <ul><li>For oral sex, use a condom over the penis and use a dental dam, plastic wrap, or cut-open condom to cover the vagina or anus </li></ul><ul><li>Dual protection is the use of condoms combined with another contraceptive method </li></ul>
  51. 51. STIs in 2004
  52. 52. Video Clip
  53. 53. The End That’s All Folks!!!!