Seizure Disorders

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Seizure Disorders

  1. 1. What to Do if a Student Has a Seizure Marcus Simmons Itawamba Community College Information provided by: The National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke & Epilepsy Ontario
  2. 2. Seizures Contents <ul><li>Types and Description of Seizures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Video content of Seizure Examples </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What to do if you see someone having a seizure with convulsions and/or loss of consciousness </li></ul><ul><li>When to call 911 </li></ul><ul><li>After the Seizure </li></ul><ul><li>Seizures without convulsions or loss of consciousness </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Seizures <ul><li>There are 2 main types of Seizures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary Generalized Seizures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Generally associated more with heredity issues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Begins with electrical discharge in a widespread manner affecting both sides of the brain </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partial Seizures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Generally associated with head trauma, brain infection, strokes, and or tumors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The is an electrical discharge limited to one area of the brain </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Primary Generalized Seizures <ul><li>Some of the different kinds of seizures under this category are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Absence Seizures (Same as petit mal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Atypical Seizures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Myoclonic Seizures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Atonic Seizures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tonic Seizures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clonic Seizures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tonic-Clonic Seizures (Same as Grand Mal) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Absence Seizures
  6. 6. Tonic Clonic Seizures
  7. 7. Partial Seizures <ul><li>Some of the different kinds of seizures under this category are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Partial Seizures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complex Partial Seizures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary Generalized Seizures </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Simple Partial Seizure & Nocturnal Seizures
  9. 9. Complex Partial Seizures
  10. 10. If you see someone having a seizure with convulsions and/or loss of consciousness. <ul><li>Roll the person on his or her side to prevent choking on any fluids or vomit </li></ul><ul><li>Cushion the person’s head </li></ul><ul><li>Loosen any tight clothing around the neck </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure the person’s airway is open (Only if not breathing tilt the person’s head back some and hold the jaw open) </li></ul><ul><li>Do not restrict the person from moving unless they are in danger </li></ul>
  11. 11. Continued… <ul><li>Do not put anything into the person’s mouth; not even fluids or medicine – this can cause choking and damage to the tongue, teeth, or jaw. </li></ul><ul><li>Please Note: Contrary to popular believe People cannot swallow their tongues. </li></ul><ul><li>Remove sharp or hard objects away from the person during the seizure </li></ul><ul><li>Please Note: Note how long the seizure occurred and the symptoms exhibit so that you might tell medical personnel later </li></ul><ul><li>Always stay with the person until the seizure has ended </li></ul>
  12. 12. When to Call 911 <ul><li>Always best to call and alert Campus police </li></ul><ul><li>Specific situations in which you should definitely call: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The person is pregnant or has diabetes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The seizure happened in water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The seizure lasted for more than 5 minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The person did not start breathing or having trouble breathing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Another seizure starts before the person has regained consciousness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The person injures themselves during the seizure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you think this is the person’s first seizure or if you are not sure </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. After a Seizure – What to expect and what to do <ul><li>What to expect: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The person may be groggy and tired </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They may be confused, embarrassed or disoriented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They may have and complain of a headache </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What to do: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be patient with the person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assure them everything is alright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try to make them comfortable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try to question the person about any areas that might hurt them; to get an idea if there has been an injury during the seizure </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. What to do for a Non-Convulsive Seizure <ul><li>Recognizing the non-convulsive seizure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This might be hard because non-convulsive seizure can appear in many different ways. The person may walk aimlessly, make odd gestures, mumble, or perform other odd and uncustomary acts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What to do: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember the person has no control over their actions at this point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove any dangerous objects from the person’s path </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not try to stop the person from walking, unless they are in danger. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not shake the person or shout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay with the person until they are completely alert and over the seizure </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. To Learn More About Seizure Disorders you may look at the following sites: <ul><li>This site gives a very good overall view of Seizure definitions, descriptions, and treatments. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec06/ch085/ch085a.html </li></ul>
  16. 16. All video Information Provided through: Epilepsy Ontario Suite 308 1 Promenade Circle Thornhill, Ontario Canada L4J 4P8 info@epilepsyontario.org
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