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  1. 1. A Journey Through Asperger’s Syndrome <ul><li>Ali, Katie, Liza </li></ul>
  2. 2. What is Asperger’s? <ul><li>Asperger’s syndrome (AS) is a developmental disorder.  </li></ul><ul><li>An autism spectrum disorder (ASD) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mildest form of Autism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dr. Hans Asperger </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1944 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boys with similar traits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Boy studies b/c most cases were found in boys (still today 70-80)% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>May be because girls can overcome symptoms based on socialization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Neurological disorder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ASD of a distinct group of neurological conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>greater or less than average degree of impairment in language and communication skills, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>repetitive or restrictive patterns of thought and behavior. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Common Traits & Characteristics <ul><ul><li>socially awkward and clumsy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>naive and gullible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>unaware of others' feelings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>unable to carry on conversation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>easily upset by changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>literal in speech and understanding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sensitive to loud sounds, lights, odors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fixated on one subject or object </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>physically awkward in sports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>very accurate memory for details </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>trouble understanding things they have heard or read </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>inappropriate body language & expression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>repetitive and irrelevant comments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>unusually loud, high or monotonous voice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>rock, fidget or pace while concentrating </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Diagnosing the Syndrome <ul><li>Two main criteria for diagnosis: DSM IV and Gillberg’s criteria: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impairment in social interactions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited all-consuming interests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Burden regarding routines and interests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speech and communication problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-verbal language difficulties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficulty with motor skills </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Possible Treatment <ul><ul><li>*The earlier the better! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Psychosocial interventions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social training skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cognitive behavior therapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any activity to help individual learn to adjust to social situations and act appropriately </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Camp, teen tours, group communication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Psychopharmalogical interventions </li></ul><ul><li>NO CURE! </li></ul>
  6. 6. What Can Cause All this? The debate… <ul><li>*NOT BAD PARENTING! </li></ul><ul><li>Genetics (still a lot of research in Progress) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Family inheritance on father’s side </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Studies of brain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right lobe studies using MRI’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Research done in 1994 and 1995 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disability with right hemisphere </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Right front lobe especially deals with “social rules” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Other Findings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Birth problems, lack of oxygen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>central nervous system dysfunction </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. An Interview with Asperger’s <ul><li>Autism is: being present in this world, But not entirely of it. I am one step removed and curled, The switch just doesn't click. </li></ul><ul><li>I perform the role of my perception, And play many parts so well. But minus files for my redemption, My part in life I cannot tell. </li></ul><ul><li>Life is like a video, I watch but cannot partake. My uneven skills are but an echo, Of the frustrations which I hate! </li></ul><ul><li>However, my focused use of time and space, I would not give away. I know that I am especially placed, For some developed career one day! </li></ul><ul><li>Wendy Lawson & her story </li></ul><ul><ul><li>always new she was different </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very difficult to make friends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No flexibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obsessions of interests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>animals and insects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tinted glasses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only cotton </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can’t read body language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social skills by trial and error </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uncomfortable when not in control </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Fact or Myth? <ul><li>ALL PEOPLE WITH ASPERGER’S SYNDROME ARE EXACTLY THE SAME? </li></ul><ul><li>False </li></ul><ul><li>ASPERGER’S SYNDROME IS HIGH FUNCTION AUTISM </li></ul><ul><li>True </li></ul><ul><li>ALL PEOPLE WITH ASPERGER’S SYNDROME CAN HAVE MEANINGFUL JOBS AND LIVE INDEPENDENTLY </li></ul><ul><li>False </li></ul><ul><li>IF YOU CAN FIX THE BEHAVIORS OF PEOPLE WITH ASPERGER’S SYNDROME, YOU CAN CURE THE DISORDER </li></ul><ul><li>False </li></ul><ul><li>SOME PEOPLE WITH ASPERGER’S SYNDROME DESIRE FRIENDSHIP </li></ul><ul><li>True </li></ul><ul><li>FROM A CROWD OF PEOPLE I MIGHT NOT BE ABLE TO PICK THE PERSON WITH ASPERGER’S OUT </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>True! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Asperger’s In History…Surprised? <ul><li>Albert Einstein and Isaac Newton </li></ul>
  10. 10. Works Cited <ul><li>http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/asperger/asperger.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http:// img.nesteklikk.no/2005-14/medium/56555.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://img.pathfinder.gr/CMAN/i/61/0/26-5.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. learningdiscoveries . org/Aspergers . htm </li></ul><ul><li>www.scarfuk.co.uk/ images/image2.gif </li></ul><ul><li>http://mugsy.org/wendy/wendy13.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. aspergers .com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://info.med. yale . edu/chldstdy/autism/aspergers .html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/asperger/asperger.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Troy/1807/criteria.html </li></ul>

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