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  1. 1. It’s on the Tip of My Fingers: Techniques for Memorization <ul><li>Texas Music Teachers Association Convention 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Dawn Harmon McCord, Presenter </li></ul>
  2. 2. Music Music Everywhere . . . <ul><li>. . . But not a sound to hear. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Multimodal Musical Experiences <ul><li>Auditory </li></ul><ul><li>Visual </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive </li></ul><ul><li>Affective </li></ul><ul><li>Motor </li></ul><ul><li>Memory </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Donald Hodges: Neurological Research and Music Education, 1996 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Effective Teaching Strategies… <ul><li>…actively involve the student in the learning experience. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the first step towards facilitating memorization. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Basic information is easy to talk about! <ul><li>You can tell that the: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>melody is mostly conjunct and diatonic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>form is ABA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>harmony is in a minor modality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>rhythm is compound duple </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Could you help them discover this information in ways </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>other than lecture? If so, they will own the parameters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>of the repertoire. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Where to start with active learning and listening? <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have student: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focus their attention to some specific detail in the music </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Listen for that detail as they play </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Respond to the discoveries that surface </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. There are many resources available to the teacher that will help the student focus on specific parameters necessary for memorization.
  8. 8. Learning and Memorization Activities <ul><li>Guidance </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Schumann “Papillons” from Carnaval , Op. 9 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is this piece: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fast or slow? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quiet or loud? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Like a butterfly or an elephant? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Guidance creates active listening which empowers the learner to access great hooks for memorization. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Learning and Memorization Activities <ul><li>Modeling </li></ul><ul><li>Mini-teaching Moments </li></ul><ul><li>Questioning </li></ul>
  10. 10. Learning and Memorization Activities <ul><li>Storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>Visitation Rights </li></ul><ul><li>American Idol </li></ul>
  11. 11. Learning and Memorization Activities <ul><li>Listening Maps </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A listening map is a visual image that highlights important stylistic parameters in a given composition. Examples of these images can include: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pictures </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Graphics </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shapes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Short musical themes or motifs </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source for ideas is Rebecca Payne Shockley’s Mapping Music: For Faster Learning and Secure Memory </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Learning and Memorization Activities <ul><li>Call Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Visuals </li></ul>A A A A C B B Robert Schumann: Frightening from Scenes from Childhood, Op. 15
  13. 13. Listening Map Example Domenico Scarlatti: Sonata in A Minor, K. 149; Longo 93
  14. 14. Now it’s your turn <ul><li>Select a piece to map </li></ul><ul><li>On your blank paper provided, create a map for your selection. Let the following guide your choices for visualization: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Texture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sky’s the limit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Melody </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harmony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expression </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Mapping Repertoire <ul><li>W. T. Skye Garcia: Cat Walk </li></ul>Susan Ogilvy: Toccatina Martha Mier: Morning Dew
  16. 16. Now it’s your turn <ul><li>Set your imagination free. </li></ul><ul><li>Create a map for your selection. The following guide provides some of the ideas for mapping: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Texture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sky’s the limit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Melody </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harmony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expression </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Coda and Overture <ul><li>Set ‘em up </li></ul><ul><li>Let the learning begin </li></ul><ul><li>Let the listening begin </li></ul><ul><li>Begin appropriate and multimodal activities </li></ul><ul><li>Memorize at all levels and modes of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Where there are insecurities, expand the activities </li></ul><ul><li>Learning activities will put it on the tip of your fingers! </li></ul>

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