Lyme Disease Lyme Disease

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Lyme Disease Lyme Disease

  1. 1. Lyme Disease
  2. 2. Lyme Disease About the Disorder • Lyme Disease is a growing infectious disease caused by a type of bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi. • This bacteria is transferred to humans through infected deer ticks and western blacklegged ticks.
  3. 3. Lyme Disease About the Disorder • In order to contract Lyme disease a person has to be bitten by an infected tick. • When the tick remains attached to the skin for approximately 24-48 hours, the bacteria can migrate from the tick’s gut into the person’s blood stream. • The bacterium then infects various parts of the body producing the clinical manifestations of Lyme disease.
  4. 4. Lyme Disease About the Disorder • The signs and symptoms of Lyme disease progress as the disease progresses. • Those affected do not experience all signs and symptoms. • Most often, people who contract the disease will initially develop a rash or a small red bump at the sight of the tick bite and experience flu-like symptoms (fever, body ache, chills and headaches).
  5. 5. Lyme Disease About the Disorder • These signs and symptoms may disappear spontaneously, but if the infection remains untreated, symptoms of arthritis and migratory joint pain may develop. • About 10 to 20 percent of untreated people will develop chronic arthritis. • Chronic Lyme disease may cause neurological problems if the brain becomes infected.
  6. 6. Lyme Disease About the Disorder • In these situations the following neurological symptoms may occur weeks, months or even years after an untreated infection: – Meningitis (inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain) – Bell’s palsy (temporary paralysis of one side of the face) – Numbness and weakness in the limbs
  7. 7. Lyme Disease About the Disorder • In these situations the following neurological symptoms may occur weeks, months or even years after an untreated infection: – Poor muscle control – Memory loss – Difficulty with concentration – Changes in mood – Changes in sleep habits
  8. 8. Lyme Disease About the Disorder • Fewer than 1 out of 10 untreated people develop heart problems, such as irregular heartbeats, shortness of breath and dizziness. • A person should seek immediate medical attention if they see a bite that concerns them. • Tick bites can often be the cause of other illnesses that also need to be treated.
  9. 9. Lyme Disease About the Disorder • Physicians will screen and diagnose the disease. • If infected, the most common treatment will include antibiotics. • If the disease has progressed to a later stage, hospitalization and other treatments may be necessary.
  10. 10. Lyme Disease Summary of Symptoms • Red “bulls eye” macule with clearing center • Rash • Flu-like symptoms (fever and headache) • Joint pain • Irregular heart beats • Dizziness
  11. 11. Lyme Disease Summary of Symptoms • Shortness of breath • Meningitis • Paralysis of face (Bell’s palsy) • Weakness of limbs • Poor muscle movement • Memory loss
  12. 12. Lyme Disease Summary of Symptoms • Difficulty concentrating • Changes in mood • Changes in sleep habits • Fatigue • Eye inflammation
  13. 13. Lyme Disease Educational Implications • In addition to physical symptoms, Lyme disease may cause neurological problems that result in cognitive deficits. • These deficits may relate to difficulties with speech, dementia, dyslexia, problems maintaining focus, retrieving information, and short- and long-term memory loss.
  14. 14. Lyme Disease Educational Implications • These problems may manifest in the classroom with forgetfulness, inattention, distractibility, restlessness, articulation errors and reversals in math and spelling. • Students may need to compensate for these deficits by improving their ability to process and use information, and by restoring impaired function through repetitive exercises reserves.
  15. 15. Lyme Disease Instructional Strategies and Classroom Accommodations • Instructional strategies and classroom accommodations will vary depending on the student’s symptoms and behaviors. • In addition, the symptoms and behaviors may disappear for weeks or months and then recur. • Staff needs to monitor the student’s health and cognitive deficits for recurrence of symptoms.
  16. 16. Lyme Disease Instructional Strategies and Classroom Accommodations • Develop a plan and accommodations for physical limitations if the student suffers from related health problems such as arthritis, Bell’s palsy, or heart problems. • Teach the student to use an assignment book and daily schedule to help with organization.
  17. 17. Lyme Disease Instructional Strategies and Classroom Accommodations • Teach the student to take notes using note- books, post-it notes and other aids. • Use alarms to signal changes, meds, etc. • Teach internal memory aids (including rehearsing information). • Teach how to use mnemonic devices. • Use repetition of instruction and concepts.
  18. 18. Lyme Disease Instructional Strategies and Classroom Accommodations • Use multi-sensory instruction. • Consider modifying or adapting the curriculum to better suit the student’s learning style. • Provide consistent structure and clearly define expectations. • School nurse may need to develop an Individualized Healthcare Plan.
  19. 19. Lyme Disease Resources: Lyme Disease Foundation Lyme Disease Foundation P.O. Box 332, Tolland, CT 06084-0332 • (860) 870-0070 • http://www.niams.nih.gov P.O. Box 332, Tolland, CT 06084-0332 • (860) 870-0070 • http://www.niams.nih.gov Mayo Medical Education & Research Mayo Medical Education & Research 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905 • (800) 283-7800 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905 • (800) 283-7800 http://www.mayoclinic.com/ http://www.mayoclinic.com/ National Library of Medicine Medline Plus National Library of Medicine Medline Plus Lyme Disease Interactive Tutorial Lyme Disease Interactive Tutorial http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/tutorials/lymedisease/htm/index.htm http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/tutorials/lymedisease/htm/index.htm Publications: Publications: Coping with Lyme Disease: A Practical Guide to Dealing with Diagnosis and Coping with Lyme Disease: A Practical Guide to Dealing with Diagnosis and Treatment. Denise Lang, ©1997. Henry Holt & Co. ISBN: 0805075631 Treatment. Denise Lang, ©1997. Henry Holt & Co. ISBN: 0805075631
  20. 20. Lyme Disease Resources: DVD/Video: DVD/Video: Kids Speak Out on Lyme, ©1993. Many children speak out about the difficulties Kids Speak Out on Lyme, ©1993. Many children speak out about the difficulties they face from having Lyme disease. they face from having Lyme disease. Princeton Medical Conference, Lyme & Other Tick-borne Diseases: Focus on Princeton Medical Conference, Lyme & Other Tick-borne Diseases: Focus on Children & Adolescents, © 2000 Compendium. Children & Adolescents, © 2000 Compendium. Ordering information at http://www.lymediseaseassociation.org/Videos.html Ordering information at http://www.lymediseaseassociation.org/Videos.html The information in this presentation was adapted from the Fact Sheets developed with Minnesota Low Incidence The information in this presentation was adapted from the Fact Sheets developed with Minnesota Low Incidence funds by Region 10 Physical Health Disabilities Network and School Nurse Organization of Minnesota (SNOM). funds by Region 10 Physical Health Disabilities Network and School Nurse Organization of Minnesota (SNOM). This PowerPoint presentation was created by Douglas A. Bronson, M.S. This PowerPoint presentation was created by Douglas A. Bronson, M.S.

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