HIV/AIDS
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HIV/AIDS

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HIV/AIDS Presentation Transcript

  • 1. HIV and AIDS Chera Pierce, Mandi Zaryski and Lindsay Gentemann
  • 2. What is HIV?
    • H uman I mmunodeficiency V irus
    • Causes AIDS
    • Overtime  Damages the immune system
  • 3. What is AIDS?
    • A cquired I mmuno d eficiency S yndrome
    • When immune system is weak:
      • _______________ and infections enter the body
        • This stage of HIV is called AIDS
  • 4. How is HIV/AIDS Transmitted?
    • Vaginal, anal, oral sex
    • ___________ sharing
    • Mother to fetus or newborn
    • Blood-to-blood contact
  • 5. HIV/AIDS is NOT spread by:
    • Shaking hands, touching or hugging
    • Breathing, coughing or ______________
    • Using toilets, telephones, etc.
  • 6. Continued…
    • Sharing food, drinks, etc
    • Insect bites including _______________
    • Tears or sweat
  • 7. Symptoms of HIV
    • Rapid _______________
    • Dry cough
    • Recurring fever or profuse night sweats
    • Profound, unexplained fatigue
    • Swollen lymph glands in armpits, groin, neck
  • 8. Symptoms of HIV
    • Diarrhea lasting for more than _________
    • White spots or unusual blemishes on tongue, in the mouth or throat
    • Pneumonia
  • 9. Continued…
    • Red, brown, pink or purplish blotches on or under the skin, in the mouth, nose or eyelids
    • Memory loss, depression & other neurological disorders
  • 10. HOWEVER…
    • All of these symptoms can be related to _______________ as well!!!
  • 11. Testing for HIV/AIDS
    • Testing positive for HIV does NOT mean you have AIDS BUT if left _____________ can become AIDS
    • Blood tests:
      • Count CD4 cells  white blood cells which attack infections
      • If infected your CD4 cell count drops below 200 cells/mm^3
  • 12. Treatments and Medications
    • No vaccines or medicines will __________ the spread of HIV
    • Most medicines slow the progression of HIV in an infected person
    • Medicine also used to prevent transmission from mother to baby during and after pregnancy
  • 13. Medicines Used
    • Zidovudine (Retrovir)
    • Nevirapine (Viramune)
    • Tenofovir
    • What exactly do these medicines do?
    • What are the possible side effects?
  • 14. Preventing & Dealing with AIDS… Counseling Options
    • Risk-Reduction Counseling: Targets at-risk individuals
    • Most counseling is aimed at PREVENTING the HIV contraction
    • Therapy is also available to HIV infected individuals and their families
  • 15. Why is HIV/AIDS Continuing to Spread?
    • Failure to change risky behaviors
    • Myths about HIV
    • Poor _____________ conditions
    • Naivete
  • 16. AIDS Across The Globe
    • http://www.unaids.org/wad2004/report_pdf.html
  • 17. Interesting Statistics
    • At the end of 2003, an estimated 1,039,000 to 1,185,000 people in the US were living with HIV/AIDS, 24-27% undiagnosed and unaware of their HIV infection
    • The cumulative estimated number of diagnoses of AIDS through 2003 in the US is 929,985
  • 18. Deaths Due to AIDS
    • The cumulative estimated number of deaths of persons with AIDS through 2003 is 524,060 including:
      • 518,568 adults and adolescents
      • 5,492 children under age 13
  • 19. What Can Be Done?
    • Websites to browse through:
      • http://www.projecthope.org
      • http://www.worldvision.org
  • 20. Questions, Comments, Concerns???