By re-establishing motion to the spine and decreasing irritation and excitability which resulted from the osteopathic lesions, reactivation of reflex maturation was found.
Reassessment of the presence of primitive reflexes at the conclusion of treatment revealed inhibition of primitive reflexes but regression of postural reflexes. This indicated that treatment started a sequence of normal development from cephalad to caudal progression.
“ The behaviors and academic learning of your child are the visible expression of the invisible activity within his nervous system. Learning and behavior are the visible aspects of sensory integration.”
According to the KID Foundation, sensory processing disorder is a complex disorder of the brain that affects children and the way they perceive incoming sensory information. Children and adults receive sensory input from all of our senses and it is the role of the brain to process and organize the information and to make an appropriate response.
The nervous system must connect like puzzle pieces. In a child with sensory processing disorder, the pieces do not fit together correctly or the child is slower than normal putting the puzzle together.
We learn through our senses. What we see, what we hear, what we touch, and what we experience through the perception of movement of our joints and muscles are our foundations for learning. Sensory integration theory is a way of looking at how the brain and the body work together to process sensory information.
If a child has a vestibular sensory processing disorder it will affect all of the other sensory systems. Children may have a history of ear infections or tubes. They may also exhibit some of the following:
Children with dysfunction in their vestibular system must be checked for vertebral subluxations of the cervical spine, especially the upper cervical spine. As this area can cause mechanical irritation to the spinal cord.
Cervical proprioception can influence vestibular function. Vestibular excitation of the Abducens Nerve was inhibited by contra lateral and facilitated by ipsilateral electrical stimulation of the cervical dorsal roots and facet joints at C2 and C3.
The proprioceptive system tells us where our body is in space. Proprioceptive information is received by joint and muscle movement especially in joints around the spinal cord, brainstem, cerebral cortex, and cerebellum.
Chiropractic spinal adjustments are important in firing joint proprioceptors.
The joints around the spine are the main source of movement stimulation to the brain. If there is a subluxation in the spine, proprioceptive information that the brain receives will be altered.
Each time a chiropractic adjustment is performed, proprioceptive information from around the spinal column is sent to the brain. Thus restoring proper proprioceptive communication between the brain and the body.
McCouch et al demonstrated in cats that the tonic neck reflexes were mediated through the joint receptors rather than the cervical musculature. In addition to its influence on postural neck reflexes, upper cervical spine proprioception is thought to be responsible for the generation of the cervical-ocular reflex.
Touch is our first system to develop and function in the womb. Tactile input is important to determine our behavior. Inadequacies in tactile sensations can lead to difficulty in our daily routines such as dressing and eating, and later on with school activities like learning to write and cut.
Children with difficulties processing tactile sensory input may appear:
Children who have problems processing different smells may suffer from allergies. The child may try to smell everything that he touches. Typically the child will not like new clothes, new toys, or new furniture due to the new smell.
Children who have sensory processing difficulties related to taste may be classified as “picky eaters”. The child might also eat non-edible items such as dirt, chalk, crayons, paper, etc. The child may not like getting their teeth brushed or cleaned because there is something in their mouth.
The child may have normal vision, but may still have difficulty processing what he sees. The visual and vestibular systems must work closely together for proper learning to occur. Subluxations in the upper cervical spine and thoracic spine may cause abnormalities in proper processing of visual input.
The spinal cord plays a role in the visual coordination of posture and the control of eye movements.
What do we see with sensory processing disorder of the visual system?
Difficulty going up and down stairs
Poor hand and eye coordination
Pain or discomfort when required to do visual work (copying off the board)
Inability to read without losing one’s place
Rubbing eyes after reading or writing
Complaints of frequent headaches or stomach aches after working
Children who have Sensory Processing Disorder or any of the subcategories have problems with the regulation of sensory information. They can have an abnormal response to stimuli. The response can be either be hypo, hyper, or a combination of the two.