Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit ...


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Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit ...

  1. 1. drug therapy does not cure ADD/ADHD but only treats the Research over the last 30 years has been quite consistent What is Attention Deficit symptoms. in confirming Dr. Joel Lubar’s initial findings and it has Hyperactivity Disorder? been shown in a number of studies that quantitative QEEG EEG Abnormalities in ADD/ADHD brain mapping techniques can be used to reliably and ac- Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hy- peractivity Disorder (ADHD) are two of the most common In the mid-1970s, Dr. Joel Lubar at the University of Ten- curately discriminate children with ADD/ADHD from normal neurological disorders diagnosed in children and nessee discovered that children suffering from ADD/ADHD children. teenagers. ADD/ADHD are genetically-based neurological showed an abnormal brainwave pattern when examined by electroencephalography (EEG) recording techniques. EEG Neurotherapy disorders that affect the way in which the brain functions with resulting symptoms of inattention, impulsivity and hy- When completing a task that requires mental effort, individ- EEG Neurotherapy— also called “”EEG Biofeedback” or peractivity. uals without ADD/ADHD show inhibition of slow wave theta “Neurofeedback”— is a very promising new therapy in the EEG activity (4-8 Hz) and an increase in faster waves in field of applied psychophysiology. It is a computer-based ADD/ADHD symptoms begin in infancy and can continue the 14-18 Hz range. Compared to normals, those with technique for retraining the brain to produce more normal into adulthood, causing difficulties for people at home, at ADD/ADHD show an excess of slower theta waves, espe- patterns of electrical activity. school, at their jobs, and within their communities. Various cially in the central and frontal regions of the brain, and fail The procedure is simple. Sensors are placed on the scalp research studies estimate that 3-7% of all children— more to switch to the faster brainwaves associated with focused to record brainwave patterns. In EEG biofeedback therapy, often boys than girls— have ADD/ADHD and, in about 70% attention. Without constantly-changing, high levels of stim- the computer converts the brainwaves into game-like dis- of cases, symptoms will continue into adulthood and persist ulation, ADD/ADHD children simply “shut-down” and “tune- plays or colourful images paired with sounds to give audito- for life, although hyperactivity will usually diminish signifi- out”, producing high theta brainwave activity. ry feedback as well. cantly by about age 21 or so. QEEG Neurometric Imaging As the child controls Untreated ADD/ADHD prevents school-aged children from what happens on the achieving their full academic potential and is associated Quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) neurometric computer screen by with serious psychosocial problems into adulthood. imaging is the statistical analysis of the electrical activity of changing his or her the brain. It is a brain mapping tool used to evaluate differ- brainwave patterns in Conventional Treatment for ences in brain function from a database of people of the the direction desired, ADD/ADHD same age and gender without difficulties. QEEG brain he or she learns to Psychostimulant medication is the conventionally-accepted mapping and neurometric analysis enables the formulation change his or her treatment for ADD/ADHD and experience with these medi- of treatment options guided by the brain patterns associat- brain state. For cations in the 50-odd years since they were first introduced ed with abnormal behaviours rather then relying solely on ADD/ADHD children, it shows us that 60-75% of ADD/ADHD children obtain tem- questionnaires or behavioural observations. is common to have the porary improvement in attention, impulsivity and hyperac- computer display tivity as long as they remain on these medications. But re- change in response to increases in faster brainwaves si- search has also shown that 70-90% of children taking psy- multaneously with decreases in slower brain waves. Basi- chostimulants experience undesirable side-effects, includ- cally, the child plays a computer game solely by controlling ing such problems as loss of appetite, mood instability, his or her level of concentration. growth reduction, and disturbed sleep. Recently, Health Three decades of research on the use of EEG neurothera- Canada removed one popular ADD/ADHD medication, pe- py in the treatment of ADD/ADHD has demonstrated effica- moline (Cylert, ADDerall), from the Canadian market be- cy and maintenance. Numerous research studies have cause of growing evidence that it can cause serious liver shown that EEG neurotherapy is at least as effective in re- disease or failure in some children. Similarly, there is re- ducing ADD/ADHD symptoms as psychostimulant drugs cent research out of the University of Texas suggesting and most studies have reported treatment success rates of that methylphenidate (Ritalin), the most commonly pre- between 70-80% for those children who show abnormal scribed ADD/ADHD medication, can cause genetic abnor- brainwaves in their EEG brain maps. Moreover, long-term malities in children. follow-up studies with children successfully treated with With increasing evidence that ADD/ADHD continues to be QEEG is very useful in revealing the underlying abnormal EEG neurotherapy have shown that the improved atten- a serious problem into adulthood for up to 70% of those di- brainwave patterns associated with ADD/ADHD and many tional ability of these children remains stable long after agnosed as children, it is becoming increasingly clear that other disorders. treatment has ended. In other words, the abnormal brain-
  2. 2. wave patterns are permanently normalized without the use Who is Dr. Horst Mueller? of toxic drugs. It is also important to note that drugs do not actually improve the child’s ability to learn but EEG neu- Dr. Horst Mueller is an Alberta-registered psychologist EEG Neurotherapy rotherapy does. The research shows that EEG neurotherapy works best for (CAP #1290) with special interests in clinical health psy- chology and applied psychophysiology. He is listed with the Canadian Register of Health Service Providers in Psychol- for Attention- children over 6 years of age with normal or high intelli- gence. Usually some 30-50 treatment sessions (30-45 min- ogy (CRHSPP) and is certified in EEG Neurofeedback by the Biofeedback Certification Institute of America (BCIA). Deficit Disorder utes each) are required for successful treatment, at a rate He is also a member of the Association for Applied Psy- of 2-3 sessions per week. chophysiology and Biofeedback (AAPB) and the Interna- tional Society for Neurofeedback & Research (ISNR). EEG Neurotherapy Treatment Program Dr. Mueller has over 30 years of experience working as a clinical psychologist in psychiatric, general and rehabilita- In association with Mind Alive Inc., Dr. Horst H. Mueller, an tion hospital settings, community mental health clinics, Alberta-registered psychologist, is offering EEG neurother- schools, and private practice treating both children and apy for ADD/ADHD children and adults. adults. The basic treatment program includes: Insurance Coverage (a) Initial free consultation with ADD/ADHD child’s parents or ADD/ADHD adult client. EEG neurotherapy is not covered by Alberta Health. When treatment is carried out by a registered psychologist as a (b) Review and evaluation of school, medical, and other psychological therapy for a psychological condition— such available assessment data. as ADD/ADHD— it may be covered under the psychology (c) A pre-treatment QEEG brain map and statistical neuro- benefits section of many private individual or group extend- metric comparison of the patient’s QEEG to EEG ed health insurance plans. Check with your insurance norms for age and gender and printed brain map re- provider. port. (d) A total of 30 in-clinic biofeedback treatment sessions (45-minutes each) over 12-16 weeks. Any necessary For more detailed information on the therapy program and Dr. Horst H. Mueller sessions beyond 30 will be offered at a reduced fee. its costs, contact: Registered Psychologist (e) The purchase of a Comptronic Devices Ltd. PAL2 Au- Board-Certified in EEG Biofeedback dio-Visual EEG Stimulation (AVS) device for home Dr. Horst H. Mueller, RPsych training at a special discount price. CRHSPP, FBCIA, FPPR Private Practice in Clinical Neurotherapy “trains” the brain. Patients learn to recognize abnormal brainwave patterns and normalize them. It is Green Apple Health Care & Health Psychology painless and non-invasive, and the results of the therapy are permanent. #221, 9148-23 Avenue Green Apple Health Care There are over 1500 practitioners of EEG neurotherapy in Edmonton, Alberta T6N 1H9 #221, 9148-23 Avenue the United States and Canada, and many thousands of children and adults have been successfully treated. Tel: 780-485-9468 Fax: 780-485-3587 Edmonton, Alberta “The literature, which lacks any negative study of substance, Toll-Free VM: 1-866-202-4355 suggests that Neurotherapy should play a major therapeutic role in many difficult areas. In my opinion if any medication had Email: 780-485-9468 demonstrated such a wide spectrum of efficacy it would be uni- URL: versally accepted and widely used.” – Dr. Frank Duffy, Neurol- ogist and Editor of the Journal of Clinical Electroencephalogra- phy.