Professional Development Course on Catering for Diversity in English Language Teaching ENG5315 The Characteristics of Dive...
What is ADHD? <ul><li>Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>A neurological disorder </li></ul><ul><li...
Diagnosis of ADHD <ul><li>Persistence </li></ul><ul><li>An individual must have exhibited either symptoms of inattention a...
Diagnosis of ADHD <ul><li>Severity </li></ul><ul><li>The symptoms presented must be serious enough to cause clinically sig...
Subtypes of ADHD <ul><li>American Psychiatric Association’s DSM IV </li></ul><ul><li>Two categories: </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
Combined subtype <ul><li>Don’t pay attention well to lessons or individual tasks (particularly repetitive, uninteresting o...
Combined subtype <ul><li>Too talkative </li></ul><ul><li>Class clown </li></ul><ul><li>Want peer attention </li></ul><ul><...
Predominantly inattentive subtype (ADD) <ul><li>Have problems with attention but not hyperactivity or impulsivity </li></u...
Predominantly inattentive subtype (ADD) <ul><li>Unable to stay focused for long on a task </li></ul><ul><li>Spend inordina...
Predominantly inattentive subtype (ADD) <ul><li>Need close supervision to get through a task </li></ul><ul><li>ADHD childr...
Predominantly hyperactive impulsive subtype <ul><li>Overly active and impulsive </li></ul><ul><li>Impulsivity: inability t...
Key facts of ADHD Hyperactivity often diminishes by puberty. However, inattentiveness and impulsivity remain. 70-80% of ch...
Useful websites about ADHD <ul><li>Attention Deficit Disorder Association (Articles) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.add.org/...
Activity 1 - Sharing <ul><li>How do you react to the AD/HD students? Share with other participants in terms of: </li></ul>...
Activity 2 <ul><li>Think about a student in your class/school who is an AD/HD student or likely to have AD/HD. Based on th...
Activity 3 <ul><li>There are three main subtypes of AD/HD: </li></ul><ul><li>1) Predominantly inattentive type </li></ul><...
Activity 4 <ul><li>Read the “10 Things Teens with ADHD Want Their Teachers to Know” carefully and see how much you know ab...
Activity 5 <ul><li>Watch the video “Understanding Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders” carefully and try to identify...
Activity 5 <ul><li>Watch the video “Understanding Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders” carefully and try to identify...
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ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)

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  • Also, not many children with autism live independently after reaching adulthood, though some become successful.
  • ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)

    1. 1. Professional Development Course on Catering for Diversity in English Language Teaching ENG5315 The Characteristics of Diversity Session 4 Understanding ADHD: Characteristics and impacts upon language learning and behaviour Prepared by Ruby Yang, Department of English, The Hong Kong Institute of Education
    2. 2. What is ADHD? <ul><li>Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>A neurological disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with inattention , and, in many cases, impulsivity and hyperactivity </li></ul>
    3. 3. Diagnosis of ADHD <ul><li>Persistence </li></ul><ul><li>An individual must have exhibited either symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity as listed in DSM-IV for a period of at least six months. </li></ul><ul><li>Pervasiveness </li></ul><ul><li>The symptoms must be present in two or more situations (e.g. school, home, etc.) </li></ul>
    4. 4. Diagnosis of ADHD <ul><li>Severity </li></ul><ul><li>The symptoms presented must be serious enough to cause clinically significant impairment in social or academic functioning. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Subtypes of ADHD <ul><li>American Psychiatric Association’s DSM IV </li></ul><ul><li>Two categories: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inattention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hyperactivity-impulsivity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Three subtypes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Combined subtype ( most children with ADHD have the combined type ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predominantly inattentive subtype </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predominantly hyperactive impulsive subtype </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Combined subtype <ul><li>Don’t pay attention well to lessons or individual tasks (particularly repetitive, uninteresting ones) </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t seem to focus or stay quiet </li></ul><ul><li>Fail to start work </li></ul><ul><li>Easily frustrated and bored </li></ul><ul><li>Want to switch activities too often </li></ul><ul><li>Overly active </li></ul>
    7. 7. Combined subtype <ul><li>Too talkative </li></ul><ul><li>Class clown </li></ul><ul><li>Want peer attention </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t adhere to rules </li></ul><ul><li>Noisy and disruptive </li></ul><ul><li>Interrupt and call out in class without raising hand </li></ul><ul><li>Rejected by peers who find their behaviour to be annoying </li></ul>
    8. 8. Predominantly inattentive subtype (ADD) <ul><li>Have problems with attention but not hyperactivity or impulsivity </li></ul><ul><li>Extremely inattentive but capable of attending to things that appeal to their interests or when performing highly enjoyable activities e.g. playing video games </li></ul><ul><li>Easily distracted by external stimuli or their own thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Underactive </li></ul>
    9. 9. Predominantly inattentive subtype (ADD) <ul><li>Unable to stay focused for long on a task </li></ul><ul><li>Spend inordinate amounts of time daydreaming </li></ul><ul><li>Often quiet and go unnoticed in a classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty concentrating and controlling their streams of thought </li></ul>
    10. 10. Predominantly inattentive subtype (ADD) <ul><li>Need close supervision to get through a task </li></ul><ul><li>ADHD children do well in one-on-one situations. </li></ul><ul><li>It takes a lot of effort for them to shift their attention from one thing to another </li></ul><ul><li>Low self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>High risk for academic failure </li></ul>
    11. 11. Predominantly hyperactive impulsive subtype <ul><li>Overly active and impulsive </li></ul><ul><li>Impulsivity: inability to regulate emotions and behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>The impulsive student may drop pens and leave homework and classwork everywhere </li></ul><ul><li>No signs of inattention </li></ul>
    12. 12. Key facts of ADHD Hyperactivity often diminishes by puberty. However, inattentiveness and impulsivity remain. 70-80% of children with ADHD have persistent difficulties into adulthood. ADHD and dyslexia co-occur in 30-50% of cases.
    13. 13. Useful websites about ADHD <ul><li>Attention Deficit Disorder Association (Articles) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.add.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.chadd.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>LD Online </li></ul><ul><li>http://ldonline.org/ </li></ul>
    14. 14. Activity 1 - Sharing <ul><li>How do you react to the AD/HD students? Share with other participants in terms of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>your personal perception towards AD/HD students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>problems the AD/HD students might create for the teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How many students in your class/school are AD/HD students or likely to have AD/HD? </li></ul>
    15. 15. Activity 2 <ul><li>Think about a student in your class/school who is an AD/HD student or likely to have AD/HD. Based on the “Criteria for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder”, see how many symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity the student has. Are his/her problems persistent and pervasive? </li></ul>
    16. 16. Activity 3 <ul><li>There are three main subtypes of AD/HD: </li></ul><ul><li>1) Predominantly inattentive type </li></ul><ul><li>2) Predominantly hyperactive /impulsive type </li></ul><ul><li>3) Combined type </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the symptoms of Horace and Ingrid, try to identify the subtype of AD/HD each of them has. </li></ul>
    17. 17. Activity 4 <ul><li>Read the “10 Things Teens with ADHD Want Their Teachers to Know” carefully and see how much you know about your AD/HD students. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Activity 5 <ul><li>Watch the video “Understanding Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders” carefully and try to identify the three major characteristics of behaviours of AD/HD children. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Activity 5 <ul><li>Watch the video “Understanding Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders” carefully and try to identify the three major characteristics of behaviours of AD/HD children. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easily distracted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impulsive </li></ul></ul>

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