Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Uncovering the Voices of API Women on Sex Selection, Gender Preference & Self-Esteem
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Uncovering the Voices of API Women on Sex Selection, Gender Preference & Self-Esteem

287
views

Published on

Presented research findings at the University of California, Irvine's Voice & Visibility: API Women's Health Summit. Irvine, CA. May 15, 2011.

Presented research findings at the University of California, Irvine's Voice & Visibility: API Women's Health Summit. Irvine, CA. May 15, 2011.


0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
287
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program UNCOVERING THE VOICES OF API WOMEN ON SEX SELECTION, GENDER PREFERENCE & SELF-ESTEEM Voice & Visibility: API Women’s Health Summit May 18, 2011 Irvine, CaliforniaSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 2. Presenters Jedrek Chua University of California, Irvine Public Health Policy & Urban Studies Christine Lee University of California, Irvine Biological Sciences & Anthropology Allison Nguyen University of California, Irvine Public Health Policy & Business Economics Denise Tran University of California, Irvine Public Health SciencesSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 3. CYWC QUANTITATIVE STUDY FINDINGS Methods & Demographics Sex SelectionSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 4. METHODS & DEMOGRAPHICSSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 5. Methods Online survey conducted through SurveyMonkey Random sampling of 5000 full-time undergraduate females, 18-25 years of age Final sample size: N=1100 Questions included topics on: Demographics Contraceptive choice Association with Religion Views on abortion Sex Education Sex selection Sexual history Reproductive TechnologySunday, May 15, 2011
  • 6. Demographic African American Characteristics of our Latina/Chicana Sample Population 2% 14% API 50% White 22% 20% 15% 13% 10% Multi-Racial 5% 0% Chinese Vietnamese Filipina Korean South AsianSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 7. Religious Affiliation of UC Irvine Campus 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Catholicism Christianity Buddhism Islam Hinduism Judaism OtherSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 8. SEX SELECTIONSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 9. Poll Do you believe boys are valued more in Asian families?Sunday, May 15, 2011
  • 10. What is Sex Selection?Sunday, May 15, 2011
  • 11. Sunday, May 15, 2011
  • 12. Boys & Girls are Valued Equally 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Agree* Neutral Disagree* Agree*: Strongly Agree & Agree Disagree*: Strongly Disagree & DisagreeSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 13. Who are more valued? 60% 60% 45% 45% 30% 30% 15% 24% 15% 9% 0% 0% Disagree* Neutral Agree* Disagree* Neutral Agree* Boys more valued Girls more valued than Girls than Boys Agree*: Strongly Agree & Agree Disagree*: Strongly Disagree & DisagreeSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 14. “All things considered, I believe that I, as a woman, have as much opportunity as a man” 100% 75% 50% 25% 0% Disagree* Neutral Agree* Agree*: Strongly Agree & Agree Disagree*: Strongly Disagree & DisagreeSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 15. Sex Choice of First-Born Child 40% 30% 20% 31% 10% 14% 0% Boy Girl Do Not Not Sure No Children Care PlannedSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 16. Sex Choice if Only Child 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Boy Girl Do Not Care Not SureSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 17. Sex Selection Reinforces Sexist Notions 50% 37.5% 25% 47% 12.5% 20% 0% Disagree* Neutral Agree* Agree*: Strongly Agree & Agree Disagree*: Strongly Disagree & DisagreeSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 18. “Do you know people in your family or communities who have used some sort of technology, including abortion, to have a child of a specific sex?” 80% 60% 40% 20% 7% 0% Yes No Not SureSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 19. Sunday, May 15, 2011
  • 20. CYWC QUALITATIVE STUDY FINDINGS (UROP) Introduction to UROP Qualitative Methods Findings ConclusionSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 21. INTRODUCTION TO UROPSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 22. Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP) How Sex Selection & Gender Preference Affects Asian American Women’s Self-Esteem & Self-Perception Allison Nguyen Christine Lee Jedrek Chua Denise TranSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 23. Hypothesis We propose that sex selection and gender preference has an adverse impact on the self-esteem and self-perception of Asian American women.Sunday, May 15, 2011
  • 24. Qualitative Methods 2 Focus Group Discussions [N=19] Female Group [N=12] Male Group [N=7] Focus Group Included: Pre-focus group questionnaire Warm-up questions Focus group discussion questions Reflection unintended consequence :)Sunday, May 15, 2011
  • 25. Focus Group Discussion Questions How Sex Selection & Gender Preference Affects Self-Esteem How Sex Selection & Gender Preference Affects Self-Perception How Self-Esteem Affects Educational Opportunities & Career Paths Attitudes on Gender Roles and Familial ResponsibilitiesSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 26. Data Analysis Transcribed both sets of focus group audio recordings Generated transcripts totaling about 50 pages Coded and created themes Tabulated pre-focus group questionnaires Discussed & interpreted emerging themesSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 27. Findings Attitudes on gender roles and How self-esteem affects familial responsibilities educational opportunities & career paths ♂ Privileged in job-related opportunities compared to ♀ Desire to be male for greater women freedom ♀ Get married, have families ♀ Need for push from parents ♂ Men to protect women ♀ Need for jobs with financial security ♀ Family life given priority ♂ Jobs first, families later ♀ Gender-based choresSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 28. Findings Familial Responsibilities Expectations placed on older child Educational Expectations Emphasis placed on younger childSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 29. Conclusion Parental Encouragement & Guidance Careers with Financial Stability Familial Responsibilities vs. Educational AchievementSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 30. Conclusion Limitations Ethnic Composition of Focus Groups Follow-Up Questions Generation Gap and Acculturation Retherford and Roy (2003) Having open and honest discussion Recruitment Asian CharacteristicsSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 31. MOCK FOCUS GROUP ACTIVITYSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 32. Mock Focus Group 1. What were some cultural expectations in your family?Sunday, May 15, 2011
  • 33. Mock Focus Group 2. Did you ever feel any pressure from your parents to choose a specific major?Sunday, May 15, 2011
  • 34. Mock Focus Group 3. Have you ever felt your gender dictated your choice of major?Sunday, May 15, 2011
  • 35. Mock Focus Group 4. How do your familial responsibilities differ from that of your sibling(s)?Sunday, May 15, 2011
  • 36. Mock Focus Group 5. Are girls and boys VALUED equally within your family?Sunday, May 15, 2011
  • 37. Mock Focus Group 6. Do you think you would have more opportunities if you were of the opposite gender?Sunday, May 15, 2011
  • 38. Mock Focus Group 7. If given a choice, would you like your first born child to be: A boy A girl Do not care Not sure I am not planning to have childrenSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 39. Mock Focus Group 8. If, for whatever reason, you could not have more than one child, what sex would you wish for your only child to be? A boy A girl Do not care Not sureSunday, May 15, 2011
  • 40. THANK YOU! :)Sunday, May 15, 2011