Engaging Students in Community-Based Participatory Research, Leadership & Activism

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Presented research findings at California API Policy Summit 2011, Sacramento, CA. May 2, 2011.

Presented research findings at California API Policy Summit 2011, Sacramento, CA. May 2, 2011.

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  • 1. Asian American Women’s Public Health: ENGAGING STUDENTS IN COMMUNITY BASED PARTICIPATORY RESEARCH, LEADERSHIP & ACTIVISM California API Policy Summit 2011 May 2, 2011 Sacramento, CaliforniaWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 2. Presenters Paula Noche University of California, Irvine Public Health Policy & Medical Anthropology Minor Melissa Chang University of California, Irvine Biological Sciences Jedrek Chua University of California, Irvine Public Health Policy & Urban Studies Christine Lee University of California, Irvine Biological Sciences & AnthropologyWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 3. Presenters Allison Nguyen University of California, Irvine Public Health Policy & Business Economics Denise Tran University of California, Irvine Public Health Sciences Nina Nguyen California State University, Fu"erton Biological Sciences National Asian Pacific American Women’s Forum Teaching AssistantWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 4. Introduction Session Objectives: Describe the process of developing a campus-community partnership. Increase Summit participants’ knowledge and awareness around API women’s sexual & reproductive health issues. Discuss ways in which community leaders can reach out to young adults to increase civic engagement and become advocates for the API community. Discuss the use of social media platforms of the Millennial Generation and how community organizations can use such methods to connect to this population.Wednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 5. OVERVIEW OF NAPAWF & CYWCWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 6. NAPAWF [ National Asian Pacific American Women’s Forum ] The only national, multi- issue Asian and Pacific Islander (API) women’s organization in the country. NAPAWF’s mission is to build a movement to advance social justice and human rights for API women and girls.Wednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 7. Why do we need this Project? Native Americans Hispanic 4% Funding dedicated to 18% White API communities: 35% Federal health research grants (1986-2000): 0.2% African American Top 20 U.S. foundations 41% API (2004): 0.4% 2% Sexual Health ArticlesWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 8. The California Young Women’s Collaborative (CYWC) - Objectives Conduct research projects on college campuses Launch campaigns to educate the community Help to facilitate student empowerment Document and share innovationsWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 9. CYWC Cohorts (2006-Current)Wednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 10. Benefits of Campus- Community Partnership Campus Community Research Expertise Relevant community issues Bringing reproductive justice issues to Classroom/theory-based learning campus Institutional support (e.g. IRB Approval) Community exposure & support Access to National NAPAWF Access to young adults community partners Workforce pipeline Hands-on, applied social activism Funding & Resources Funding & ResourcesWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 11. UC Irvine CampusWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 12. Total Ethnic Composition at UC Irvine 60% 45% 30% 15% 0% API White Hispanic African AmericanWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 13. Most Concentrated API Ethnic Groups at UC Irvine 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Chinese Vietnamese Filipina Korean Asian Indian Japanese Pacific IslanderWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 14. CYWC UC Irvine Cohort ! .:. 2010-2011 .:.Wednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 15. UC Irvine CohortWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 16. CYWC QUANTITATIVE STUDY FINDINGS Methods & Demographics Sex Education in the API Community Views on Abortion Sex SelectionWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 17. METHODS & DEMOGRAPHICSWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 18. Methods Online survey conducted through SurveyMonkey Random sampling of 5000 full-time undergraduate females, 18-25 years of age Final sample size: N=1100 Questions included topics on: Demographics Contraceptive choice Association with Religion Views on abortion Sex Education Sex selection Sexual history Reproductive TechnologyWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 19. Demographic African American Characteristics of our Latina/Chicana Sample Population 2% 14% API 50% White 22% 20% 15% 13% 10% Multi-Racial 5% 0% Chinese Vietnamese Filipina Korean South AsianWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 20. Sample Demographics: 60% 45% Age 30% 100% 80% 15% 60% 0% Not Dating, Dating, In a Committed 40% Not Committed Not Committed Relationship 20% Relationship Status 0% 18-20 21-25Wednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 21. Religious Affiliation of UC Irvine Campus 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Catholicism Christianity Buddhism Islam Hinduism Judaism OtherWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 22. IN THE API COMMUNITYWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 23. Wednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 24. How Did UC Irvine Students Receive Sex Education? 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Society* School (K-16) Health Care Provider Family Signifcant Other *Society includes media & (iendsWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 25. Sex Education Among API Subgroups 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% School (K-16) Society* Family Health Care Provider Significant Other *Society includes media & (iendsWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 26. Source of Sexual Education & Use of Birth Control in the Last 3 Months 60% Source of Sexual Education Influence of Actual Utilization 45% 30% 15% 0% Health Care Providers Society* *Society includes media & (iendsWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 27. VIEWS ONWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 28. Attitudes on Abortion by Ethnicity 75 60 45 30 15 0 Latina/Chicana API White Multi-Racial Conservative* Liberal* *Conservative: Not Legal Under Any Circumstances & Legal Under Certain Circumstances *Liberal: Legal Under Any Circumstances & Legal in the first trimester of pregnancyWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 29. Attitudes on Abortion among Select API Subgroups 75 60 45 30 15 0 Korean Filipina Chinese Vietnamese South Asian Conservative* Liberal* *Conservative: Not Legal Under Any Circumstances & Legal Under Certain Circumstances *Liberal: Legal Under Any Circumstances & Legal in the first trimester of pregnancyWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 30. Association of Religion with Abortion Views 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% Associated with Religion Not Associated with Religion Conservative Liberal *Conservative: Not Legal Under Any Circumstances & Legal Under Certain Circumstances *Liberal: Legal Under Any Circumstances & Legal in the first trimester of pregnancyWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 31. SEX SELECTIONWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 32. What is Sex Selection?Wednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 33. Wednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 34. Boys & Girls are Valued Equally 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Agree* Neutral Disagree* Agree*: Strongly Agree & Agree Disagree*: Strongly Disagree & DisagreeWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 35. Who are more valued? 60% 60% 45% 45% 30% 30% 15% 24% 15% 9% 0% 0% Disagree* Neutral Agree* Disagree* Neutral Agree* Boys more valued Girls more valued than Girls than Boys Agree*: Strongly Agree & Agree Disagree*: Strongly Disagree & DisagreeWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 36. “All things considered, I believe that I, as a woman, have as much opportunity as a man” 100% 75% 50% 25% 0% Disagree* Neutral Agree* Agree*: Strongly Agree & Agree Disagree*: Strongly Disagree & DisagreeWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 37. Sex Choice of First-Born Child 40% 30% 20% 31% 10% 14% 0% Boy Girl Do Not Not Sure No Children Care PlannedWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 38. Sex Choice if Only Child 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Boy Girl Do Not Care Not SureWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 39. Wednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 40. Sex Selection Reinforces Sexist Notions 50% 37.5% 25% 47% 12.5% 20% 0% Disagree* Neutral Agree* Agree*: Strongly Agree & Agree Disagree*: Strongly Disagree & DisagreeWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 41. “Do you know people in your family or communities who have used some sort of technology, including abortion, to have a child of a specific sex?” 80% 60% 40% 20% 7% 0% Yes No Not SureWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 42. CYWC QUALITATIVE STUDY FINDINGS (UROP) Introduction to UROP Qualitative Methods Findings Policy Implications & RecommendationsWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 43. INTRODUCTION TO UROPWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 44. Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP) How Sex Selection & Gender Preference Affects Asian American Women’s Self-Esteem & Self-Perception Allison Nguyen Christine Lee Jedrek Chua Denise TranWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 45. QUALITATIVE METHODSWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 46. Qualitative Methods 2 Focus Group Discussions [N=20] Female Group [N=13] Male Group [N=7] Focus Group Included: Pre-focus group questionnaire Warm-up questions Focus group discussion questions Reflection unintended consequence :)Wednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 47. Focus Group Discussion Questions How Sex Selection & Gender Preference Affects Self-Esteem How Sex Selection & Gender Preference Affects Self-Perception How Self-Esteem Affects Educational Opportunities & Career Paths Attitudes on Gender Roles and Familial ResponsibilitiesWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 48. Data Analysis Transcribed both sets of focus group audio recordings Generated transcripts totaling about 50 pages Coded and created themes Tabulated pre-focus group questionnaires Discussed & interpreted emerging themesWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 49. FINDINGSWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 50. Findings How self-esteem affects Attitudes on gender roles and educational opportunities & familial responsibilities career paths ♂ Privileged compared to ♀ Desire to be male for greater women in jobs freedom ♀ Get married, have families ♀ Need for push from parents ♂ Men to protect women ♀ Need for jobs with financial security ♀ Family life given priority ♂ Jobs first, families later ♀ Gender-based choresWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 51. POLICY IMPLICATIONS & RECOMMENDATIONWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 52. Policy Implications Translating & Research Practice Disseminating Community-Based Participatory Research Model Disseminate research relevant to us Connect students and community leaders Increase civic engagement Advance NAPAWF’s Mission UCI’s 4 PillarsWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 53. Policy Recommendations Improve data collection Inclusive Disaggregate Create a narrativeWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 54. LEADERSHIP & ACTIVISMWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 55. Leadership & Activism Launch campaigns to educate the community Help facilitate student empowerment Document and share innovationsWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 56. May Day Rally May 1, 2011Wednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 57. Social Action RetreatWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 58. “Voice & Visibility” API Women’s Health SummitWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 59. Upcoming Events Brown Bag Luncheon with the Health Education Center NAPAWF Board WebinarWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 60. Disseminating Our Data Developing factsheetsWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 61. Factsheet Videos http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZjaE6dczmRsWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 62. Pause for Cause UCI 2011Wednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 63. Pause for Cause UCI 2011Wednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 64. Civic Participation Legislative Visit with Congresswoman Judy Chu, Chair of the Congressional APA Caucus, April 2011Wednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 65. CYWC UCI TumblrWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 66. Department of Asian American Studies BlogWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 67. NAPAWFWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 68. Skills Building Stations [1] How do you engage college students to advance your organizations’ social causes? [2] Social media platforms for the Millennial Generation [3] “Let’s talk about sex”: Creating a safe spaceWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 69. Introduction Session Objectives: Describe the process of developing a campus-community partnership. Increase Summit participants’ knowledge and awareness around API women’s sexual & reproductive health issues. Discuss ways in which community leaders can reach out to young adults to increase civic engagement and become advocates for the API community. Discuss the use of social media platforms of the Millennial Generation and how community organizations can use such methods to connect to this population.Wednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 70. Skills Building Stations [1] How do you engage college students to advance your organizations’ social causes? [2] Social media platforms for the Millennial Generation [3] “Let’s talk about sex”: Creating a safe spaceWednesday, February 15, 2012
  • 71. THANK YOU! :)Wednesday, February 15, 2012