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Mathis fun linear equations notes
 

Mathis fun linear equations notes

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    Mathis fun linear equations notes Mathis fun linear equations notes Document Transcript

    • Linear Equations A linear equation is an equation for a straight line These are all linear equations: y = 2x+1 5x = 6+3y y/2 = 3 - xLet us look more closely at one example: Example: y = 2x+1 is a linear equation: The graph of y = 2x+1 is a straight line When x increases, y increases twice as fast, hence 2x When x is 0, y is already 1. Hence +1 is also needed So: y = 2x + 1 Here are some example values: x y = 2x + 1 -1 y = 2 × (-1) + 1 = -1 0 y=2×0+1=1 1 y=2×1+1=3 2 y=2×2+1=5 Check for yourself that those points are part of the line above!Different FormsThere are many ways of writing linear equations, but they usually have constants (like "2" or "c") and musthave simple variables (like "x" or "y"). Examples: These are linear equations: y = 3x - 6 y - 2 = 3(x + 1) y + 2x - 2 = 0 5x = 6 y/2 = 3
    • But the variables in Linear Equations do NOT have: Exponents (like the 2 in x2) Square roots, cube roots, etc Examples: These are NOT linear equations: y2 - 2 = 0 3√x - y = 6 x3/2 = 16Slope-Intercept FormThe most common form is the slope-intercept equation of a straight line: Slope (or Gradient) Y Intercept Example: y = 2x + 1 (Our example from the top, which is in Slope-Intercept form) Slope: m = 2 Intercept: b = 1 Play With It ! You can see the effect of different values of m and b at Explore the Straight Line GraphPoint-Slope FormAnother common one is the Point-Slope Form of the equation of a straight line: y - y1 = m(x - x1) Example: y - 3 = ¼(x - 2)
    • x1 = 2 y1 = 3 m=¼General FormAnd there is also the General Form of the equation of a straight line: Ax + By + C = 0 (A and B cannot both be 0) Example: 3x + 2y - 4 = 0 A=3 B=2 C = -4There are other, less common forms as well.As a FunctionSometimes a linear equation is written as a function, with f(x) instead of y: y = 2x - 3 f(x) = 2x - 3 These are the same!And functions are not always written using f(x): y = 2x - 3 w(u) = 2u - 3 h(z) = 2z - 3 These are also the same!The Identity FunctionThere is a special linear function called the "Identity Function": f(x) = xAnd here is its graph:
    • It makes a 45° (its slope is 1)It is called "Identity" because what comes out is identical to what goes in: In Out 0 0 5 5 -2 -2 ...etc ...etcConstant FunctionsAnother special type of linear function is the Constant Function ... it is a horizontal line: f(x) = CNo matter what value of "x", f(x) is always equal to some constant value.Using Linear EquationsYou may like to read some of the things you can do with lines: Finding the Midpoint of a Line Segment Finding Parallel and Perpendicular Lines Finding the Equation of a Line from 2 Points Question 1 Question 2 Question 3 Question 4 Question 5 Question 6
    • Question 7 Question 8 Question 9 Question 10Search :: Index :: About :: Contact :: Contribute :: Cite This Page :: Privacy Copyright © 2012 MathsIsFun.com