16th President of the United States 5 Dollar Bill U.S.A. USDA was formed in 1862 and given Cabinet Status Lincoln Memorial Monument
Federal Legislation Morrill Land-Grant Acts Morrill Act of 1862 allowed for the creation of land-grant colleges Federal government provided land for the establishment of land grant colleges President Lincoln Morrill Act of 1890 Federal government provided cash to states to establish a land grant college
Federal Legislation Hatch Act of 1887 Expanded the mission of the land-grant universities. (Outreach) Provided funds for experiment stations Smith-Lever Act 1914 Expanded the outreach mission to include cooperative extension A direct bridge from the university to the consumer
Federal Legislation Smith Hughes Act 1917 Promoted vocational agriculture to train people "who have entered upon or who are preparing to enter upon the work of the farm," Provided federal money to teach vocational education i.e., agricultural education in the public school An expansion of Smith-Lever-1914
Cooperative Extension Cooperative Extension Service Bringing the University to you Nationwide system funded and guided by a partnership of federal, state and local governments Delivers information to help people help themselves through the land grant university system
Cooperative Extension Mission Enable people to improve their lives and communities through learning partnerships that put knowledge to work. Based upon local needs and within the contest of societal trends i.e., sustainability, profitability, community vitality and individual and family well being.
Selected Characteristics of Cooperative Extension The federal, state, and local governments cooperatively share in its financial support and program direction.
Selected Characteristics of Cooperative Extension It provides practical, problem-oriented education for people of all ages. Disseminates the knowledge of the university to people who do not or cannot participate in the formal classroom instruction of the university.
Selected Characteristics of Cooperative Extension More than a million volunteers help multiply the impact of the Extension professional staff. The Extension staff educates people through personal contacts, meetings, demonstrations, and the mass media.
Summary Today, the cooperative extension system and its land-grant college and experiment station partners fulfill a tripartite mission of teaching, research, and service, and represent what is widely believed to be the most successful educational innovation in the world. (Phipps, L. J., Osborne, E. W., Dyer, J. E., & Ball, A. (2008). Handbook on agricultural education in public schools (3rd ed.). Clifton Park, NY: Thompson Delmar Learning.)
The Land-Grant Mission OSU Teaching Outreach Research