Sources of
information

March 23, 2009
IST 561
Denise A. Garofalo
Overview

 Discuss lab 6
 Online research
   Tools
   Strategies
 Information resource sources
Lab experiences
Online Research Tools
Search Engines
               Web-based program that allows users to submit key term
               ...
Online Research Tools (cont’d…)
Search Engines misc. (cont’d…)
  .
                           Customizable Web pages conso...
Online Research Tools (cont’d…)

Search Engines (cont’d…)
    Pros and Cons
      searches a large number of sites, someti...
Online Research Tools (cont’d…)
                             A search tool that contains a list of topics that can
Directo...
Online Research Tools (cont’d…)
Subject-Specific Search Engines & Directory Outlines
          Search interface that emerg...
Online Research Tools (cont’d…)

 Searching for Jobs
   Job boards and job search engines
   Examples: http://www.jobbanki...
General Reference List of…
Searching Strategies

Initiating a search
  Pick the right tool for the job
  Pick good keywords--don’t be lazy
  Phrase y...
Finding Software

 Software Review Sites <reviews.cnet.com/software/>
      Sites detailing how specific software function...
Open Source Licensing
  Programs are written in code such as C++ or Java
  Open Source

         Source code is available ...
Watching search engines

 SearchEngineWatch
   http://searchenginewatch.com
 Search Engine Showdown
   http://www.searchen...
Searching
 Guide to effective searching of the
 Internet
   http://brightplanet.com/component/content/article/1
   12.html...
Questions?
General Reference Sources

 Almanacs
 Dictionaries
 Encyclopedias
General Reference Sites
 Infoplease
   http://www.infoplease.com/
 FactMonster
   http://www.factmonster.com/
 American He...
Other general resources

 Homework
 News
 Quotations
 Writing papers
 Telephone directories
Other general resource sites
 KidInfo
   http://www.kidinfo.com/SchoolSubjects.html
 HeadlineSpot
   http://headlinespot.c...
More specialty resources

 Cars
 Home repair
 Sports
 Travel
 Entertainment
Specialty resource examples
 Kelley Blue Book
   http://www.kbb.com/
 Handyman USA
   http://www.handymanusa.com/
 Yahoo s...
Other Resource Examples

 Find-a-Grave

 TerraServer

 LifeLines

 HomeTownFreePress
More Specific Examples

 Sports Network

 Weather Underground

 Parenting

 Instrument Encyclopedia
Specific topical resources
 Law
   http://www.lectlaw.com/files/fun19.htm
   http://www.lectlaw.com/files/fun12.htm
   htt...
Specific Topical Resources

 Job and Career Information




                                   !

   http://www.volunteer....
Consumer Medical Sources

 As with legal topics
   Provide patron the resource not advice
   Librarians aren’t doctors; do...
Sources for Consumer Health

 Health A to Z
   http://www.healthatoz.com/
 Consumer health
   http://www.consumer.gov/heal...
Business Resources

 For public libraries, highlighting these
 can help bring support from business
 community
 For academ...
Sources for Business Resources

  SBA
    http://app1.sba.gov/hotlist/default.cfm
  Business Resources
    http://www.educ...
Other resources

 Many other subject areas
 What a library needs to gather
 depends on users’ needs
 Can organize with
 bo...
Sources for Other Resources

 InfoMine
   http://infomine.ucr.edu/
 Intute
   http://www.intute.ac.uk/
 Direct Search
   h...
Other Sources

Best Info on the Net
  http://library.sau.edu/bestinfo/
Newsroom Navigator
  http://topics.nytimes.com/top/...
Questions?
Lab
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IST 561 Spring 2007--Session7, Sources of Information

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Presentation provides a brief overview of Internet searching, Boolean operators, and internet resources of use to libraries in providing reference services.

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IST 561 Spring 2007--Session7, Sources of Information

  1. 1. Sources of information March 23, 2009 IST 561 Denise A. Garofalo
  2. 2. Overview Discuss lab 6 Online research Tools Strategies Information resource sources
  3. 3. Lab experiences
  4. 4. Online Research Tools Search Engines Web-based program that allows users to submit key term requests to an online database Ex: www.altavista.com, www.google.com www.yahoo.com Click “search” or “submit” or hit “enter” Results listed in decreasing relevance Choosing Keywords phrases need double quotes (“) to refine search combine multiple keywords Advanced Search Features help refine searches by file type, Boolean operations, file creation date etc
  5. 5. Online Research Tools (cont’d…) Search Engines misc. (cont’d…) . Customizable Web pages consolidating features portals such as: email, news, calendar etc. Computer programs used by search engines knowbots and designed to crawl from one Web page to another through links on each Web page, gathering keywords or whole pages as they go. site notification A method of submitting your Web site or Web page to a search engine so that it will be recorded in its database
  6. 6. Online Research Tools (cont’d…) Search Engines (cont’d…) Pros and Cons searches a large number of sites, sometimes too many web designers must identify their own data keywords and description metatags HTML/XHTML tags used to identify the potential contents of a page for search engines http://www.submitcorner.com/Guide/Meta/keywords.shtml
  7. 7. Online Research Tools (cont’d…) A search tool that contains a list of topics that can Directory Outlines be browsed and searched ranging from general to specific Web pages are indexed by humans Bibliographic Databases Reference collections to research materials such as journals and books Often a fee involved, but libraries pay for access Pros – give quality academic resources, can be full text Cons-- rely on humans for indexing, may be out of date Site-Specific Search Engines and Site-Maps Search only the data on a Web site Outlines of a site’s layout Pros and Cons results are limited but specific
  8. 8. Online Research Tools (cont’d…) Subject-Specific Search Engines & Directory Outlines Search interface that emerged in 1996 that seek out the data stored on many different Web sites about a particular topic or theme Pros good for specific data Cons may not be as comprehensive as advertised Metasearch Engines Meta-engines, search engines that submit a key-term to several search engines, consolidating the results. Pros and Cons simple searches are effective, complicated ones may not be only produces the top 5% to 15% from each search engine can be untimely but are good for preliminary searches Topic Rings Webring. One in a series of Web sites with a common theme Generally are not searchable but helpful for browsing http://dir.webring.com/rw
  9. 9. Online Research Tools (cont’d…) Searching for Jobs Job boards and job search engines Examples: http://www.jobbankinfo.org/, http://www.jobs.com, http://www.dice.com Searching for People Email addresses http://www.emailfinder.com Mailing addresses / white pages http://www.whitepages.com/ Personal Information pay services that give more personal information Reverse telephone number lookup http://www.reversephonedirectory.com/
  10. 10. General Reference List of…
  11. 11. Searching Strategies Initiating a search Pick the right tool for the job Pick good keywords--don’t be lazy Phrase your questions precisely Refining a search Use Boolean operators and wildcard characters Boolean operators Terms used to manage the logical operations of the search engine AND, OR, NOT, NEAR, *, ?, #, !
  12. 12. Finding Software Software Review Sites <reviews.cnet.com/software/> Sites detailing how specific software functions Freeware <www.tucows.com> Free software programs Shareware <www.shareware.com/> Titles that allow you limited usage or usability until you purchase the full version
  13. 13. Open Source Licensing Programs are written in code such as C++ or Java Open Source Source code is available and can be modified and improved File Compression Reducing the size of a file or combining several files into one .zip or .exe WinZip http://www.winzip.com/
  14. 14. Watching search engines SearchEngineWatch http://searchenginewatch.com Search Engine Showdown http://www.searchengineshowdown.com/ Web Search Guide http://www.websearchguide.ca/ WebSerch http://www.clubi.ie/webserch/
  15. 15. Searching Guide to effective searching of the Internet http://brightplanet.com/component/content/article/1 12.html Better Googling http://www.sreetips.com/google.html Soople http://soople.com/ Internet Searching Tools http://hanlib.sou.edu/searchtools/
  16. 16. Questions?
  17. 17. General Reference Sources Almanacs Dictionaries Encyclopedias
  18. 18. General Reference Sites Infoplease http://www.infoplease.com/ FactMonster http://www.factmonster.com/ American Heritage Dictionary (4th ed) http://www.bartleby.com/61/ Merriam-Webster collegiate dictionary http://www.m-w.com/ Columbia Encyclopedia (6th ed.) http://www.bartleby.com/65/
  19. 19. Other general resources Homework News Quotations Writing papers Telephone directories
  20. 20. Other general resource sites KidInfo http://www.kidinfo.com/SchoolSubjects.html HeadlineSpot http://headlinespot.com/ Quotations page http://www.theotherpages.org/quote.html A+ http://www.ipl.org/div/aplus/ 411.com http://www.411.com
  21. 21. More specialty resources Cars Home repair Sports Travel Entertainment
  22. 22. Specialty resource examples Kelley Blue Book http://www.kbb.com/ Handyman USA http://www.handymanusa.com/ Yahoo sports http://dir.yahoo.com/recreation/sports/ Lonely Planet http://www.lonelyplanet.com/ Yahoo entertainment http://entertainment.yahoo.com/
  23. 23. Other Resource Examples Find-a-Grave TerraServer LifeLines HomeTownFreePress
  24. 24. More Specific Examples Sports Network Weather Underground Parenting Instrument Encyclopedia
  25. 25. Specific topical resources Law http://www.lectlaw.com/files/fun19.htm http://www.lectlaw.com/files/fun12.htm http://overlawyered.com/archives/cat_tech. html http://www.stellaawards.com/ http://www.dmoz.org/Society/Law/Legal_In formation/ http://lii.org/pub/htdocs/search?search=law ;action=show;searchtype=keywords
  26. 26. Specific Topical Resources Job and Career Information ! http://www.volunteer.gov/gov/
  27. 27. Consumer Medical Sources As with legal topics Provide patron the resource not advice Librarians aren’t doctors; don’t diagnose Abundant sources, both good and not- so-good
  28. 28. Sources for Consumer Health Health A to Z http://www.healthatoz.com/ Consumer health http://www.consumer.gov/health.ht Drug Info http://druginfo.nlm.nih.gov/drugportal/d rugportal.jsp
  29. 29. Business Resources For public libraries, highlighting these can help bring support from business community For academic and special libraries, supports the broader user community For school libraries, can help high school students and staff
  30. 30. Sources for Business Resources SBA http://app1.sba.gov/hotlist/default.cfm Business Resources http://www.educationindex.com/bus/
  31. 31. Other resources Many other subject areas What a library needs to gather depends on users’ needs Can organize with bookmarks/favorites or… http://www.mybookmarks.com/ http://www.ikeepbookmarks.com/ http://delicious.com/
  32. 32. Sources for Other Resources InfoMine http://infomine.ucr.edu/ Intute http://www.intute.ac.uk/ Direct Search http://www.freepint.com/gary/direct.htm
  33. 33. Other Sources Best Info on the Net http://library.sau.edu/bestinfo/ Newsroom Navigator http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/technology/ cybertimesnavigator/index.html Librarians’ Internet Index http://lii.org/
  34. 34. Questions?
  35. 35. Lab
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