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IST 561 Spring 2007--Session7, Sources of Information

IST 561 Spring 2007--Session7, Sources of Information



Presentation provides a brief overview of Internet searching, Boolean operators, and internet resources of use to libraries in providing reference services.

Presentation provides a brief overview of Internet searching, Boolean operators, and internet resources of use to libraries in providing reference services.



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    IST 561 Spring 2007--Session7, Sources of Information IST 561 Spring 2007--Session7, Sources of Information Presentation Transcript

    • Sources of information March 23, 2009 IST 561 Denise A. Garofalo
    • Overview Discuss lab 6 Online research Tools Strategies Information resource sources
    • Lab experiences
    • Online Research Tools Search Engines Web-based program that allows users to submit key term requests to an online database Ex: www.altavista.com, www.google.com www.yahoo.com Click “search” or “submit” or hit “enter” Results listed in decreasing relevance Choosing Keywords phrases need double quotes (“) to refine search combine multiple keywords Advanced Search Features help refine searches by file type, Boolean operations, file creation date etc
    • Online Research Tools (cont’d…) Search Engines misc. (cont’d…) . Customizable Web pages consolidating features portals such as: email, news, calendar etc. Computer programs used by search engines knowbots and designed to crawl from one Web page to another through links on each Web page, gathering keywords or whole pages as they go. site notification A method of submitting your Web site or Web page to a search engine so that it will be recorded in its database
    • Online Research Tools (cont’d…) Search Engines (cont’d…) Pros and Cons searches a large number of sites, sometimes too many web designers must identify their own data keywords and description metatags HTML/XHTML tags used to identify the potential contents of a page for search engines http://www.submitcorner.com/Guide/Meta/keywords.shtml
    • Online Research Tools (cont’d…) A search tool that contains a list of topics that can Directory Outlines be browsed and searched ranging from general to specific Web pages are indexed by humans Bibliographic Databases Reference collections to research materials such as journals and books Often a fee involved, but libraries pay for access Pros – give quality academic resources, can be full text Cons-- rely on humans for indexing, may be out of date Site-Specific Search Engines and Site-Maps Search only the data on a Web site Outlines of a site’s layout Pros and Cons results are limited but specific
    • Online Research Tools (cont’d…) Subject-Specific Search Engines & Directory Outlines Search interface that emerged in 1996 that seek out the data stored on many different Web sites about a particular topic or theme Pros good for specific data Cons may not be as comprehensive as advertised Metasearch Engines Meta-engines, search engines that submit a key-term to several search engines, consolidating the results. Pros and Cons simple searches are effective, complicated ones may not be only produces the top 5% to 15% from each search engine can be untimely but are good for preliminary searches Topic Rings Webring. One in a series of Web sites with a common theme Generally are not searchable but helpful for browsing http://dir.webring.com/rw
    • Online Research Tools (cont’d…) Searching for Jobs Job boards and job search engines Examples: http://www.jobbankinfo.org/, http://www.jobs.com, http://www.dice.com Searching for People Email addresses http://www.emailfinder.com Mailing addresses / white pages http://www.whitepages.com/ Personal Information pay services that give more personal information Reverse telephone number lookup http://www.reversephonedirectory.com/
    • General Reference List of…
    • Searching Strategies Initiating a search Pick the right tool for the job Pick good keywords--don’t be lazy Phrase your questions precisely Refining a search Use Boolean operators and wildcard characters Boolean operators Terms used to manage the logical operations of the search engine AND, OR, NOT, NEAR, *, ?, #, !
    • Finding Software Software Review Sites <reviews.cnet.com/software/> Sites detailing how specific software functions Freeware <www.tucows.com> Free software programs Shareware <www.shareware.com/> Titles that allow you limited usage or usability until you purchase the full version
    • Open Source Licensing Programs are written in code such as C++ or Java Open Source Source code is available and can be modified and improved File Compression Reducing the size of a file or combining several files into one .zip or .exe WinZip http://www.winzip.com/
    • Watching search engines SearchEngineWatch http://searchenginewatch.com Search Engine Showdown http://www.searchengineshowdown.com/ Web Search Guide http://www.websearchguide.ca/ WebSerch http://www.clubi.ie/webserch/
    • Searching Guide to effective searching of the Internet http://brightplanet.com/component/content/article/1 12.html Better Googling http://www.sreetips.com/google.html Soople http://soople.com/ Internet Searching Tools http://hanlib.sou.edu/searchtools/
    • Questions?
    • General Reference Sources Almanacs Dictionaries Encyclopedias
    • General Reference Sites Infoplease http://www.infoplease.com/ FactMonster http://www.factmonster.com/ American Heritage Dictionary (4th ed) http://www.bartleby.com/61/ Merriam-Webster collegiate dictionary http://www.m-w.com/ Columbia Encyclopedia (6th ed.) http://www.bartleby.com/65/
    • Other general resources Homework News Quotations Writing papers Telephone directories
    • Other general resource sites KidInfo http://www.kidinfo.com/SchoolSubjects.html HeadlineSpot http://headlinespot.com/ Quotations page http://www.theotherpages.org/quote.html A+ http://www.ipl.org/div/aplus/ 411.com http://www.411.com
    • More specialty resources Cars Home repair Sports Travel Entertainment
    • Specialty resource examples Kelley Blue Book http://www.kbb.com/ Handyman USA http://www.handymanusa.com/ Yahoo sports http://dir.yahoo.com/recreation/sports/ Lonely Planet http://www.lonelyplanet.com/ Yahoo entertainment http://entertainment.yahoo.com/
    • Other Resource Examples Find-a-Grave TerraServer LifeLines HomeTownFreePress
    • More Specific Examples Sports Network Weather Underground Parenting Instrument Encyclopedia
    • Specific topical resources Law http://www.lectlaw.com/files/fun19.htm http://www.lectlaw.com/files/fun12.htm http://overlawyered.com/archives/cat_tech. html http://www.stellaawards.com/ http://www.dmoz.org/Society/Law/Legal_In formation/ http://lii.org/pub/htdocs/search?search=law ;action=show;searchtype=keywords
    • Specific Topical Resources Job and Career Information ! http://www.volunteer.gov/gov/
    • Consumer Medical Sources As with legal topics Provide patron the resource not advice Librarians aren’t doctors; don’t diagnose Abundant sources, both good and not- so-good
    • Sources for Consumer Health Health A to Z http://www.healthatoz.com/ Consumer health http://www.consumer.gov/health.ht Drug Info http://druginfo.nlm.nih.gov/drugportal/d rugportal.jsp
    • Business Resources For public libraries, highlighting these can help bring support from business community For academic and special libraries, supports the broader user community For school libraries, can help high school students and staff
    • Sources for Business Resources SBA http://app1.sba.gov/hotlist/default.cfm Business Resources http://www.educationindex.com/bus/
    • Other resources Many other subject areas What a library needs to gather depends on users’ needs Can organize with bookmarks/favorites or… http://www.mybookmarks.com/ http://www.ikeepbookmarks.com/ http://delicious.com/
    • Sources for Other Resources InfoMine http://infomine.ucr.edu/ Intute http://www.intute.ac.uk/ Direct Search http://www.freepint.com/gary/direct.htm
    • Other Sources Best Info on the Net http://library.sau.edu/bestinfo/ Newsroom Navigator http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/technology/ cybertimesnavigator/index.html Librarians’ Internet Index http://lii.org/
    • Questions?
    • Lab