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MARKETING COMMUNICATIONAND PUBLIC RELATIONS IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC PhDr. Denisa Kasl Kollmannová, Ph.D. Charles University in Prague
Structure of the lecture1. Short introduction to the Czech development after 19892. Who do the Czechs trust the most?3. The current state of Public Relations4. Some specifical trends in the Czech market: Innovative companies, Retro, Anti- corruption, Outdoor, Nuclear Energy
More Marketing than Marketing Communication• Overall market: stabilized, market economy, transition completed after the systém change in 1989• Besides global and international companies strong domestic brands• Practice: Sales department rule in the overall strategy of the company (55%), marketing dep. 22%, financial 14%• Globalization: strong influence of global companies• 40% of all companies is following the rules of headquarters, however 24% of them say they are very independent• Marketing Education: Economics-based marketing
Communication after Propaganda Press freedom index byStrong censorship between 1948-89 Reporters without borders 2012- Selfcensorship DNACommunistic propaganda andpersuasion- Grown through the society since early ageAfter 1989: Freedom of speech,press…- But what does it actually mean?
Development of PR after 1989Before 1989 – Rapid and Merkur: two leading state-operated PR andAdvertising agenciesChanging structure of media marketDevelopment of PR services – local agencies dominate the marketSince 1995 – Association of PR Agencies (APRA.cz)Since 2004 – Department of Marketing Communication and PR atthe Charles University in PragueSince 2006 – Czech PR Award Contest by APRA(CenaPR.cz)
Public trust in institutions Companies Global EU CZ +18 Slovakia +18 +18 Media NGO´s +18 +18Source: Edelman Trust Barometer and survey AMI Communications, 2012, informed publics
Trust in industry „Czechs believe in cars, technology and alcohol“Source: Edelman Trust Barometer a průzkum AMI Communications, 2012 informed publics Zdroj: Edelman Trust Barometer and survey AMI Communications, 2012,
Trustworthiness of information sourcesSource: Edelman Trust Barometer and survey AMI Communications, 2012, informed publics
Repetition enhances trustworthiness: Czechs need more reassurance How many times do you need to hear an information tobelieve it? EU: majority 3-5x, 25% of Czechs more than 6x Zdroj:Edelman Trust Barometer a průzkum AMI Communications, 2012Source: Edelman Trust Barometer and survey AMI Communications, 2012, informed publics
Public Relations in the Czech Republic: Current position• Aim of the research: to analyze the current state of communication professionals´ position, roles, opinions about PR, usage of PR services and agencies• Put the outcomes to the socio-historical context of CR• First academic research on PR in the Czech Republic• Focusing on the role of PR agencies• Respondents: 200 Communication professionals (no agency employees)• Commercial and non-commercial sector
Research questions• RQ1. What role does PR play in Czech companies? Is it significant or rather irrelevant?• RQ2. What position does PR hold in the company structure and what is the role of a PR/Communication manager? Does PR influence the decision-making process inside the company?• RQ3. What kind of fields is the PR department responsible for? Is it merely media communication, or other fields as well, e.g. internal communication, issues management, online communication, public affairs etc.?• RQ4. Do the companies work with PR agencies (and to which extent) or do they establish their own in-house PR departments?• RQ5. Which PR agency do the companies work with and why?
Perception of PR by Communication Professionals
Frequency of usage of PR in Czech companies and organizations
Competence and hierarchy or communication managers in CR
Responsibility of PR managers for different fields
Current Czech PR and marcomm trendsSome specifical trends in theCzech market1. Anti-corruption movement2. Innovative companies3. Retro marketing4. Outdoor lifestyle5. Nuclear Energy boost
Anti-corruption movementAnti-corruption movement: Companies and NGO´sagainst corruption (after 2009)1. NGO´s: Transparency International, Janeček´s National Fund Against Corruption, Z-Index, etc.2. Companies which declare their anti-corruption statement in image-making, PR and marketing communication: Student Agency, Bernard, Linet, Unicorn, etc.3. Anti-corruption as business plan: Corrupt Tour
NGO´s case: Karel Janeček´s Positive Evolution
ConclusionsSriramesh and Verčič (Sriramesh & Verčič, 2012: 9) state the three most significant factors that shape the public relations practice and theory in each culture1) Globalization- Apart from global Ogilvy PR, predominantly local agencies win and knowledge of local context is highly appreciated by professionals2) Changes in PR practice and pedagogy- Most of communication professionals are not educated in the PR field, they value highly PR asset to the company, but have difficulties explaining it3) Growing influence and realization of the importance of PR to contemporary societies- PR faces a big challenge in communicating and explaining its own relevance. PR agencies do not possess well-known (and presumably trusted) brands. Public knowledge of PR is low, and so is marketing- literacy
DiscussionThank you for your comments! Denisa Kasl Kollmannová email@example.com