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Vladimir Yavorskyi
Vladimir Yavorskyi
Vladimir Yavorskyi
Vladimir Yavorskyi
Vladimir Yavorskyi
Vladimir Yavorskyi
Vladimir Yavorskyi
Vladimir Yavorskyi
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Vladimir Yavorskyi

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  • 1. The transition to digital television in the context of human rights Vladimir Yavorsky   Executive Director  Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union,  www.helsinki.org.ua  
  • 2. Protec'on of vulnerable and  discrimina'on (1)   During digitalization we should take into account  protection needed for vulnerable segments of society:    poor or indigent (i.e., about 30% of the population of  Ukraine);    people with disabilities or with special needs (e.g.,   hearing or vision defect);    various social and public institutions (schools, hospitals,  etc.) 
  • 3. Protec'on of vulnerable and  discrimina'on (2)  In the UK, the following categories receive free Financial and  technical assistance from non‐proFit corporation "Digital.uk",  which is responsible for the transition to digital broadcasting,  and BBC:     ‐ people older than 75 years;      ‐ people who receive assistance because of disabilities or  who are under guardianship;     ‐ people who are in institutions under the tutelage of more  than 6 months;     ‐ people registered as blind or partially seeing people.   Government assistance to vulnerable people is also available  in other countries: USA, Germany, Australia, etc.  
  • 4. Protec'on of vulnerable and  discrimina'on (1)  Everyone should have available information on:    ­ What digital TV is?     ­ Why one should switch to digital TV?    ­ What to do to switch to digital broadcasting?     ­ Where to go for technical or Financial  assistance? 
  • 5. Protec'on of vulnerable and  discrimina'on (4)   Also, special attention should be paid to the  interface of various equipment, which should be  accessible to people with disabilities. This concerns,  most of audio description to instructions for  control, choosing a language, easy navigation,  interface personalization by increasing the font  size, voice control, etc.  
  • 6. Protec'on of vulnerable and  discrimina'on (5)   For viewers shifting to digital broadcasting means  purchasing new equipment for decoding digital signals,  consequently, they have to spend money.  In order to  avoid any form of material discrimination and the risk  of "digital divide" in different social categories of  citizens, state should use a program to reduce these  negative effects through a reduction in prices for  equipment and the provision of such equipment for free  to certain groups of people.  
  • 7. Privacy protec'on    State should take all necessary steps to protect the  privacy of citizens in the digital broadcasting, in  particular, to prohibit the illegal use of personal  information obtained through the use of  broadcasting and related online services.     In Ukraine there are no law on personal data  protection and no related legislation that does meet  the requirements of the Council of Europe.  
  • 8. Freedom of speech    question of transparency, argumentation, justice and non‐ discrimination in updating or obtaining licenses to broadcast  for television and radio companies;    issues of access to the signal distribution from TV and radio:  Who owns the means of propagation, what are the rights and  responsibilities of the entity, what are the rights and  responsibilities of television and radio in relation to this  entity;    issue of protecting local broadcasting;    ensuring pluralism and protection from monopolization of  TV radio informational environment at the national, regional  and local levels.  

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