Promoting social inclusion of older people(new)

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Promoting social inclusion of older people(new)

  1. 1. CULTURE, CARE, AND COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT: International Applications of Theory and Methods Chapter 7Promoting Social Inclusion of Older People Challenges for Policy on Ageing in AustraliaDeni Iskandar (201221264) # 人間総合科学研究科 # フロンティア医科学専攻 # 保健医療政策学分野
  2. 2. • Demographic Changes• Cultural Value Changes• The Targeted Outcome• Social Inclusion and Older People Demographic and cultural Background
  3. 3. Demographic Changes Risk of social exclusion from Age 65 and over : Culturally And Linguistically Diverse (CALD) • Increase from 13.3% to • In 2011, 23% of total elderly (66% growth 23.7% (2036) since 1996) • Older migrant • 29% live alone (2006) • 36% live outside major cities Demographic and cultural Background
  4. 4. Cultural Value Changes Related factors: • Social isolation and - Increasing dependency exclusion level • Less attention on - Support older people perception of ‘Social with financial, health, Inclusion’ social disadvantages - Risk factors: Policy action available, but coherent framework for socioeconomics, promoting social inclusion does not exist. ethnicity, rural locality, Older people’s perspectives need to be included chronic illness Demographic and cultural Background
  5. 5. The Targeted Outcome | Social inclusion as a policy approach Social inequality: Social inclusion - Not confined to economic deprivation the process by which efforts are made to ensure that everyone, - Not static and regardless of their experiences and represents both an circumstances, can achieve their outcome and array of potential in life. (UK Center for Economic and Social Inclusion, 2007) process - Conditioned by complex Shift in welfare philosophy interplay of Material deprivation >>> Social Exclusion demographic, economic, social and behavioral Demographic and cultural Background
  6. 6. The Targeted Outcome | Social inclusion as a policy approach As a policy approach, it is more than the elimination of poverty or material deprivation, it is also signifies an attempt to strive for a balance between individuals’ rights and duties and to increase social cohesion Demographic and cultural Background
  7. 7. Social Inclusion and Older People Considerations in applying Social inclusion/exclusion approach social inclusion approach: - Social exclusion is less Poverty, youth education, unemployment, fear of crime, homelessness (UK and EU) dynamic - Cumulative Specific risk faced by older people disadvantages in early 1. Further exclusion as grow older part of life increase the 2. Key life events can lead to social risk exclusion - Less mobility 3. Age discrimination - Social participation and ‘institutional disengagement’ civic engagement Demographic and cultural Background
  8. 8. • Prevention of Social Isolation Demonstration Project in Queensland • Implementing Ageing Well at The Local LevelThe Australian Context
  9. 9. The Australian Context Stage First Three Stages Fourth Stage 1. Research and analysis of current responses to social isolation through a literature The Queensland review. 2. Identification of local responses to social Cross-Government isolation through community meetings and forums and a submission process. Project to Reduce 3. Identification of innovative and effective approaches to social isolation based on the Social Isolation of research findings of phase 1 and 2. 4. Development, implementation and Older People (2001) evaluation of demonstration projects based Community development approach to on innovative approaches/leading practice create opportunities for social models. networking and interaction between 5. Dissemination of information about best older people practice models that prevent and reduce social isolation, and project finalization. Targeted outcome: prevention of social isolation http://www.communities.qld.gov.au/communityservices/seniors/cross-government-project-to-reduce-social- Identified communities: rural, regional and urban settings isolation-of-older-people/project-phases in QueenslandPrevention of Social IsolationDemonstration Project in Queensland
  10. 10. The Australian Context Stage First Three Stages Fourth Stage The Queensland Exploration of issued Cross-Government associated with social Project to Reduce isolation Social Isolation of Key factors for community intervention, response, healthy and active ageing, Older People (2001) meaningful and purposeful occupation, Community development approach to access to the community and skill create opportunities for social development networking and interaction between older people CREATION Targeted outcome: prevention of social isolation Identified communities: rural, regional and urban settings in QueenslandPrevention of Social IsolationDemonstration Project in Queensland
  11. 11. The Australian Context Stage First Three Stages Fourth Stage The Queensland Findings from the Cross-Government first three stages for Project to Reduce interventions in Social Isolation of different locations Older People (2001) Community development approach to create opportunities for social networking and interaction between older people ADAPTATION Targeted outcome: prevention of social isolation Identified communities: rural, regional and urban settings in QueenslandPrevention of Social IsolationDemonstration Project in Queensland
  12. 12. The Australian Context • Senior consulting The Queensland • Connecting Points – Connecting Cross-Government People • Culturally Appropriate Volunteer Project to Reduce Services (CAVS) Social Isolation of • Linking Seniors Social Isolation Project Older People (2001) • Steady Steps Falls Prevention Community development approach to Program create opportunities for social networking and interaction between older people ADAPTATION Targeted outcome: prevention of social isolation Identified communities: rural, regional and urban settings in QueenslandPrevention of Social IsolationDemonstration Project in Queensland
  13. 13. The Australian Context Stage 1: CREATION Stage 2: ADAPTATION Queensland Identification of factors that act as either barrier or a Government Dept. facilitator of Communities: The model, include 6 factors: Gold Coast and 1. The context 2. Characteristics of members Ipswich (2006) 3. Procedures Develop and explore collaborative approach to enhance “ageing well” 4. Structures of collaboration within Australian community 5. Purpose 6. ResourcesImplementing Ageing Well at The Local Level
  14. 14. The Australian Context Stage 1: CREATION Stage 2: ADAPTATION Queensland Used as framework for developing the Government Dept. collaboration aimed at of Communities: fostering ageing well in the Gold Coast and two target communities Ipswich (2006) Theoretical and research evidence Develop and explore collaborative base about social inclusion and social approach to enhance “ageing well” exclusion within Australian communityImplementing Ageing Well at The Local Level
  15. 15. The Australian ContextImplementing Ageing Well at The Local Level
  16. 16. Policy on ageing in Australia- Recognizes the need to address the issue of social exclusion of older people- Absence of a dedicated strategy for reducing social exclusion of older people- Less attention has been paid to how healthy ageing can be achieved at the local level
  17. 17. THANK YOU . . .

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