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Facilitating the Evolution of our Collective IQ


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Talk from Conference on Accelerating Change 2004 at Stanford University …

Talk from Conference on Accelerating Change 2004 at Stanford University

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    • 1. Facilitating the Evolution of our Collective IQ Strategically improving our capability for coping with complex, urgent, large-scale problems. Douglas C. Engelbart Accelerating-Change Conference Stanford University, 7-Nov-04
    • 2. Life-Changing Epiphany Just-engaged, 25-yr-old Country Kid, full of excited thoughts about building a family: “ Hey, but there’s also that professional career. Some big plans there, too?” (Over-does it!) Let me design a professional goal which will maximize the contribution my career can make to mankind !
    • 3. Weeks Later: Naïve Country Kid’s Lifetime Goal Emerged, and Stuck! Continuous, dedicated pursuit now for over 50 years . “ As much as possible, to boost mankind’s collective capability for coping with complex, urgent problems”
    • 4. Consider a community’s Collective IQ as its relative capability for dealing with complex, urgent problems
      • To understand them as thoroughly as possible
      • To unearth the best candidate solutions
      • To assess resources and operational capabilities and select appropriate solution commitments
      • To understand how best to organize and execute selected approaches
      • To monitor progress and adapt effectively to unforeseen complications. Etc. …
    • 5. Collective IQ: Emerged As Primary Strategic Focus CODIAK Capability Dynamic Knowledge Repository CO ncurrently D eveloping, I ntegrating, & A pplying K nowledge
    • 6. “ Capabilities” become a key, central consideration
      • … and we find very important things to observe about our capabilities:
      • Consider how they are derived;
      • And how they form an “infrastructure” that opens an important perspective to our quest for
      • significantly boosting
      • our “Collective IQ”!
    • 7. Humans’ Capabilities Depend Upon their Augmentation System Capability Infrastructure Skills Knowledge Training Basic Human Capabilities Sensory Perceptual Motor Mental (This interface is much more significant than “HCI” ) Tool System Media Portrayal Views Study Manipulations Retrieve Compute Communicate Human System Paradigms Organization Procedures Customs Methods Language Attitudes
    • 8. Purposefully pursuing accelerated evolution of mankind’s knowledge development and application capabilities is a HUGE CHALLENGE, and requires very effective strategies in applying our resources . This Augmentation Model is valid over huge scale! Individual Human Community Of Practice A Complete Country The World Operative IQ Collective IQ Collective IQ Collective IQ
    • 9. Concurrency: Scaling Up -- actually , to global scope . Aggregate DKR Intelligence Collection Recorded Dialog DKR Intell. Dialog Critical Factor: “ Concurrent” Evolution of Society’s DKRs
    • 10. Large-Scale Facilitated Evolution
      • No one can specify the design for our future capability infrastructure
        • Far too many of the possible “improvement steps” will change the design environment for other improvement candidates.
      • Have to depend upon an Evolutionary Process!
      • BUT, we CAN learn to FACILITATE this evolutionary process !
    • 11. The World’s Organizations in Human-Tool Space Representative distribution of world’s societies Anticipate-able Today Tool System Utilization Human System Development
    • 12. “ Co - Evolution Frontier” Human-Systems and Tool Systems Interactively Co-Evolving
      • Technology's quantum leaps generate accelerating rate of opportunities.
      • But, human paradigms already lag behind opportunities.
      • The scale of technology change = >
      • Paradigm changes have to be accelerated
        • Human skills, culture, governance already severely stressed
      • Critically needed:
      • Effective Facilitation of our Co-Evolution .
    • 13. Emergent Co-Evolution Frontier On a scale we can barely anticipate Outposts ? Best Routes? Where best should your organization head? … .By what route? Who else is out there?
      • We need a DKR that provides the best possible understanding of the current and projected states of this frontier.
      • Every member organization can then make its own choices about its movements into this frontier .
      Uncharted, and Changing Tool System Utilization Human System Development
    • 14. Networked Improvement Community (NIC) An Augmented Improvement Community, Using best-practice Collective-IQ Capability To improve its common-choice group capability. • Investigate & collect intelligence • Share experience of using leading-edge, collective-IQ practices. • Objective: provide best understanding of the “Co-Evolution Frontier” for augmenting this capability . Knowledge Products Intelligence Collections Networked Improvement Community (NIC) Dynamic Knowledge Repository Recorded Dialog Org 2 Org N Org 1
    • 15. Large-Scale Facilitated Evolution
      • Common Goal: Continuous Improvement of Large-Scale Collective Capabilities .
      • Networked Improvement Communities (NICs) defined around specific areas of interest
      • Prime Goal: Improve Collective IQ of NICs!
      • Organize NICs into a large-scale Improvement Infrastructure
        • for facilitating the Concurrent Evolution
        • of the associated Augmentation Systems .
    • 16. Central Strategy: Bootstrapping
      • The better we get at getting better, the better and faster we’ll get better .
      1. Currently available information about Collective IQ 2. Best DKR/knowledge about improving Collective IQ The Bootstrap Feedback Loop 3 3. NIC immediately utilizing the best Collective IQ improvement knowledge NIC for Improving Collective IQ 1 2
    • 17. Bootstrapping: Extension to Many NICs The Bootstrap Feedback Loop NIC for Improving Collective IQ NIC for Improving Capability Z . NIC for Improving Capability X
    • 18. Towards Effective Facilitation Where/How to Start our First NICs? NIC Candidates? Special Improvement Infrastructures? Government Agencies? Businesses? Professional Societies ? Universities? Philanthropic Organizations?
    • 19. The Need For An Open Hyperdocument System (OHS)
      • To support the implementation and use of DKRs
      • “ Open” - Scaleable, evolvable, interoperable across domains
      • “ Hyper” - To enhance access, maneuverability, verification, study and integration.
      • “ Document” – The Knowledge Container into which the emerging heterogeneous knowledge is captured, integrated, and managed.
      • “ System” - Provides a complete “Community Knowledge Workshop ”
      OHS - the critical missing piece
    • 20. Generalize and Extend the “Hyper” term
      • Let “Hyper” mean this:
      • “ anything that new technology can bring to the generation, storage, processing, and portrayal of symbolized knowledge.”
        • This definition provides much more than is included in current “Hypertext”.
        • E.g.: High-Resolution Addressing; Optional Viewing; Heightened Mobility; Powerful Manipulation Capabilities; etc …
    • 21. Other Framework Items:
      • Early Kickoff: a DKR about example DKRs
      • Open Hyperdocument System (OHS)
      • Launching OHS evolution: The HyperScope
      • Knowledge-Workshop Architects
      • Pedestrian Users … High-Performance Users
      • Multiple UIS Options
      • High-Performance Support Teams
      • Inevitable: Hardcopy documents become obsolete.
    • 22. Challenges for DKR Development & Use: Rationale for Building a DKR of DKR’s
      • Special sets of skills required for increasing capabilities
        • Who will provide the integration & linking of disparate information into the solid, verifiable DKR structures
      • Properties & structural principles for DKR knowledge containers will be critical part of DKR evolution
      • Dynamic, seamless integration of new data while preserving the DKR’s evolutionary history
      • Assessment and rating of the organization’s capabilities to develop and use its DKRs
      • Capability Infrastructure – support a wide range of usage capabilities, e.g. multiple user interfaces that reflect increasing levels of user expertise .
    • 23. Selected Reference Links
      • Subset of pubs that are on the Web:
      • With Special interest in Items below:
      • #3: Augmenting Human Intellect: A Conceptual Framework. Douglas C. Engelbart. 1962. 
      • #29: Toward High-Performance Organizations: A Strategic Role for Groupware. Douglas C. Engelbart. 1992.
      • #32: A Draft OHS-Project Plan (The HyperScope) Douglas C. Engelbart. 2000 .
    • 24. Argument visualization resources
      • Scholarly Ontologies Project
      Visualizing Argumentation (2003) Argument mapping for scholarly publishing, scientific and public policy debates, education, teamwork, and organisational memory .
    • 25. More Reference Links
      • Extensive general listing:
        • .
    • 26. THE END!! AC Conference Presentation Created and Presented by: Doug Engelbart