Aviation Industry

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Aviation Industry

  1. 1. INDIA INTERNATIONAL TRADE CENTER (IITC) IATA CONSULTANT LEVEL II MARCH 2013AVIATION INDUSTRY 1 Dena Alavi
  2. 2. WHAT DOES AVIATION MEAN? The Derived science from the word avis, of with the flying definition an of bird in aircraft Latin 2
  3. 3. WHAT IS AN AIRCRAFT? A machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air counters the force of gravity using either static lift or the dynamic lift 3
  4. 4. METHODS OF LIFTING AN AIRCRAFT • Depends on buoyantLighter- in air to havethan-air densities lower than that of air. • does not depend onHeavier- buoyancy for supportthan-air but gains lift from aerodynamic forces. 4
  5. 5. DIFFERENT TYPES OF AVIATION 5
  6. 6. CIVIL AVIATION Civil • All non-military flights and Aviation activities ScheduledBallooning Airline Flight Providing air Using buoyancy transport services to float in the air for passengers or 6 freight
  7. 7. GENERAL AVIATIONGeneral • All civil flights other than scheduled airlineAviation flights, both private and commercial. Private Soaring Aviation Flight of a motor- Flying not for hire less aircraft , using air currents and thermals. The pilot is not paid Aircraft owner does 7 not receive money for the flight
  8. 8. MILITARY AVIATION 8
  9. 9. HISTORY OF AVIATION . 2000 . years of . history . 9
  10. 10. PRE-RENAISSANCE Hot Air Bird FeatherBalloons, 3rd Manned Kite Glider, 1st Century century AD Rudimentary Glider, 1st Glider, 9th century century 10
  11. 11. RENAISSANCE TO THE 18TH CENTURY Tito Livio Burattini - A model aircraft with four fixed glider wings Francesco Lana de Terzi - Suggested lighter than air flight would be possible Hang glider BartolomeuLeonardo Da Vinci, 15th de Gusmão - century Invention of 11 an airship
  12. 12. WHAT IS A HANG GLIDER Unpowered flying apparatus Controls Frame flight by Hang with a body Glider fabric movement airfoil Suspended from a harness 12 below
  13. 13. RENAISSANCE TO THE 18TH CENTURY Jacques Charles & Robert worlds first manned Nicolas-Louis RobertMontgolfier brothers *Unmanned Hot Jacques Charles & Air Balloon unmanned hydrogen hydrogen- balloon brothers *First manned flight, a tethered filled balloon balloon with humans on board *First free flight with human passengers 13
  14. 14. TIMELINE OF AVIATION HISTORY AFTER 18TH CENTURY First 24 hourPhysics Towed, World’s flight using Controlledof flight controlled, first jet only solar manned hang glider The Apollo by propelled Boeing panels and flights Wright 11 Moon Cayley glider flight aircraft 707 electric power (Cayley) (Lilienthal) Brothers landing 1800 1853 1891-96 1900-05 1910 1958 1969 2010 1804 1884 1900 1909 1919 1961 1970 Successful First fully First First crossing First First Airbus model hang controllable Zeppelin of the English Atlantic manned glider flight lighter than Channel in a crossing space air flight heavier-than- mission air aircraft 14
  15. 15. PHYSICS OF FLIGHT BY CAYLEY Pilot A plan Separate suspended Flew the for a glider tail for below the model inin 1799 control center of 1804. gravity 15
  16. 16. TOWED, CONTROLLED,MANNED GLIDER FLIGHT Internal and external combustion engines, fueled by gunpowder. First flying it unmanned in 1849. A short unpowered gliding flight at Brompton in 1853. 16
  17. 17. FIRST FULLY CONTROLLABLE LIGHTER THAN AIR FLIGHT French army Charles Renard & electric Arthur powered Krebs airship Covering 8 km in 1884 23 minutes generally short- lived and extremely frail 17
  18. 18. CONTROLLED HANG GLIDER FLIGHTS 18
  19. 19. FIRST ZEPPELIN 19
  20. 20. THE WRIGHT BROTHERS The first sustained,17 December controlled, powered 1903 heavier-than-air manned flight At Kill DevilBy Orville Hills, North Wright Carolina 20
  21. 21. CROSSING THE ENGLISH CHANNEL Built a successful Made the first aircraft flight across the French English Channel aviator, in a heavier than air aircraft ininventor and 1909 engineer Louis Charles Joseph Blériot 21
  22. 22. WORLD’S FIRST JET PROPELLED AIRCRAFT Romanian Henri Coandă (1910) adding compressedpiston- heat to by Jet engine an rotating Propelledexhaust otherwise fan blades Aircraft gases pure air in a duct stream 22
  23. 23. CROSSING THE ATLANTIC OCEAN Curtiss seaplane NC-4 (1919) One of the three Supported by a United States trail of 22 Navy aircraft "station ships” 23 23 days
  24. 24. BOEING 707 24
  25. 25. APOLLO 11 MOON LANDING 1969The spaceflightthat landed the first humans,Neil Armstrong & Buzz Aldrin 25
  26. 26. AIRBUSSubsidiary of European aerospace company First Airbus commercially 1970 viable fly-by- wire airliner, A320 Worlds largest airliner, A380 26
  27. 27. AIRBUSAirbus 27A320 A380
  28. 28. FIRST FLIGHT USING SOLAR PANELS & ELECTRIC POWER worlds Solar Impulse first is a Swiss manned 26-hour long-range solar- solar powered poweredaircraft project flight (2010) 28
  29. 29. FUTURE OF AVIATION .According .to NASA . . 29
  30. 30. AVIATION IN 2025 ACCORDING TO NASA Fly up to Cleaner Lower fuel 85% of the exhaust consumption speed of sound Less noise Goals 50,000- Cover a 100,000 range ofpounds of 7000 Goals payload miles 30
  31. 31. BOEING’S DESIGN Composite Advanced structure lightweight Reducing airframe noise 2 vertical talesEngineson thetop of 31the backend
  32. 32. LOCKHEED MARTIN’S DESIGN A wing on the Ultra fan A box wing engine, five design lower belly and one on the times greater top than current times 32
  33. 33. NORTHROP GRUMMAN’S DESIGN 33
  34. 34. CONSULTED WEBSITES http://jawaexpress.com/destination/future-of-aviation- according-to-nasa/ http://www.nasa.gov/topics/aeronautics/features/greener _aircraft.html http://www.technofunc.com/index.php/domain- knowledge/aerospace-industry/item/history-of-aviation- industry http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_aviation http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aviation http://www.thefreedictionary.com/heavier-than-air http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_aviation http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft#Methods_of_lift http://www.airbus.com/innovation/future-by- airbus/concept-planes/innovating-for-the-future/ http://lotsofaviation.wetpaint.com/page/Types+of+Aviati on 34 http://www.airbus.com/innovation/eco- efficiency/design/future-concepts/
  35. 35. THANK YOU 35

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