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Presentation I gave at the Netbook Summit on May-24, 2010

Presentation I gave at the Netbook Summit on May-24, 2010

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    Android in Netbooks Android in Netbooks Presentation Transcript

    • Android’s Impact on Netbooks
      Mike Demler
      DIGDIA
      San Francisco, CA
      May 2010
      1
    • Android’s Impact on Netbooks
      Agenda
      What is Android?
      A Brief Tour of the Android Software Stack
      Enabling Applications Beyond Smartphones
      Examples of Android in Netbooks
      Conclusions
      San Francisco, CA
      May 2010
      2
    • What is Android?
      A robot in the form of a human being?
      Applications for smartphones?
      A user interface?
      An OS for connected devices?
      An ecosystem?
      All of the above.
      San Francisco, CA
      May 2010
      3
    • Android’s Origins
      Google buys Android
      Founded by Andy Rubin, now Google VP Engineering
      Open Handset Alliance formed
      Announcing the development of Android
      Originally 34 members
      Semiconductors, H/W, S/W, wireless operators
      Now 71 members
      Google announces Android Open Source Project.
    • Open Handset Alliance
      San Francisco, CA
      May 2010
      5
    • Android Open Source Project
      The first free, open source, fully customizable mobile platform.
      Licensed by Apache 2.0: Use and modify, develop proprietary features.
      A complete software stack
      An operating system, middleware, and key mobile applications.
      APIs for third-party application development.
      San Francisco, CA
      May 2010
      6
    • Android: The Operating System
      Built on Linux 2.6.24
      But Android is NOT Linux.
      Linux provides a proven open-source foundation.
      “Enhanced” for mobile devices.
      Optimizations:
      Multiprocessing with IPC.
      Minimize memory requirements.
      More aggressive power management to conserve battery life.
      San Francisco, CA
      May 2010
      7
    • Android Libraries
      Built for mobile applications
      Customized “Bionic” libc
      BSD license allows keeping enhancements proprietary.
      Supports multi-processing with small memory footprint.
      H/W abstraction layer outside of kernel for proprietary devices.
      WebKit (Safari) for browsing.
      Open GL 3D graphics
      Native A/V codecs
      Can be replaced with H/W accelerators.
      San Francisco, CA
      May 2010
      8
    • Android in Operation
      Each application runs in its own process.
      Provides security.
      Optimized ‘Dalvik’ VM
      Addresses limitations of mobile vs. desktop computing.
      Designed to run applications efficiently with limited memory and CPU resources.
      San Francisco, CA
      May 2010
      9
    • Android Applications
      Applications are generally written in Java (blue boxes).
      But compiled for Dalvik.
      Basic Android applications are part of the package.
      Other Google apps require OEM agreement; i.e. Maps
      All applications run at the same priority.
      All built-in apps can be replaced or enhanced.
      San Francisco, CA
      May 2010
      10
    • The Android Application Market
      Android market
      Now >50,000 apps
      Apps must pass the “Compatibility Test Suite”
      Google’s App Store does not support non-smartphone devices
      Apps can be pre-installed by manufacturers or through 3rd party sites
      San Francisco, CA
      May 2010
      11
      For a comprehensive, up-to-date list of the thousands of titles that are available, you will need to view Android Market on a handset.
    • Advantages of Android
      Cost: free.
      Openness: copy, use, modify, retain IP.
      Ecosystem
      Google
      Semiconductors, S/W, app developers, CE manufacturers.
      vs. Linux: a complete software stack.
      “Linux is kind of like going to NAPA Auto Parts and trying to leave with an automobile… Android fixes that problem.”
      TI’s George Martin at ESC Silicon Valley
      vs. Windows: not limited to Intel processors.
      San Francisco, CA
      May 2010
      12
    • Android & Embedded Processors- Beyond Smartphones
      Processor cores for mobile applications
      ARM: Solution Center for Android - SCA
      MIPS: MIPSandroid.org
      Integrated Application Processors
      Qualcomm Snapdragon (Nexus-One, HTC Incredible, etc.)
      TI OMAP (Motorola DROID)
      Samsung (Moment)
      NvidiaTegra
      Marvell Armada
      Freescale
      Intel Atom
      San Francisco, CA
      May 2010
      13
    • Android in Netbooks- HP/Compaq AirLife 100
      “Compaq touch experience” powered by Android™
      Customized for larger screen
      Qualcomm Snapdragon™ QSD8250™ chipset
      Integrated 3G mobile broadband
      GSM, GPRS, EDGE, HSPA
      1 GHz CPU & 600 MHz DSP
      3D graphics & HD video
      Sold only through Telefónica
      San Francisco, CA
      May 2010
      14
    • Android in Netbooks- Acer Aspire® One D250-1613
      Dual-boot with Microsoft Windows
      Intel® Atom™ N280 Processor
      Intel announced porting of Android at IDF-Beijing
      Android on Intel Atom is the application processor for Google TV
      San Francisco, CA
      May 2010
      15
    • Android in Netbooks- LemoteYeeLoong 8089
      MIPS-Based Loongson processor
      Joint venture with Chinese Institute of Computing Technologies
      “The world's first laptop that contains completely free software”
      Objective to develop a scalable computer architecture.
      San Francisco, CA
      May 2010
      16
    • Android in Netbooks- ThunderSoft
      Android netbook solutions:
      Added multi-window, drag & drop UI.
      Supports mouse and cursor.
      Modified browser: multi-tab.
      H/W acceleration for 3D graphics, HD video playback.
      ARM processors
      Qualcomm
      TI OMAP
      Freescale
      San Francisco, CA
      May 2010
      17
    • Android’s Impact on Netbooks
      Summary
      Android is an open and rapidly expanding ecosystem.
      OHA spawned the Open Embedded Software Foundation.
      Netbook applications are beginning to be introduced.
      Expected impact will be greatest in Asia.
      Bigger impact in U.S. will be Android-based tablets.
      San Francisco, CA
      May 2010
      18
    • For More Information
      “The Android Invasion”
      See my reports at www.digdia.com:
      Discount to attendees
      Email me at mike.demler@digdia.com
      Also see my blog:
      The World Is Analog
      Follow me on Twitter:
      MikeDemler
      San Francisco, CA
      May 2010