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Presentation I gave at the Netbook Summit on May-24, 2010

Presentation I gave at the Netbook Summit on May-24, 2010

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Android in Netbooks Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Android’s Impact on Netbooks
    Mike Demler
    DIGDIA
    San Francisco, CA
    May 2010
    1
  • 2. Android’s Impact on Netbooks
    Agenda
    What is Android?
    A Brief Tour of the Android Software Stack
    Enabling Applications Beyond Smartphones
    Examples of Android in Netbooks
    Conclusions
    San Francisco, CA
    May 2010
    2
  • 3. What is Android?
    A robot in the form of a human being?
    Applications for smartphones?
    A user interface?
    An OS for connected devices?
    An ecosystem?
    All of the above.
    San Francisco, CA
    May 2010
    3
  • 4. Android’s Origins
    Google buys Android
    Founded by Andy Rubin, now Google VP Engineering
    Open Handset Alliance formed
    Announcing the development of Android
    Originally 34 members
    Semiconductors, H/W, S/W, wireless operators
    Now 71 members
    Google announces Android Open Source Project.
  • 5. Open Handset Alliance
    San Francisco, CA
    May 2010
    5
  • 6. Android Open Source Project
    The first free, open source, fully customizable mobile platform.
    Licensed by Apache 2.0: Use and modify, develop proprietary features.
    A complete software stack
    An operating system, middleware, and key mobile applications.
    APIs for third-party application development.
    San Francisco, CA
    May 2010
    6
  • 7. Android: The Operating System
    Built on Linux 2.6.24
    But Android is NOT Linux.
    Linux provides a proven open-source foundation.
    “Enhanced” for mobile devices.
    Optimizations:
    Multiprocessing with IPC.
    Minimize memory requirements.
    More aggressive power management to conserve battery life.
    San Francisco, CA
    May 2010
    7
  • 8. Android Libraries
    Built for mobile applications
    Customized “Bionic” libc
    BSD license allows keeping enhancements proprietary.
    Supports multi-processing with small memory footprint.
    H/W abstraction layer outside of kernel for proprietary devices.
    WebKit (Safari) for browsing.
    Open GL 3D graphics
    Native A/V codecs
    Can be replaced with H/W accelerators.
    San Francisco, CA
    May 2010
    8
  • 9. Android in Operation
    Each application runs in its own process.
    Provides security.
    Optimized ‘Dalvik’ VM
    Addresses limitations of mobile vs. desktop computing.
    Designed to run applications efficiently with limited memory and CPU resources.
    San Francisco, CA
    May 2010
    9
  • 10. Android Applications
    Applications are generally written in Java (blue boxes).
    But compiled for Dalvik.
    Basic Android applications are part of the package.
    Other Google apps require OEM agreement; i.e. Maps
    All applications run at the same priority.
    All built-in apps can be replaced or enhanced.
    San Francisco, CA
    May 2010
    10
  • 11. The Android Application Market
    Android market
    Now >50,000 apps
    Apps must pass the “Compatibility Test Suite”
    Google’s App Store does not support non-smartphone devices
    Apps can be pre-installed by manufacturers or through 3rd party sites
    San Francisco, CA
    May 2010
    11
    For a comprehensive, up-to-date list of the thousands of titles that are available, you will need to view Android Market on a handset.
  • 12. Advantages of Android
    Cost: free.
    Openness: copy, use, modify, retain IP.
    Ecosystem
    Google
    Semiconductors, S/W, app developers, CE manufacturers.
    vs. Linux: a complete software stack.
    “Linux is kind of like going to NAPA Auto Parts and trying to leave with an automobile… Android fixes that problem.”
    TI’s George Martin at ESC Silicon Valley
    vs. Windows: not limited to Intel processors.
    San Francisco, CA
    May 2010
    12
  • 13. Android & Embedded Processors- Beyond Smartphones
    Processor cores for mobile applications
    ARM: Solution Center for Android - SCA
    MIPS: MIPSandroid.org
    Integrated Application Processors
    Qualcomm Snapdragon (Nexus-One, HTC Incredible, etc.)
    TI OMAP (Motorola DROID)
    Samsung (Moment)
    NvidiaTegra
    Marvell Armada
    Freescale
    Intel Atom
    San Francisco, CA
    May 2010
    13
  • 14. Android in Netbooks- HP/Compaq AirLife 100
    “Compaq touch experience” powered by Android™
    Customized for larger screen
    Qualcomm Snapdragon™ QSD8250™ chipset
    Integrated 3G mobile broadband
    GSM, GPRS, EDGE, HSPA
    1 GHz CPU & 600 MHz DSP
    3D graphics & HD video
    Sold only through Telefónica
    San Francisco, CA
    May 2010
    14
  • 15. Android in Netbooks- Acer Aspire® One D250-1613
    Dual-boot with Microsoft Windows
    Intel® Atom™ N280 Processor
    Intel announced porting of Android at IDF-Beijing
    Android on Intel Atom is the application processor for Google TV
    San Francisco, CA
    May 2010
    15
  • 16. Android in Netbooks- LemoteYeeLoong 8089
    MIPS-Based Loongson processor
    Joint venture with Chinese Institute of Computing Technologies
    “The world's first laptop that contains completely free software”
    Objective to develop a scalable computer architecture.
    San Francisco, CA
    May 2010
    16
  • 17. Android in Netbooks- ThunderSoft
    Android netbook solutions:
    Added multi-window, drag & drop UI.
    Supports mouse and cursor.
    Modified browser: multi-tab.
    H/W acceleration for 3D graphics, HD video playback.
    ARM processors
    Qualcomm
    TI OMAP
    Freescale
    San Francisco, CA
    May 2010
    17
  • 18. Android’s Impact on Netbooks
    Summary
    Android is an open and rapidly expanding ecosystem.
    OHA spawned the Open Embedded Software Foundation.
    Netbook applications are beginning to be introduced.
    Expected impact will be greatest in Asia.
    Bigger impact in U.S. will be Android-based tablets.
    San Francisco, CA
    May 2010
    18
  • 19. For More Information
    “The Android Invasion”
    See my reports at www.digdia.com:
    Discount to attendees
    Email me at mike.demler@digdia.com
    Also see my blog:
    The World Is Analog
    Follow me on Twitter:
    MikeDemler
    San Francisco, CA
    May 2010