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Versailles Summary
 

Versailles Summary

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    Versailles Summary Versailles Summary Presentation Transcript

    • Impact of the war on Germany by 1918
    • Germany was virtually bankrupt
      • National income was about one-third of what it had been in 1913
      • War left 600,000 widows and 2 million children without fathers – by 1925 the state was spending about one-third of its budget in war pensions
      © Hodder Murray
      • Industrial production was about two-thirds of what it had been in 1913
      © Hodder Murray
    • The war had deepened divisions in German society
      • There were huge gaps between the living standards of the rich and the poor
      • Many German workers were bitter at the restrictions placed on their earnings during the war while the factory owners made vast fortunes from the war
      • During the war women were called up to work in the factories. Many people saw this as damaging to traditional family values and society as a whole
    • Germany had a revolution and became an unstable democratic republic
      • Stresses of war led to a revolution in October–November 1918
      • Many ex-soldiers and civilians despised the new democratic leaders and came to believe that the heroic leader Field Marshal Hindenburg had been betrayed by weak politicians
    • How did the allies react to Germany after World War One? Aims : To understand the reaction of the French, British and Americans to Germany after World War One.
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      • Paris Peace Conference
      • Palace of Versailles
      • Dominated by the three main victorious countries – France, Britain and USA.
      • Named the Big Three
      • Met to decide what should now happen in Europe and what should happen to Germany.
    • Woodrow Wilson Georges Clemenceau David Lloyd George
    • What is the message of the cartoon?
    • What is the message of the cartoon?
    • What is the message of the cartoon?
      • The peace treated was dominated by the three main allied powers of France, Britain and America who has done most of the fight against Germany.
      • They were known as the Big Three.
    • Georges Clemenceau (Prime Minister of France)
    • David Lloyd George (Prime Minister of Britain)
    • Woodrow Wilson (President of the USA)
    • The Big 3 .
    • France
      • Clemenceau
      • Cripple Germany
      • Revenge
      • Divide into smaller states
      • Reduce military
    • Britain
      • David Lloyd George
      • Moderate treaty
      • Reduce navy
      • Take colonies
      • Allow Germany to trade again
      • Concerned about threat of Communism in Germany if punished too much
    • America
      • Woodrow Wilson
      • Fair treaty
      • 14 Points
      • League of Nations
      • Self Determination
      • Cooperation for a lasting peace
    • Loss of Money Reparations Germany had to pay to the allies a total of £6,600 million Loss of Land Alsace Lorraine Polish Corridor Not allowed union with Austria Demilitarised Rhineland League of Nations Germany could not join until it showed it was a peaceful nation Loss of Pride War Guilt Clause 231 German people blamed for war Loss of Military Only 100,000 men No conscription 6 Battle ships No submarines, military aircraft or tanks 5 L’s Treaty of Versailles
    • What are the main differences after the treaty?
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    • Land
      • Rhineland demilitarised
      • Lost Alsace Lorraine
      • Lost land to make Polish corridor
      • Lost colonies e.g. Cameroon
      • Lost Sudetenland to make Czechoslovakia
      • No union with Austria
      • 10% of land lost
    • Money
      • Reparations
      • 6600M
      • Take until 1980’s to pay
      • Germany already economically crushed after the war
    • Military
      • Only 6 battleships
      • No tanks
      • No Submarines
      • No aircraft
      • No conscription
      • Only 100,000 men
    • Pride
      • Clause 231
      • Blamed specifically on German people
    • League of Nations
      • Germany not allowed to join until showed it was a peaceful nation
      • Joined in 1926
      • One of Wilson’s 14 points
      • Part of all the peace treaties
    • What did the Treaty do? 5 L’s Loss of Money Reparations Loss of Pride Clause 231 League of Nations Loss of Land Loss of Military
    •  
    • 10 % of land 12.5 % of Population Reparations were crippling No self determination for Germans in Austria No self determination for Germans in Czechoslovakia Sole blame for the war Other countries did not disarm 100,000 men a tiny army Saarland was important to industry Britain and France expanding empires Loss of pride Vulnerable No tanks, submarines or aircraft