Unit 3 – Spain As A Great Power RevisionPresentation Transcript
Unit 3 – Spain as a great power 1556-1598 45 minutes 1 from 2
Focus on question set
Focus on evaluation
Provide a convincing assessment
Range of factors/points
Balanced between factors
Linked where appropriate
Supported throughout by factual knowledge
Key themes to revise
What was the condition of mainland Spain at the end of Charles I reign?
How did Philip II govern Spain?
What problems in Spain did he face throughout his reign?
What was the legacy of Philip II? Philip III’s inheritance
Philip II’s inheritance
Philip’s policies towards Court faction and provinces
Religion - attempts to strengthen Catholicism, relations with the papacy, the Morisco’s problem
Philip III’s inheritance or how successful was Philip II - Conditions in Spain at the end of the reign, impact of Dutch revolt on Spain, policies towards England and France, character and problems of Philip III.
‘ A highly successful King’. Assess this view of Philip II.
Successful? Successful? Unsuccessful? Spain religiously united Preserved Monarquia Bullion from new world Maintained control of Church in Spain Attempted to challenge heresy where Strategically viable to defend Catholicism – Lepanto 1571 Financial cost of defending Monarquia and Catholicism Inefficient government Paper King – government paralysis by 1590’s Rebellion of Provinces – Moriscos 1568 , Netherlands 1566 and Aragon 1590 Maintained Catholic unity Of Empire (Exception of Netherlands) Economic issues Military defeat by French, English and Dutch Final analysis – seeds sown in 16 th Century for Spain's later demise ‘ Golden Age’ of culture Acquisition of Portugal in 1580 Counter Reformation Reforming degrees of Council introduced ‘ Black Legend’ view – Motley Tyrannical / Absolute
Philip ultimately left similarly difficult and complex legacy to that of his father.
Motley and Watson argue ‘Black Legend’ view of Philip – tyrannical and absolute
Elliot ‘ Philip had spent all he had, and reduced to misery his kingdom of Castile’.
Koenigsberger – Philip was no tyrant and monster but ultimately his reign was a failure. It sowed the seeds of Spain’s later demise.
A ‘Golden age’ for Spanish culture?
Arts, architecture and scholarship encouraged by Philip.e.g.
Capital established in Madrid 1561 next 25 years Alcazar (Royal Citadel) remodelled and extended.
Escorial built – private monastery, palace and mausleum.
Titian commissioned to paint various works of art
Writers such as St Teresa of Avila supported
However counter argument that Spain under watchful eye of inquisition turned in on itself and fell behind rest of Europe.
Also Philip’s interest not supported by Royal court.