Unit 3 – Spain As A Great Power Revision
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Unit 3 – Spain As A Great Power Revision






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    Unit 3 – Spain As A Great Power Revision Unit 3 – Spain As A Great Power Revision Presentation Transcript

    • Unit 3 – Spain as a great power 1556-1598 45 minutes 1 from 2
    • Top Band
      • Focus on question set
      • Focus on evaluation
      • Provide a convincing assessment
      • Range of factors/points
      • Balanced between factors
      • Linked where appropriate
      • Supported throughout by factual knowledge
    • Key themes to revise
      • What was the condition of mainland Spain at the end of Charles I reign?
      • How did Philip II govern Spain?
      • What problems in Spain did he face throughout his reign?
      • What was the legacy of Philip II? Philip III’s inheritance
    • Must cover
      • Philip II’s inheritance
      • Philip’s policies towards Court faction and provinces
      • Inflation
      • Religion - attempts to strengthen Catholicism, relations with the papacy, the Morisco’s problem
      • Philip III’s inheritance or how successful was Philip II - Conditions in Spain at the end of the reign, impact of Dutch revolt on Spain, policies towards England and France, character and problems of Philip III.
    • ‘ A highly successful King’. Assess this view of Philip II.
    • Successful? Successful? Unsuccessful? Spain religiously united Preserved Monarquia Bullion from new world Maintained control of Church in Spain Attempted to challenge heresy where Strategically viable to defend Catholicism – Lepanto 1571 Financial cost of defending Monarquia and Catholicism Inefficient government Paper King – government paralysis by 1590’s Rebellion of Provinces – Moriscos 1568 , Netherlands 1566 and Aragon 1590 Maintained Catholic unity Of Empire (Exception of Netherlands) Economic issues Military defeat by French, English and Dutch Final analysis – seeds sown in 16 th Century for Spain's later demise ‘ Golden Age’ of culture Acquisition of Portugal in 1580 Counter Reformation Reforming degrees of Council introduced ‘ Black Legend’ view – Motley Tyrannical / Absolute
    • Historians Assessment
      • Philip ultimately left similarly difficult and complex legacy to that of his father.
      • Motley and Watson argue ‘Black Legend’ view of Philip – tyrannical and absolute
      • Elliot ‘ Philip had spent all he had, and reduced to misery his kingdom of Castile’.
      • Koenigsberger – Philip was no tyrant and monster but ultimately his reign was a failure. It sowed the seeds of Spain’s later demise.
    • A ‘Golden age’ for Spanish culture?
      • Arts, architecture and scholarship encouraged by Philip.e.g.
      • Capital established in Madrid 1561 next 25 years Alcazar (Royal Citadel) remodelled and extended.
      • Escorial built – private monastery, palace and mausleum.
      • Titian commissioned to paint various works of art
      • Writers such as St Teresa of Avila supported
      • However counter argument that Spain under watchful eye of inquisition turned in on itself and fell behind rest of Europe.
      • Also Philip’s interest not supported by Royal court.