How did Mary try to restore Catholicism? Persuasion
The Latin translates: "Partners both in throne and grave, here rest we two sisters, Elizabeth and Mary, in the hope o...
Who’s who in religion during Mary’s reign? Stephen Gardiner Bishop of Winchester and Lord Chancellor – imprisoned during E...
Who’s who in religion during Mary’s reign? Stephen Gardiner Bishop of Winchester and Lord Chancellor – imprisoned during E...
Aims <ul><li>Steps taken by Mary I to move England towards Catholicism </li></ul>
The pendulum swings back again – how Catholic was England by 1558? <ul><li>1529? Before Act of Supremacy </li></ul><ul><li...
 
Persuasion <ul><li>Act of repeal – removed Edwardian reformation back to 1547 and Six Articles </li></ul><ul><li>Mary gave...
War on words <ul><li>Censorship – proclamations forbade the printing of certain works and an index of banned books was dra...
<ul><li>Table exercise </li></ul>
Key Points <ul><li>Mary succeed in returning the English church to Rome in an organisational sense. </li></ul><ul><li>Howe...
Homework complete table exercise on historians views of Mary I.
Avoid paraphrasing Avoid making comments without supporting detail Author/Purpose/Motive/Contextual Knowledge/ Subjective/...
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Lesson 14 How Did Mary Try To Restore Catholicism

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Lesson 14 How Did Mary Try To Restore Catholicism

  1. 1. How did Mary try to restore Catholicism? Persuasion
  2. 2. The Latin translates: &quot;Partners both in throne and grave, here rest we two sisters, Elizabeth and Mary, in the hope of one resurrection.&quot;
  3. 3. Who’s who in religion during Mary’s reign? Stephen Gardiner Bishop of Winchester and Lord Chancellor – imprisoned during Edward’s reign Simon Renards Imperial ambassador from Charles V Reginald Pole Cousin of Mary’s. Became papal legate with brief to restore Catholicism Charles V Holy Roman Emperor – Mary’s cousin and PhilipII’s father – Mary maintained correspondence with him / father figure Julius III Pope wanted lands returned to Church Paul IV Pope from 1555 – anti-Habsburg therefore clashed with England
  4. 4. Who’s who in religion during Mary’s reign? Stephen Gardiner Bishop of Winchester and Lord Chancellor – imprisoned during Edward’s reign Simon Renards Imperial ambassador from Charles V Reginald Pole Cousin of Mary’s. Became papal legate with brief to restore Catholicism Charles V Holy Roman Emperor – Mary’s cousin and Philip II’s father – Mary maintained correspondence with him / father figure Julius III Pope wanted lands returned to Church Paul IV Pope from 1555 – anti-Habsburg therefore clashed with England
  5. 5. Aims <ul><li>Steps taken by Mary I to move England towards Catholicism </li></ul>
  6. 6. The pendulum swings back again – how Catholic was England by 1558? <ul><li>1529? Before Act of Supremacy </li></ul><ul><li>1547? Before the Edwardian Reformation </li></ul>
  7. 8. Persuasion <ul><li>Act of repeal – removed Edwardian reformation back to 1547 and Six Articles </li></ul><ul><li>Mary gave up title of Supreme Head of the Church </li></ul><ul><li>Lands guaranteed to Parliament which allowed the heresy laws – many of the lands were actually held by Catholics </li></ul><ul><li>Cardinal Pole returned to England – would eventually become Archbishop of Canterbury </li></ul><ul><li>Twelve Decrees issued on clerical discipline </li></ul>
  8. 9. War on words <ul><li>Censorship – proclamations forbade the printing of certain works and an index of banned books was drawn up </li></ul><ul><li>Several Acts made slander of Mary and Philip punishable as treason </li></ul><ul><li>Commissions to check on heresy </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Table exercise </li></ul>
  10. 11. Key Points <ul><li>Mary succeed in returning the English church to Rome in an organisational sense. </li></ul><ul><li>However Protestant beliefs remained in parts of England. </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by Cardinal Pole and council. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of persuasion and persecution. </li></ul><ul><li>Used Parliament but had to bow to pressure not to restore monastic lands. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Marian government did not maximise propaganda opportunities. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Burnings effect was probably limited and potentially counter productive. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Reputation as ‘bloody Mary’ largely due to Protestant propaganda in Elizabeth’s reign notably John Foxes Book of Martyrs </li></ul><ul><li>9. Failure to secure an heir meant that it was ultimately a failure as Elizabeth would move England back to Protestantism. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Homework complete table exercise on historians views of Mary I.
  12. 13. Avoid paraphrasing Avoid making comments without supporting detail Author/Purpose/Motive/Contextual Knowledge/ Subjective/Objective/Hindsight Content/tone/extent/level/positive/negative/key words/reasons/motives/cause/effect/response COMPARISON QUESTION
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