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How Strong And Propsperous Was Spain In 1556 Summary
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How Strong And Propsperous Was Spain In 1556 Summary

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  • 1. Aims Understand the success and failures of Charles I (V) To then evaluate the inheritance he left Philip II of Spain
  • 2. Did he reform the government to meet his needs and improve its efficiency ?
  • 3. How strong was the government left by Charles I? No fixed capital Charles was constantly on the move Conciliar system designed for an absentee monarch Cortes could prove an obstacle Local administration relied on nobles New councils set up for new areas of policy e.g. Council of war Family members used as governors and viceroys Secretaries grew in power Kingdoms had own traditions, institutions of government and laws. Positives / ? / Negatives
  • 4. How strong was the government left by Charles I? No fixed capital Charles was constantly on the move Conciliar system designed for an absentee monarch Cortes could prove an obstacle Local administration relied on nobles New councils set up for new areas of policy e.g. Council of war Family members used as governors and viceroys Secretaries grew in power Kingdoms had own traditions, institutions of government and laws. Assessment Workable – needs to be reformed – some similarities to other 16 th Century monarchs and their issues
  • 5. Religion - Growing threat of Protestantism
    • More successful against Reformation in Spain than across empire
    • Censorship introduced in Spain – license required for bringing in books
    • Study restricted to Spain and a few overseas colleges
    • Use of inquisition
    • Spain united under Catholicism – debate over level of uniformity
  • 6.  
  • 7. Economy
    • Poor inheritance
    • Lack of investment in new farming and industrial techniques
    • In comparison to Netherlands Spain behind
    • Disruption caused by war to trade/population
    • Some benefits from New World Bullion
  • 8. Finance
    • Poor inheritance
    • Main costs for war/royal household and short term election as H R E
    • Early as 1532 revenue outstripped by expenditure
    • Each area needed to be self supporting, plus additions towards empire.
    • In reality Castile and Netherlands provided key finance
    • Plus church and wealth from Americas
    • However revenue did not meet demands of continuous war therefore resorted to loans and bonds. Serious implications as Spain became gripped by debt to both Spanish and foreign bankers.
    • 36 Million ducats in debt in 1556
    • Philip would declare bankruptcy for the first time in 1557
  • 9. Law and order
    • Establish security and control as ruler
    • Revolt of Comuneros 1920 defeated
    • After 1520’s little opposition in Spain
    • Subjects reconciled to his rule
    • Charles respected laws and privileges
    • Resentment by some of rewards to Castilians
    • Relied heavily on grandees and corregidores to implement policies
  • 10. Foreign Policy
    • 2. Defend the empire from outside threats notably France and Turkish Empire
    • Almost continual war with France
    • Turkish threat
    • Defended - little growth – constantly shifting of fortunes
    • Costly
    • Most money spend on dynastic rivalry with France
  • 11. Inheritance Government ‘ Changed but not Revolutionised’ Religion Virtually untainted in Spain but not the empire Economy and finance High inflation ‘ mortgage the future of the sake of today’ Law and Order Stable Spain after problems of 1520’s Foreign Policy Fear Threats Cost Vulnerable Still relied Heavily on nobility Managed to keep Turks At by but no more Fostering future issues Constant War How? At what cost? Inherit a good System?

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