Hero and monomyth


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Hero and monomyth

  1. 1. Catre, Madel M.BSED 2- English <br />A hero is a man or woman who has been able to battle past his personal and historical limitations to the generally valid, normally human forms. Such a ones’ visions, ideas and inspirations comes pristine from the primary from the springs of human life and thought. Hence they are eloquent, not of the present, disintegrating society and psyche, but of the unquenched source through which society is reborn. The hero has died as a modern man; but as eternal man- perfected, unspecific, universal man- has been reborn. His second solemn task and deed is to return then amongst humankind, transfigured, and teach to us the lesson of life renewed. <br />The Hero as a Warrior<br />The mythological hero, reappearing from the darkness that is the source of the shapes of the day, brings knowledge of the secret of the tyrant’s doom. With a gesture as simple as the pressing of the button, he annihilates the impressive configuration. The hero is the champion of creative life. The elementary deeds of a hero are those that involve clearing the fields of misery and tyrants of human breed. <br />The Hero as a Lover<br />The hegemony wrested from the enemy, the freedom won from the malice of a monster, the life energy released from the toils of the tyrant Holdfast- is symbolized as a woman. She is the maiden of the innumerable dragon slayings, a bride abducted forma jealous father, the virgin rescued from an unholy lover. <br />She is the portion of the “hero” himself- for each is “both”: id his stature is that of a monarch she is the world and if he is a warrior, she is the fame. She is the image of his destiny which he is to release from the prison of enveloping circumstance. But where he is ignorant of his destiny or deluded by false considerations, no effort on his part will overcome the obstacles.<br />The Hero as a Emperor or a tyrant<br />The hero blessed by the father returns to represent the father among men. As teacher and as emperor his word is law. His word is the wind of life. He wins a bride which shall be a representative of a life. Then, goes to the father which is an invisible unknown. The hero breaks the stereotypical vision which is his role to sustain. He is no longer just the mediator between the two worlds, man’s perspective flattens to include only the human term of the equation and the experience of the supernatural power immediately fails. <br />The Hero as World Redeemer<br />Heroes of this second, highest illumination are the world redeemers, the so-called incarnations, in the highest sense. Their myths open up to cosmic proportions. The hero of yesterday becomes a tyrant of tomorrow unless he crucifies himself today. From the point view of the person there is such recklessness in deliverance of the future that it appears to be nihilistic.<br />The Hero as a Saint<br />The World-Renouncer. Endowed with pure understanding restraining the self with firmness turning away from sound and other sources, abandoning love and hatred, eating only but little, controlling the speech of the body, spirit and mind. Ever engaged in meditation and concentration, cultivating freedom from passion, forsaking conceit and power, pride and lust, wrath and possessions, tranquil in heart and free from ego.<br />Monomyth Cycle<br />Joseph Campbell defined a classic sequence of actions that are found in many stories. It is also known as the Monomyth. The first section of the story is about the separation of the hero from the normal world. Separation has symbolic echo of infant transition away from the mother and so has a scary feel to it. In the main part of the story the hero is initiated into true heroic stature by various trials and rites. Through daring and battle, the true character emerges. After initiation the hero can cleansed and return in triumph to deserved recognition, although this in itself may not be without its trials and tribulations.<br />A foil, the villain, typically a charismatic evildoer who represents, leads, or himself embodies the struggle the hero is up against. The antihero is a character that lacks the traditional qualities associated with heroes, but must carry out the hero’s s task anyway.<br />Sources:<br />The Hero with a Thousand Faces by Joseph Campbell<br />What is an Anti-hero? http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-an-anti-hero.htm<br />Archetypes http://www.wtps.org/wths/imc/pathfinders/archetypes.pdf<br />