Introduction to Open Data

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Presented at Opening Up Government Data in DERI, NUI Galway, Ireland as part of Irish Open Data Week. …

Presented at Opening Up Government Data in DERI, NUI Galway, Ireland as part of Irish Open Data Week.

For more information on Irish Open Data, check out the workspace at http://workspace.opendata.ie

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  • … they need to see what others do about it.

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  • 1. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Introduction to Open Data Opening Up Government Data DERI, NUI Galway Deirdre Lee 8th November 2011 Stefan.Decker@deri.org http://www.StefanDecker.org/ Copyright 2010 Digital Enterprise Research Institute. All rights reserved.
  • 2. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie  “In God we trust. Everyone else bring data”  Mayor Mike Bloomberg, New York City  “My administration is committed to creating an unprecedented level of openness in Government. Openness will strengthen our democracy and promote efficiency and effectiveness in Government”  President Obama, US  "This revolution in government transparency will make it easier than ever before for the public to make informed choices between providers, and hold government to account for the performance of key public services.”  Prime Minister David Cameron, UK
  • 3. What is Open Government Data (OGD)?Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie  Open Data: data that can be freely used, reused and redistributed by anyone.*  Government Data: data and information produced or commissioned by government or government controlled entities.*  Not sensitive or private information but core public data on transport, infrastructure, education, health, crime, environment, etc. *Open Knowledge Foundation (OKF) http://opengovernmentdata.org/what/
  • 4. Examples of OGDDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie  Zoned land for commercial/green/residential use  Polling stations and election turnout  Enrolments at schools and in funded pre-school education  Bathing water quality  Noise maps  Street lighting  Bring banks  Traffic cameras  Cycle routes  Vehicle licensing statistics
  • 5. Benefits of Open DataDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie  Social  Transparency  Accountability  Participation  Economic  Cost saving and optimisation  Promote innovation
  • 6. TransparencyDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie  To highlight deficiencies, mistakes and inaccuracies within government?  To rebuild trust between citizens and government,  identify room for improvement,  encourage new solutions, and  remove inefficiencies.
  • 7. AccountabilityDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie  To hold one person or organisation responsible for errors?  To add objectivity to government,  validate resource allocation,  improve public-sector decision making, and  promote a fair public system.
  • 8. ParticipationDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie  Opening up data naturally encourages comments, feedback, critique, insights, recommendation s, queries....  Starts a two-way discussion  Enables government to respond to real-time needs of citizens
  • 9. Data as a Resource...Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie  Resources: oil, gas, skilled workforce, infrastructure, etc.  Data is also a valuable resource!  By-product of day-to-day governance
  • 10. Gov2GovDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Health Education Transport Department Department Department
  • 11. Cost Saving and OptimisationDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie  Internal Open Data sharing  Avoid task duplication  Pool resources  Share results
  • 12. Gov2Biz / Gov2CitizenDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Citizens Government Businesses Data Media NGOs Academia
  • 13. Capitalise on Data as a ResourceDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie  Consume  Process Knowledge  Analyse  Enrich  Merge Products  Overlay Services
  • 14. Businesses using Open DataDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie  placr.co.uk  See real-time tube performance and departure info  TubeTap.co.uk  Request refunds from Transport for London (TFL) after service disruptions  RoundaboutBrewery.com  Uses real-time feedback (mobile apps) to tweak the next round of ale
  • 15. Lessons Learned from London DatastoreDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie 1. Two-way conversation  Engage with developers from start  Look at where and why individuals, private sector and NGOs can fill the gap government can’t 2. Agility  Developments are not linear; they are emergent and unpredictable 3. Go ugly, go early http://data.london.gov.uk
  • 16. Open Data CycleDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie discover publish enrich consume consume enrich publish discover
  • 17. Open Data TimelineDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
  • 18. 190 Registered Data Catalogues to date (datacatalogs.org)Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
  • 19. Neelie Kroes, Vice President of the European CommissionDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie  Open Data Strategy Nov 2011  Legislative: Changes to PSI Directive, which has governed the use of public sector information since 2003  Investment: Make everything accessible by default, build Open Data into our public administrative systems, get rid of case-specific licenses, everything reusable by default.  Practice what we preach: Launch of EU portal  Pan-European Open Data Portal http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gBUpUD4l1Wo
  • 20. Irish Open Data TimelineDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Oct 2010 Open Data Google Group Nov 2010 Fingal Open Data launched
  • 21. data.fingal.ieDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
  • 22. Irish Open Data TimelineDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Oct 2010 Nov 2010 Open Data ie.ckan.net Google Group launched Nov 2010 Fingal Open Data launched
  • 23. ie.ckan.netDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
  • 24. Irish Open Data TimelineDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Oct 2010 Nov 2010 Open Data ie.ckan.net Google Group launched Nov 2010 Dec 2010 Fingal Open opendata.ie Data launched launched
  • 25. opendata.ieDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
  • 26. Irish Open Data TimelineDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Oct 2010 Nov 2010 Jan 2011 Open Data ie.ckan.net data-gov.ie Google Group launched launched Nov 2010 Dec 2010 Fingal Open opendata.ie Data launched launched
  • 27. data-gov.ieDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
  • 28. Irish Open Data TimelineDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Aug 2011 First workshop of National Cross Industry Oct 2010 Nov 2010 Jan 2011 Working Group Open Data ie.ckan.net data-gov.ie on Open Data Google Group launched launched Nov 2010 Dec 2010 Jul 2011 Oct 2011 Fingal Open opendata.ie 18-hour Open Dublinked Data launched launched Data Challenge launched
  • 29. Dublinked.ieDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
  • 30. Irish Open Data TimelineDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Aug 2011 First workshop of National Cross Industry Oct 2010 Nov 2010 Jan 2011 Nov 2011 Working Group Open Data ie.ckan.net data-gov.ie First Irish Open on Open Data Google Group launched launched Data Week Nov 2010 Dec 2010 Jul 2011 Oct 2011 Fingal Open opendata.ie 18-hour Open Dublinked Data launched launched Data Challenge launched
  • 31. workspace.opendata.ieDigital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
  • 32. Join the Community!Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Open Data Ireland Group http://groups.google.com/group/open-data-ireland Open Data Ireland Workspace http://workspace.opendata.ie/