1
Table of Contents



1.0 Preamble                    4

2.0 Design Concept
                6

3.0 Ecological Consideration...
1.0 Preamble

Deep Dive Dubai seeks to encapsulate in a single building
the holistic nature of the diving experience from ...
The signs and symbols that represent this unique lifestyle
                            are distinctive to the sport. Cloth...
2.0 Design Concept

                          Initially concerned of as a structure below the waterline,
                 ...
These concepts as described may be considered as the
                           basis for a building type that can be repe...
7
8
3.0 Ecological Considerations

                                                              The Dubai Deep Dive must gain...
Urban environments produce higher amounts of heat due
                                              to the materials such ...
The angled ‘energy wall’ that comprises one side of the
structure makes use of the latest developments of the NASA
space i...
key
1.    store / services
2.    vertical waste transportation
3.    power diver store                                Besi...
In addition to the use of ‘Smart Glass’, the building is
                                       designed to receive coolin...
4.0 Built Form

The design demonstrates how the site may be approached
from two different directions with each side of the...
Bisected by the movement systems and opposite to the
                     energy wall is the translucent half dome that ha...
On arrival at the central area, the main elliptical space
                         comprises activities such as specialist...
Below the ramp to one side, there is a training facility with
                      a dedicated swimming pool and storage ...
key
1. central void /
    raised entrance
    platform                                5.0 Activities
2. demonstration
    ...
Adjacent to these outlets, and with a press of a button, the
                             simulator rooms take the viewer ...
Electrochromic glass panels in the wall of the aquarium
                 change colour and reflect projections of coral or...
key
1.    energy wall
2.    dive pools cover
3.    pond landscape     5.0 Drawings
4.    pedestrian link
5.    floating ro...
key
1.    raised entrance platform
2.    demonstration theatre
3.    deep dives
4.    boat launch platform
5.    pond     ...
key
1.    wash / change rooms
2.    dive platform
3.    deep dives
4.    boat launch platform
5.    pond                  ...
key
1.    wash / change rooms
2.    planter
3.    roof over dives
4.    lecture rooms
5.    function lobby                ...
key
1.    wash / change rooms
2.    void
3.    roof over dives
4.    restaurant
5.    buffet                    Upper Mezz...
key
1.    caves landscape edge
2.    rooftop terrace
3.    deep dives
4.    boat launch platform
5.    pond               ...
key
1.    energy wall
2.    operable ventilation chimney
3.    ribbed dome structure
4.    dive arena
5.    operable louvr...
7.0 Conclusion

The fundamental philosophy that has guided the creation
of Deep Dive Dubai underscores the need to address...
29
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Dubai Deep Dive

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Conceptual design and presentation for the premium Dubai Deep Dive Centre, a prototype to be replicated in capital cities around the world!

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Dubai Deep Dive

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. Table of Contents 1.0 Preamble 4 2.0 Design Concept 6 3.0 Ecological Considerations 8 4.0 Built Form 13 5.0 Activities 17 6.0 Drawings 20 7.0 Conclusion 27 2
  3. 3. 1.0 Preamble Deep Dive Dubai seeks to encapsulate in a single building the holistic nature of the diving experience from its immediate sense of enjoyment and discovery to its broader context of training, science and education. As one of the major sporting activities, diving has developed an international network of friendships and shared experiences that collectively comprise a vast and professional knowledge base. These shared experiences include the geography and ecology of the different diving locations as well as the necessary skills and methods that are necessary to cope with the specific conditions associated with each. The proposed Deep Dive complex is a unique opportunity to develop an entity that will be a point of reference for the divers of the world. A place that will inspire the development and sharing of knowledge and skills at all levels of experience. 3 A place that will promote the highest levels of ecological awareness and sustainability of the seas and marine life
  4. 4. The signs and symbols that represent this unique lifestyle are distinctive to the sport. Clothing and equipment is inherently ‘sexy’ with simple and utilitarian forms that suit their environment. Dubai Deep Dive recognizes this image in a building that is sophisticated, pure, intimate and sensitive to its environment. The architecture has been considered as an assemblage of minimalistic and pure forms that are independent of each other but overlap and interlock to form a more complex object, like the mechanism of a watch. While each element has its own function, their interpretation forms a spatial envelope that creates a variety of views and experiences. Continuous and sinuous curving lines and shapes that make up the spaces are a reminder of the flow of water and of movement through water. With diving being its focus, the interdependence of the building with water is described by the way in which it forms an island with only parts of its structure having bridge connections to the land. The reflections and Exploded Axonometric View rippling effects created by reflected light on the various surfaces contribute towards the concept of an interlocking system. Resultant building forms are dependent on the activities that they contain. The specific set of relationships that make up Deep Dive Dubai are intrinsically designed to 4 attract the serious diver as well as to educate and to stimulate awareness of diving as well as environmental
  5. 5. 2.0 Design Concept Initially concerned of as a structure below the waterline, the design for Dubai Deep Dive went through a number of phases to arrive at its present form. While an underwater structure has undoubted potential, its evolution towards the present statement has been affected by a number of factors. Earlier schemes used commercial structures as a visual guide towards the diving location, interacting with the underwater centre to make it part of a larger complex. In considering the building as a pure and independent structure that sets out to create its own message, the design concept evolved as a form where its main structure is predominantly visible from a distance. Being visible, the building describes to the viewer those particular messages that make it memorable, in terms of the diving and environmental experience. In the conceptual diagrams, a part of the previous design is retained ie: building containing water and being surrounded by the water as well as the notion of the diving pits radiating out from a central zone. Superimposed on this is the environmental message of integrating the surrounding landscape and having the building act as its own energy source. In developing the sketch, a large dome announces the intention of large integrated internal spaces. In order to view it as a totality, pedestrian movement defines a route through the centre, and the visual impressions can therefore be experienced from both distant and close up vantage points. Design Concept Analysis By curving the line of this movement diagram, the views Diagrams from each end are contained within the centre where the opportunity exists for multiple experiences. This adjusts the diagram to respond in turn, giving the shapes a unique form whose sinuous movements are a reminder of an underwater motion. This diagram may be adapted for various sites. Depending on the topography and planning considerations, the essence of its core, in terms of interrelationships of its activities, may remain the same. Its linear movement and 5 the activities that are linked to this movement may change
  6. 6. These concepts as described may be considered as the basis for a building type that can be repeated on different sites and in different countries around the world. An icon for diving mastery and marine environmental responsibility. The overall building geometry might twist and bend in response to the local conditions, but by being true to its stated principles, each building will retain similar characteristics that will be identified as being a building that is iconic to diving and a major destination point on the diving circuit. Their importance in terms of practical training and ecological research and development will also provide an added stimulus to the industry, thereby attracting a variety of commercial benefits to the centers as well as to their surrounding localities. Design Concept Variation 6 Diagrams
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. 3.0 Ecological Considerations The Dubai Deep Dive must gain prominence in the world as a sustainable building by producing its own power, generating its own ventilation systems and making use of the latest technology in controlled temperature environments. It must reduce its carbon footprint by the correct choice of energy efficient artificial lighting, water filtration and refuse disposal as well as making use of key materials in its construction that observe low embodied 1. solar voltaic energy energy levels throughout their manufacturing process. 2. operable ventilation chimney 3. operable louvre façade 4. cooling effect Sustainability is not only reflected by the way in which the building is constructed, but also by the way it relates to the surrounding context. Green Building Section Recent developments in LED lighting have drastically reduced power consumption and heat emissions normally associated with halogen lighting. In addition to this, the lifespan of fittings has been greatly increased. Water purification without the use of chemicals can be achieved by using a salt chlorination system. Both Fresh and Seawater is purified by using a chlorine generator to produce chlorine via an electrolytic cell. “An electrical control board senses the amount of salt in the water and adjusts the cell voltage automatically without affecting the programmed level of chlorine output “(Autochlor). If seawater is used there is the potential for significant water and electricity savings. The most energy efficient method of waste disposal is to use material that can easily be recycled. By acting as a model for environmental awareness, Deep Dive Dubai has the opportunity to make use of the international recycling symbol on its refuse containers 9 and shop wrappings. By adopting the principles of recycling, the Dive Centre is announcing its environmental
  10. 10. Urban environments produce higher amounts of heat due to the materials such as road surfaces and adjoining buildings. This effect can be reduced by the ‘greening’ of its buildings and open spaces. The making of a well planted key landscape reduces temperatures and creates a pleasant 1. caves landscape edge and environmentally friendly context. 2. rooftop terrace 3. deep dives 4. boat launch platform 5. pond 6. power divers run 7. planter boxes 8. aquarium promenade 9. function lobby Major landscaping is brought into the spaces of the building via a landscaped terrace above the deep diving pool and through into the lobby space between the lecture theatres. Planting surrounds the central aquarium on the roof areas of the simulation rooms on the one side and with the walls above the shops on the other. Combined with the water edge, waterfalls and planting on the rooftops of the diving platforms, the overall effect of the landscaping suggests a strong interconnection between the building and its surroundings Landscape Plan 10
  11. 11. The angled ‘energy wall’ that comprises one side of the structure makes use of the latest developments of the NASA space industry by using Photovoltaic Energy technology. “Photovoltaics is the direct conversion of light into electricity at the automic level. Some materials exhibit a property known as the photoelectric effect, that causes them to absorb protons of light and release electrons.” (European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference 2008) Through the space programs, this technology as well as its reliability has been established. These photovoltaic modules within the ‘energy wall’ are built to form a series of arrays that form a continuous wall/roof system which will house many of the activity spaces and service areas within the building. Its objective is to supply all the power required for the different activities, and to eventually sell any excess power by transferring it back into the electricity grid. 11
  12. 12. key 1. store / services 2. vertical waste transportation 3. power diver store Besides supplying its major electrical needs, various 4. electric car removal offsite functions such as shuttle car transportation and power 5. electric car service access diving will make use of this energy source. 6. waste collection point 7. kitchen The consumption of power can also be reduced by using the latest technology in ‘Smart Glass’ glazing techniques. One such system is SPP (Suspended Particle Devices) that feature an electrical current between two panels of glass or acrylic. The current when active, aligns the millions of suspended particles within the panel to allow light to penetrate through (thus making the panel transparent). Alternatively, when the electrical current is reduced, the particles become dispersed and light is therefore blocked from penetrating the glass. The amount of electricity used is minimal while the reduction of heat and ventilation requirements is drastically reduced. In the electrochromic system, this process is reversed ie: when switched off, an electrochromic window remains transparent. Strategically placed delivery and collection points for materials and refuse are located within the ends of the ‘energy wall’ adjacent to the entry ramps. Servicing of the facilities and shops are carried out by means of electrically driven containers that travel along a service corridor within the ‘energy wall’, depositing and collecting goods and waste materials through arterial hoists that are accessible to each floor level. Storage rooms are located at convenient locations within the 12 Refuse / Service system. System
  13. 13. In addition to the use of ‘Smart Glass’, the building is designed to receive cooling breezes through specifically controlled and automated louvers within the curved roof structure of the dive dome. When the louvers are open, convection currents are created and latent warm air is forced to flow upwards through the central void chimney. The air is then mechanically extracted outside through automated louvers at the topmost ring of the roof structure. In keeping with its environmental message, the elements of the building where appropriate should be assembled with prefabricated building materials thereby providing for energy efficient solutions through efficient construction methods. Exploded Axonometric – Prefabricated Elements 13
  14. 14. 4.0 Built Form The design demonstrates how the site may be approached from two different directions with each side of the water being linked together by ramps that meet at the main central area. This movement system divides the building into two major forms. To the one side, the building is formed by changing angles of solar panels that combine as a continuously curving wall. Designed to provide for the energy requirements for the complex, this wall forms a major component of the architecture and is large enough to house a variety of activities over 3 levels. The ‘energy wall’ is a pure and articulated expression and a functional demonstration of environmental values. 14 As solar panels require the correct orientation towards the sun, the positioning of this wall will be the determining
  15. 15. Bisected by the movement systems and opposite to the energy wall is the translucent half dome that has been designed to the curving geometry. From the central area, beams radiate out from a structural ring, sweeping over different levels of interrelated spaces and ending in the water past the edges of the diving pools. At different times, water may be pumped from the overhead ring to run down the entire surface, becoming both a cooling system as well as creating an extra ambiance of reflected light to the interior. Main Approach View The interior comprises four interlocking layers of activity. As the ramps rise towards the main arrival level, the public is introduced to the complex by information lounges and stores. Electric shuttle cars are at hand for convenience, and moving up the ramps, there are views that capture the 15 activities of the different levels.
  16. 16. On arrival at the central area, the main elliptical space comprises activities such as specialist shopping, simulation rooms and a centrally located aquarium. To the rear of the shops in the ‘energy wall’, there are education and lecture theatres, services and kitchen facilities. The lecture theatres are separated by a lobby space that connects to a well landscaped roof terrace. On the upper mezzanine area, restaurants and buffet areas surround the central aquarium, all of which are contained by the curving rake of the roof that continues outwards to cover the diving pools below. From the central area, there are waterfalls from the perimeter edge cascading into the diving pools. The central aquarium connects all three levels and in addition, drops to a level below the waterline. In addition to the passenger lifts that are located at each end of the building, hydraulic platforms are located within the inner aquarium zone. These are approached through the glass walls. Once on the platform, the handrails are automatically closed and the platform moves up or down past the inner face of the aquarium to connect to one of the four levels. Internal Aquarium View At the diving level, the aquarium is surrounded by display walls and entrance tunnels into each particular diving platform that radiate outwards towards the encircling moat. Vegetation covers the roof of the diving platforms. This, together with the effect of the waterfalls, has the effect of creating a soft and natural edge for the diving experience.16
  17. 17. Below the ramp to one side, there is a training facility with a dedicated swimming pool and storage facility. At the same level, and at the other end of the building is a film studio and training pool. This studio connects through to a diving pool as well as to the outer moat where its jetty acts as a mooring for boats and filming equipment. These adjoining water areas have the potential of holding shipwrecks, archeological objects and caves set into the earth banks that can be accessed through special chambers that keep the separation of water quality. Each of these diving pits has its own unique character, and touch information and display boards describe the dive that is specific to each. The hydraulic platforms drop a further level to below the Internal Dives View water level. In this area, a demonstration theatre has seats raking towards a second elliptical band of an aquarium wall located below the services areas. An illusion of swimming with the fish is created for the dives. The inner space is used for education and instruction classes. These walls have electrochromatic glass to allow for projection screens, interactive touch computer screens and changes of colour. 17 The floor of the instruction area is transparent, through which the coral of each particular diving environment can
  18. 18. key 1. central void / raised entrance platform 5.0 Activities 2. demonstration theatre Besides offering courses for the different types of 3. deep dives 4. coral reef display dives, Dubai Deep Dive will be a building where the actual floor type of dive can be experienced. 5. hydraulic platform lift In educational terms, the building offers a series of spaces 6. aquarium that provide for a holistic appreciation of diving and the 7. dive platform 8. display cabinets issues related to the diving environment. The information 9. interactive centers, bookshops, and lounges as well as the whole of simulators the central area act as an introduction to the visitor. 10. lecture rooms 11. function lobby The surrounding retail shops and kiosks provide a range of items related to diving such as equipment, cameras, watches, apparel as well as items that are produced from marine environments. Pearls, shells, medication or the latest developments in technologically advanced electronic equipment are examples of some of the products on display. Each of these retail outlets show, through its graphics or video presentation, the history of how the product was produced. 18 Activity Diagrams
  19. 19. Adjacent to these outlets, and with a press of a button, the simulator rooms take the viewer into virtual reality to tour through selected programs that describe the ecological challenges facing the marine world today, or to a deep sea adventure of archeological discovery. The central band of the elliptical aquarium contains a variety of marine life that is described through audio headsets and interactive touch screen computer technology. Detail Plan – Ground Entry Level 19
  20. 20. Electrochromic glass panels in the wall of the aquarium change colour and reflect projections of coral or seaweed associated with the sea life. The environment to all of the pedestrian space would be enlivened by these reflections on the surrounding surfaces. The adjoining teaching and lecture rooms have been located to allow for both informal or formal conferences hosted by specially invited international guest speakers. Their shared lobby space links through to the internal central void and externally to a landscaped roof terrace. Accessed by the lifts, staircases and hydraulic platforms, the upper level restaurant and buffet facilities are serviced by means of a shaft to the lower storage and preparation areas adjacent to the entry ramp. The elliptical balcony over the simulation rooms provides an ideal observation area for viewing the many activities contained within the building. A number of different dive pits are available for practical diving. Cave, Ice and Deep Diving are located below the energy wall, while Wreck Diving is located adjacent to the Film Workshop. Pits for Dry Suit, Night, Peak Buoyancy Occupancy and Underwater Photography are included in the choices that are available to visiting divers. The Cave Diving and Film Workshop have a large external water area available for different activities. Caves are built into the landward edges of the bank, with archeological Detail Section items and wrecks spread under the surface at different depths. 20
  21. 21. key 1. energy wall 2. dive pools cover 3. pond landscape 5.0 Drawings 4. pedestrian link 5. floating roof Site Plan 6. embankment 7. structural piers 8. glazed dome roof 9. structural spine 10. central truss 21
  22. 22. key 1. raised entrance platform 2. demonstration theatre 3. deep dives 4. boat launch platform 5. pond Lower Aquarium Level Plan 6. power divers run 7. hydraulic platform lift 8. aquarium 9. coral display floor 22
  23. 23. key 1. wash / change rooms 2. dive platform 3. deep dives 4. boat launch platform 5. pond Lower Ground Level Plan 6. store / services 7. film workshop 8. power divers run 9. lift / services core 10. hydraulic platform lift 11. aquarium 12. training pool 13. water lock 14. display cabinets 15. cavernous earth 23
  24. 24. key 1. wash / change rooms 2. planter 3. roof over dives 4. lecture rooms 5. function lobby Ground Entry Level Plan 6. store / services 7. retail 8. kitchen / store 9. lift / services core 10. hydraulic platform lift 11. aquarium 12. electric shuttle service 13. ticket office / gift shop / information 14. interactive simulators 15. main entry / exit 16. waterfall 17. service room 18. refuse / service corridor 19. incinerator room 24
  25. 25. key 1. wash / change rooms 2. void 3. roof over dives 4. restaurant 5. buffet Upper Mezzanine Level Plan 6. store / services 7. kitchen 8. bridge connection 9. lift / services core 10. hydraulic platform lift 11. aquarium 25
  26. 26. key 1. caves landscape edge 2. rooftop terrace 3. deep dives 4. boat launch platform 5. pond Landscape Plan 6. power divers run 7. planter boxes 8. aquarium promenade 9. function lobby 26
  27. 27. key 1. energy wall 2. operable ventilation chimney 3. ribbed dome structure 4. dive arena 5. operable louvre façade Diagrammatic Section A-A 6. pond 7. kitchen 8. bridge connection 9. lift / services core 10. hydraulic platform lift 11. aquarium 12. dive platform 13. water lock 14. lecture room 15. retail 16. interactive simulator 17. buffet 18. restaurant 27
  28. 28. 7.0 Conclusion The fundamental philosophy that has guided the creation of Deep Dive Dubai underscores the need to address current critical marine environmental and ecological concerns, while promoting the development of mastery in the sport of diving. By providing the facilities that meet these objectives, a framework for marine based scientific and educational collaboration with institutions throughout the world can be established. As a place for training in the various techniques of diving, it is ideally positioned to assist in the commercialization of associated applications that embody similar principals of forward thinking, precision and sophistication. Its architecture invites different levels of perceptual appreciation from the sculptural forms of its spaces to the resolution of advanced technologies including the appreciation of environmental and sustainable opportunities. As an educational facility, it incorporates both practical and academic programs, and as a venue, it provides for multiple layers of sensory experiences ranging from enjoyment of its surroundings to the excitement of extreme sport. This holistic approach will create an experience that will capture the imagination and enthusiasm of future users, and in doing so, be a memorable and unique experience for the divers of the world. 28
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