Retelling
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  • 1. Retelling: A Reading Strategy Created by Mrs. Cowan
  • 2. What is retelling?
    • Retelling is when a reader tells the story he/she has read in his/her own words.
    • Retelling provides an opportunity for readers to process what they have read by organizing it and explaining it to others.
  • 3. When do you retell a text?
    • A retelling can occur at anytime to test the comprehension of the text.
    • Retelling is done to make sure the reader understood the story.
    • Retelling usually occurs AFTER the story has been read.
    • Retelling can occur at any point in a story.
  • 4. How do you retell a text?
    • First, you retell what happened in the story in order.
    • This means you tell what happened in the beginning, middle, and end of the story.
    • You include the setting and the characters.
    • Also included are the problem and solution (if applicable).
    • Your retelling should answer the 5 w questions: who, what, when, where and why.
  • 5. What questions can you ask to retell a text?
    • What happened in the beginning, middle, and end of the story?
    • Where/When does the story take place?
    • Who are the characters in the story?
    • Tell me about the story.
    • What else do you recall?
    • What is the main idea and supporting details of the story?
  • 6. Your turn to retell the text.
    • ONCE upon a time there was a prince who wanted to marry a princess; but she would have to be a real princess. He traveled all over the world to find one, but nowhere could he get what he wanted. There were princesses enough, but it was difficult to find out whether they were real ones. There was always something about them that was not as it should be. So he came home again and was sad, for he would have liked very much to have a real princess.One evening a terrible storm came on; there was thunder and lightning, and the rain poured down in torrents. Suddenly a knocking was heard at the city gate, and the old king went to open it.
  • 7. Your turn to retell the text.
    • It was a princess standing out there in front of the gate. But, good gracious! what a sight the rain and the wind had made her look. The water ran down from her hair and clothes; it ran down into the toes of her shoes and out again at the heels. And yet she said that she was a real princess.”Well, we'll soon find that out,” thought the old queen. But she said nothing, went into the bed-room, took all the bedding off the bedstead, and laid a pea on the bottom; then she took twenty mattresses and laid them on the pea, and then twenty eider-down beds on top of the mattresses.
  • 8. Your turn to retell the text.
    • On this the princess had to lie all night. In the morning she was asked how she had slept.”Oh, very badly!” said she. “I have scarcely closed my eyes all night. Heaven only knows what was in the bed, but I was lying on something hard, so that I am black and blue all over my body. It's horrible!” Now they knew that she was a real princess because she had felt the pea right through the twenty mattresses and the twenty eider-down beds.Nobody but a real princess could be as sensitive as that.So the prince took her for his wife, for now he knew that he had a real princess; and the pea was put in the museum, where it may still be seen, if no one has stolen it.There, that is a true story.
  • 9. Now your turn to retell the text.
    • Turn to a partner and discuss the text.
    • Be sure to tell what happened in the story in great detail.
    • Remember, a retelling is when you tell the story again in your own words in great detail.
  • 10. Conclusion
    • Retelling is done to make sure the reader understood the story.
    • Retelling usually occurs AFTER the story has been read.
    • Your retelling should answer the 5 w questions: who, what, when, where and why.
    • A retelling is when you describe what happened in the story in great detail in your own words.
    • A retelling is not summarizing. Summarizing is a short, condensed retelling.