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Barkin decrecbarcelona
 

Barkin decrecbarcelona

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    Barkin decrecbarcelona Barkin decrecbarcelona Presentation Transcript

    • DEGROWTH: New Strategies for Strengthening Tradition
    • The Fathers of the Scientific Revolution Galileo Galilei Francis Bacon Descartes Isaac Newton Theirs was a mechanical, reductionist vision of the world and the universe. Their vision is the basis for the concept and method of modern science and the western model of development.
    • Francis Bacon: Nature has to be “hounded in her wanderings”, “bound into service”, and made a “slave”. She was to be “put in constraint”, and the aim of the scientist was to “torture nature’s secrets from her”.
    • Figure 3: Building sustainability: Social and environmental responsibility Social responsibility Environmental responsibility Participation Communal Territory as Cultural and Work shelter Cohesion Democracy Communality Zoning S Restoration Technological innovation M for sustainability Exploitation R Conservation R Autonomy Support Political- D. of communal Surplus Food networks cultural productive Generation Sovereignty training forces
    • NEW COMMUNITARIAN RURALITY (Actors creating new persona) Strategic approach: Sustainable Regional Resource Management (People rewriting theory)
    • Heterodox Ecological Economics Moving Forward • Mainstream science: critical pol. econ. of productive structures and growth • Heterodox paradigm : commitment w/ viable alternatives for well-being • Post-normal science: conservation, production and protection • EE: creating new social-productive models
    • Alternative social models A homogenous Diverse model worlds • Modernization: • Rural resurgence • Urban-industrial; • Dynamic agriculture • Interdependence; • Productive diversity • market segmentation • Integrated societies • production integrated with • Advanced technologies ecosystem use/protection • Backwardness • Self-sufficiency Science for Capital Science for well-being 7
    • Struggles for local development Strategic principles: • Autonomy • Self-Sufficiency • Productive diversification • Ecosystem management
    • QUALITY OF LIFE • Construction–ecological, social, economic criteria • Renewable energy sources • Local materials and natural resources • Purchasing policies: local sources, SMEs • Encourage productive networks (linkages) and broad participation • Codify local epistemologies (post-normal science)
    • SOCIAL RESPONSES • Formulating local strategies • Building models of coexistence to combat proletarianization • No noble savage; modern autonomy • Redefining global threats to “los de abajo” • Population question: ≠ Malthusianism A matter of gender equality/freedom
    • A SOLIDARITY ECONOMY • Strengthen COLLECTIVE collaboration • Use local KNOWLEDGE about production and ecosystems • Create synergies among producers: PRODUCTIVE LINKAGES • Identify QUALITY products and ecologically SUSTAINABLE systems • Implement regional circuits for BARTER markets
    • WATER: Conflict, Marginality, Sickness Abuses (Tribunal LA del Agua): • Inadequate services: Quantity and quality • Deficient infrastructure: Partial coverage; bad maintenance • Forgotten ecosystems: Recharge • Industrial impunity: Mining; agroindustry; industrial/urban discharges 12
    • WATER: Life, Collaboration, Sustenance Possibilities for social organization : • Universal service: Principle of solidarity • Quality of life : Education to change consumption pattern • Technological change: Quality; availability; conservation 13
    • The New Culture of Water (Mexicanized) Fundamental principles: 1) Social Economy: (free) • Water as a human right • Water for environmental needs • Water for social solidarity 2) Capitalist Economy: (auction) • Water for economic and social development (punish and end illegal uses of water) 14
    • The scandalous/careful socio-political construction of NATURAL DISASTERS 15
    • Ecotourism: Scale and control
    • Water Forever http://www.quali.com.mx
    • INNOVATING TRADITION Point of departure: “Discover” vernacular knowledge: avocados reduce cholesterol in mammals Response: Develop a diet for hogs to rescue a traditional system of backyard animal husbandry for fattening pigs
    • STRENGTHEN TRADITION Challenge: “Identify” social significance to community and problems of producers without choices Response: Develop a diet to strengthen local economy w/ Omega-3 eggs Result: Individual activity community responsibility 20
    • I R D R I R G I A T P I O N State of the Art Technology
    • Productive Forestry With wood from pruning
    • Fair Trade (http://www.artinoaxaca.addr.com)
    • Waste Water Treatment Plants
    • Water: Use / Treatment Local adaptations of state of the art technologies ▲ High-valued products ► Opportunities for local management and work 25
    • MULBERRY • Highly adaptable • Multiple uses: – Food for silk worms – Forage for livestock sheep, cattle, goats as well as rabbits, hogs, poultry – Landscape values – Pharmaceutical uses
    • Silk Worm (Bombyx mori)
    • The Silk Worm Cycle A 60 day cycle is aborted in the cocoon phase to obtain silk thread.
    • OBJETIVES Initiate sustainable management of mulberry and silk worms • 1. Establish nurseries and mulberry plantations in community forests • 2. Establish and adapt rooms for raising silk worms in local households • 3. Produce silk work cocoons and transform them into silk thread • 4. Market silk thread and develop its incorporation into artisan production.
    • OTHER WORLDS ARE POSSIBLE SAY NO TO “TINA” “There is no Alternative” (Margaret Thatcher – World Bank)
    • DEGROWTH: New Strategies for Public Water Management Strengthening Tradition Lessons for Democratization barkin@correo.xoc.uam.mx David Barkin Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana – Xochimilco Sources: Wealth, Poverty and Sustainable Development D. Barkin 7 Noviembre 2007 Water Management in Mexico Urban CISDA: Analizando el agua 31