Multiple Sources, Dimensions, and Strategies of Degrowth Presentation Transcript
Multiple Sources, Dimensions, and Strategies of Degrowth François Schneider Research & Degrowth ICTA, UAB [email_address] WWW.DEGROWTH.NET
Outline 1- What is degrowth? 2- Why Degrowth? The multiple Sources. 3- Rebound Effect – Jevons Paradox 4- What Grows/Degrows? The multiple Dimensions 5- How to Degrow? For the process of transformation: the multiple Strategies.
What is degrowth? A democratic collective decision , a project with the ambition of voluntarily getting closer to ecological sustainability and socio-environmental justice worldwide. Cleaner Production 18 (2010) 511–51 It means LESS
Clarifications for Sustainable Degrowth
The first degrowth: degrowth of inequity
Process of transformation
Lower actual and potential consumption and production
Diverse : generalisable but unique lifestyles
Personal and collective at local and global levels
NOT a universal concept
Transition to multi-dimentional mildly-fluctuating
Taking account of global consequences
Innovative (frugal innovation)
These concepts do not deal with limits to growth
Green new deal
Higher quality of life
Improvement of well-being
Get out of the schizophrenia between the green/social discourse and the growth policies
Get into concrete propositions on the political and personal level
Different Degrowth Sources a- Culturalism : Challenge to profit making, development and uniformity. Latouche, Rist, Caillé etc. b- Meaning of life: Bringing meaning in our relation to the world. Thoreau, Gandhi, Rabhi etc. c- Democracy : Degrowth for democratization. Illich, Fotopoulos, Cheynet etc d- Bioeconomy : Degrowth of exploitation of natural ressources, Smith-Bleek, Georgescu-Roegen etc. e- Ecology : Defense of ecosystems. Odum, etc... f- Egalitarism : Degrowth of inequality & exploitation of other humans. Kempf, Sachs, Ariès etc. Source: inspired from Flipo Fabrice
We can travel further
Reduced fuel costs
More fuel efficient cars
Savings can be reallocated to more production or consumption
En 1760 En 1910 for 1kwh for 1kwh Energy efficiency reduces Coal consumption?
William Stanley JEVONS in 1865 “ The very contrary is the truth”
From 1760 to 1910: production of energy from coal increase by a factor 2000. Increase of production was made possibly by the increase of the multidimensional capacity to exploit coal From 1760 to 1910: consumption of coal per kwh reduce by a factor 50 In 1760 energy production from coal is limited by prohibitive costs. Source: Victor
The reduction of exploitation of natural resources and humans needs: Degrowth of the capacities to exploit them What should degrow?
Efficiency in fulfilling needs
Growth policy relax collective limits to production and consumption
Limits to consumption and production are reached
Increase liquidities, grant rights to make money to banks, capital flow, export policies; reduce value of natural resources or person work
Increase working hours, later retirement, overwork, sunday/night work, suppress speed limits, longer opening hours...
New mining areas, new resources, subsidies to extraction, ...
More roads, airport, industry, internet, urbanisation...
Barriers to mutualisation, less property free...
Advertising, rebound unawareness, externalising…
Fiscal paradises, bank secrets..
Money Infrastructures Access to Natural Resources Unawareness Unsatisfied needs Inequality Time Deregulation Dimensions of the capacity to exploit Human Institutions Resource flows
Leaving some resources in the environment WG 8-10-16-17-22 Ceiling to Ressources use
Reducing total infrastructure capacity WG 6 Infrastructure WG 9 Waste WG14 Metabolism WG15 Cities
Reducing monetary capacity to exploit WG 1 Money WG 2 Finances
WG 5 work-sharing Reducing time to exploit
WG 7 Sense Perill Econòmic! ! Ecologic! Més Petit !! Més Lleuger !! Més Ràpid Millor per a la salut Advertising break Equitatiu
Sharing “with the world” or with identified people WG 4 Property WG 11 Sharing
Degrowth of inequalities WG 12 basic income ceiling on income
WG 3 Social Economy Against deregulation Social rights, ecological and quality standards
How to degrow The process of transformation
Degrowth is about collectively reducing the space we take to leave space for everybody Sharing: - with the world (voluntary simplicity) - with our peers (joint use) Sharing
We need open localisation: - connection with the diversity in all places - reducing distance between production and consumption Closedness no Closeness si Open-localism
Convergence of strategies 2- Alter-growth
Voluntary simplicity and frugal innovations
1- Anti-growth: opposition a- Civil disobedience to banks b- Clown action c- Anti-nano action; Anti-adverts action d- Blocking of mining site e- Opposition to mega-projects f- Landless demonstration in India 4- De-growth
Political actions for the change of institutions a- Promotion of gift economy b- Engaged artists c- Deepening democracy: more direct and participative d- Leaving more resources in/on the ground e- Radical ecology f- For redistribution
5- No-growth: actions for steady state of institutions a- Political struggle to maintain non-market relations b- Conservation of art tradition c- Defense of democratic institutions d- Conservation of resources e- Defense of ecosystems f- Defense of equality rights 3- A-growth: Against “growth religion” Theorisation & Vulgarisation Degrowth work in science and arts
Degrowth direction Less and different in the Global North; More and different in the Global South. Less urbanised areas; More natural areas preserved. Less useless products, Less waste and incineration; More reuse and composting. Less urban space; More cohousing. Less cars, trucks, planes, roads, airports; More bicycles and public transport. Less speed and distance; more (open) relocation More “face to face” meeting; less “screen to screen”
Less supermarkets Less tourism; more travel, local, long & slow. Less industrial agriculture; more organic & vegan. Less fossil and nuclear energy; more renewable energy. Less explosives, buldozers and other “extractors” Less advertizing; more independent information (...) Degrowth direction