The Sacraments

A sacrament is an
external and sensible
sign, instituted by
Christ, that causes the
grace it signifies.
Sacraments in the Old Testament
 Through the action of the Holy

Spirit, certain sacramental rites in
the Old Law prefigu...
The Institution of the Sacraments by Christ
 God is the Principal author of all the

Sacraments.
 He established the sac...
Matter Form and Minister
 Matter: is the material or the sensible
action or gesture.

 Form: the accompanying words that...
Necessity of the Sacraments
 The sacraments are necessary for

salvation
 Christian Community – Holy Orders
and matrimon...
Effects of the Sacraments
 The Sacraments produce supernatural

grace.
 Sanctifying Grace - a free gift of God
that prod...
Minister of the Sacraments
 Icon and representative of Christ

the priest.
 Only a validly consecrated man, or
at least ...
Obligation of the
Ministers
Sacred ministers may not
deny the sacraments to
those who opportunely ask
for them, are prope...
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Lesson 3 the sacraments

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Lesson 3 the sacraments

  1. 1. The Sacraments A sacrament is an external and sensible sign, instituted by Christ, that causes the grace it signifies.
  2. 2. Sacraments in the Old Testament  Through the action of the Holy Spirit, certain sacramental rites in the Old Law prefigured the sacraments of the New Law.  Circumcision (Baptism)  Paschal Lamb (Hoy Eucharist)  Various Purification and Expiation  Consecration of Levites  These rites, however did not confer
  3. 3. The Institution of the Sacraments by Christ  God is the Principal author of all the Sacraments.  He established the sacraments through the humanity of Christ.  All of the Sacraments were instituted by Christ (Council of Trent)  Christ so specifically determined the matter and form of the Sacraments that it is not licit to substantially change them.
  4. 4. Matter Form and Minister  Matter: is the material or the sensible action or gesture.  Form: the accompanying words that declare the special meaning of that external action or gesture.  Minister: minister is an icon and a representative of Christ.
  5. 5. Necessity of the Sacraments  The sacraments are necessary for salvation  Christian Community – Holy Orders and matrimony  Individual – Baptism, Penance, Eucharist, Confirmation, and Extreme Unction Without them, there is no salvation
  6. 6. Effects of the Sacraments  The Sacraments produce supernatural grace.  Sanctifying Grace - a free gift of God that produces a supernatural participation in the divine nature, thus making us children of God.  Sacramental Grace – sacramental grace can be described as the right to receive actual graces needed to fulfil
  7. 7. Minister of the Sacraments  Icon and representative of Christ the priest.  Only a validly consecrated man, or at least one lawfully chosen for this purpose by a legitimate authority, can administer the sacraments.  Ordinary minister – by his office or position has the authority.  Extraordinary minister – can
  8. 8. Obligation of the Ministers Sacred ministers may not deny the sacraments to those who opportunely ask for them, are properly disposed and are not prohibited by law from receiving them.

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