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Entrepreneruship in North East India

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The North Eastern Region is lagging behind other states of India. A major boost can be provided by promoting entrepreneurship in North Eastern Region of India

The North Eastern Region is lagging behind other states of India. A major boost can be provided by promoting entrepreneurship in North Eastern Region of India

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  • 1. P R E S E N T E D B Y : D E E P J Y O T I G U R U N G N E R I S T ENTREPRENEURSHIP A P A N A C E A T O S O C I O E C O N O M I C P R O B L E M S O F N O R T H E A S T E R N R E G I O N (N E R ) , I N D I A
  • 2. INTRODUCTION TO NER, INDIA • Longitude: 89.46 degree to 97.30 degree East • Latitude: 21.57 degree to 29.30 degree North • Area: 2.62.179 sq. km. (8% of India’s Geographical region) • Total Population: 4,55,87,976 • 7 sisters and 1 brother grouped under MDONER set up in September 2001 • Recognized under North Eastern Council (NEC)
  • 3. SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROBLEMS • Monthly Per Capita Income (in Rupees) : • All India: Rural- 972.80, Urban- 859.60 • NER: • Rural – Except Nagaland (1016.80) all are below national MPCI • Urban - Tripura (782.70) is below national MPCI • Poverty Ratio of NER and all India (% of persons under BPL): • All India: 29.80% • Assam (37.90%) and Manipur (47.10%) (** source: http://www.mdoner.gov.in/content/poverty-estimates)
  • 4.  Socio-Economic deprivation level: (**Source: Khan J.H, Shamshad and Hassan T., Unemployment and Levels of Socio- Economic Deprivation in India: A Regional Perspective, British Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, January 2012, Vol. 3 (2)) Category Name of the states HIGH Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh MEDIUM Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura, Meghalaya, Assam, West Bengal, Sikkim, Jharkhand, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Maharasthtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Goa and Tamil Nadu LOW Himachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Kerala
  • 5. Unemployment Rate per thousand persons in labor force All India: 68 North Eastern States: Tripura : 141 Nagaland: 159 Assam: 66 Others : Not promising (**Source: DG, NSSO)
  • 6.  Horticultural products: Citrus, banana, pineapple, papaya, jackfruit, ginger, turmeric, potato, chilies. (** Source: Study conducted by CMI Social Research Centre, Oct-Nov 2005)  Handicrafts and Handlooms: Carpet making, masks, painted wood vessels, bamboo and cane crafts, silk weaving , woodcarving, metal bowls, musical instruments, ornaments etc. (** Source: http://ignca.nic.in/craft004.htm)
  • 7.  Mineral Resources (**Source: Geological Survey of India, North Eastern Region (2012), Base document of CGPB COMMITTEE - VIII Geology and Mineral Resources of North Eastern Region ) State Minerals Nagaland Petroleum Oil Meghalaya Quartzite deposits, Phosphates, china clay, dolomite, silimanite, carborundum, Uranium, copper Assam Sandstone and shale, Glass sand Manipur Platinum group of elements (PGE): Sikkim Base metal and gold A.P. Coal, Dolomite, Limestone, Graphite, Marble, Lead and Zinc Mizoram Lignite, sandstone and pyrites
  • 8.  Tourist Attractions : State Places to visit/ Experience Arunachal Pradesh Golden Namgyal Lhatse (Tawang Monastery), Parasuramkund, Malinithan, Itanagar city, Gyakar Sinyi (Ganga Lake), Lake Paradise (Sela Lake) etc. Assam Kaziranga Wildlife sanctuary, Talatal Ghar, Manas National Park, Sibsagar town, Charaideo, Majuli, Sualkuchi boat race, Nameri National Park etc. Manipur Loktak lake, Singda Dam, Imphal city, Govindajee Temple, Khwairamband Bazar etc. Meghalaya Living root bridge, Nokrek National Park, Mawlynnong village, Nohsngithiang waterfalls, Elephant falls, Nohkalikai falls, Jantia hills, Mawkdok Dympep Valley, Kyllang rock, Mawsynram village etc. Mizoram Thalfavang Kut festival, Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary, Pukzing Cave, Milu Puk, Palak lake, Tamdil Lake, Phawngpui mountain, Phulpui grave, Tomb of Vanhimailian etc. Nagaland Hornbill festival, Shillio Lake, Touphema village, Japfu peak trek, Dzukou Valley etc. Sikkim Phodong Monastery, Goecha La trek, Yumthang Valley, Ravangla town, Yak safari, Tsomgo Lake, Rumtek Monastery, Gurudongmar Lake, Nathula Pass etc. Tripura Neermahal, Unakoti Hills, Ujjayanta Palace, Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary, Tripura Sundari Temple, Unakoti, Pilak, Jampui hills etc.
  • 9.  Entrepreneur converts a source into a resource (Peter F. Drucker, 1964)  Entrepreneurs are the persons who shift economic resources out of an area of lower productivity to an area of higher productivity and greater yield. (Jean-Baptiste Say, 1803)  Entrepreneur are very important in developing economies (Kilby 1971)
  • 10.  Poor transportation facilities and connectivity with potential markets  Psychological barrier of government job as the best option for earning should be changed  Lack of support to the entrepreneurs
  • 11.  Sahu P.P., Employment Situation in North Eastern Region of India: Recent Trends and Emerging Challenges, NLI Research Studies Series No:: 096/2012  Indian Chamber of Commerce, India’s North-East Diversifying Growth Opportunities  Geological Survey of India, North Eastern Region (2012), Base document of CGPB COMMITTEE - VIII Geology and Mineral Resources of North Eastern Region  CMI Social Research Centre (October-November 2005), Export potential of horticultural products from NE states’ study  Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, Agricultural Statistics at a Glance  Khan J.H, Shamshad and Hassan T., Unemployment and Levels of Socio- Economic Deprivation in India: A Regional Perspective, British Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, January 2012, Vol. 3 (2)  http://www.thrillophilia.com/blog/things-to-do-in-north-east-india/
  • 12.  Indian Mineral Yearbook 2011 (Part 1) 50th edition (advance release) State reviews (Mizoram & Nagaland), Government of India, Ministry of Mines, Indian Bureau of Mines, http://ibm.gov.in/IMYB2011(20)- MIZORAM%20&%20NAGALAND.pdf

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