Jodhpur Rajasthan • IndiaJodhpurDistrict(s) JodhpurCoordinates 26.28° N 73.02° ETime zone IST (UTC+5:30)Area 75.50 km² (29 mi²)• Elevation • 231 m (758 ft) 846,408UNIQ706afd2d36b9 8,592-ref-000,034CB- QINU (2001)Population • 11,210/km²• Density •• Agglomeration 951,000UNIQ706afd2d36b9 8,592-ref-000,034CC- QINU (2005)Codes• Postal • 342001• Telephone • ++91-291• Vehicle • RJ 19
Jodhpur pronunciation ( ), is the second largest city in the Indian state ofRajasthan. It was formerly the seat of a princely state of the same name, alsoknown as Marwar. Jodhpur is a popular tourist destination, featuring manybeautiful palaces, forts and temples, apart from a stark, scenic desert landscape.The city is known as the "Sun City" for the bright, sunny weather it enjoys all year.It is also referred as the Blue City due to the indigo tinge of the whitewashedhouses around the Mehrangarh Fort. Jodhpur is also known for gentleness of itspeople. Jodhpur lies near the geographic center of Rajasthan state, which makes ita convenient base for travel in a region much frequented by tourists. The old cityof Jodhpur is surrounded by a thick stone wall. The wall has six huge gates calledNagauri gate, Merati gate, Sojati gate, Jalori gate, Siwanchi gate and Chand pol
GEOGRAPHYJodhpur was founded in 1459 by Rao Jodha, a Rajput chief belonging to the Rathoreclan. JodhpurRao Jodha succeeded in conquering the surrounding territory and thusfounded a state which came to be known as Marwar. As Rao Jodha hailed from thenearby town of Mandore, that town initially served as the capital of this state;however, Jodhpur soon took over that role, even during the lifetime of Rao Jodha.The city was located on the strategic road linking Delhi to Gujarat. This enabled it toprofit from a flourishing trade in opium, copper, silk, sandals, date palms and coffee.
HISTORYEarly in its history, the state became a fief under the mughal empire, owingfealty to them while enjoying some internal autonomy. During this period, thestate furnished the mughals with several notable generals such as MaharajaJaswant Singh. Jodhpur and its people benefited from this exposure to thewider world: new styles of art and architecture made their appearance andopportunities opened up for local tradesmen to make their mark acrossnorthern India.Aurangzeb briefly sequesterated the state (c.1679) on the pretext of a minority,but the rightful ruler was restored to the throne after Aurangzeb died in 1707.The mughal empire declined gradually after 1707, but the Jodhpur court wasbeset by intrigue; rather than benefitting from circumstances, Marwardescended into strife and invited the intervention of the Marathas, who soonsupplanted the mughals as overlords of the region. This however did notmake for stability or peace; 50 years of ruinous wars and humiliating treatiesdissipated the wealth of the state, which sought and gratefully entered intosubsidiary alliance with the British in 1818.During the British Raj, the state of Jodhpur was the largest in Rajputana, if sizebe reckoned by land area. Jodhpur prospered under the peace and stabilitythat were a hallmark of this era. Its merchants, the Marwaris, flourishedwithout let or limit and came to occupy a position of dominance in trade
ECONOMYThe Handicrafts industry has in recent years eclipsed all other industries inthe city. By some estimates, the furniture export segment is a $200 millionindustry, directly or indirectly employing as many as 200,000 people. Otheritems manufactured include textiles, metal utensils, bicycles, ink and sportinggoods. A flourishing cottage industry exists for the manufacture of such itemsas glass bangles, cutlery, carpets and marble products. After handicrafts,tourism is the second largest industry of Jodhpur.Crops grown in the district include wheat and the famous Mathania redchillies. Gypsum and salt are mined. The city serves as an importantmarketplace for wool and agricultural products.The Indian Air Force, Indian Army and Border Security Force maintaintraining centers at Jodhpur.
MONUMENTSA number of historical monuments dot the city and surrounding region. Some ofthese monuments are described here.Osiyan Temple: An ancient Jain temple, well worth the visit, lies in the village ofOsiyan, about 60 km outside Jodhpur. There are many sections of this temple,which was built in several distinct phases.Umaid Bhawan Palace:The Umaid Bhawan Palace is not only one of Indias mostimposing palaces but also among its most recent. This lavish art deco monument toroyal living had an improbable conception: it was built as a public relief andemployment project during a long period of drought. Over one million square feet(90,000 m²) of the finest marble was used in the construction of the palace. A specialtype of sandstone, called Chittar sandstone, has been used in constructing thepalace and this gives it a special effect. For this reason, it is also referred to asChittar Palace by the locals.Its style of construction, with beautiful balconies, charming courtyards, greengardens and stately rooms, makes it a fine example of Indo-Saracenic architecture.The project employed three thousand artisans over a period of 15 years (1929-1943).The palace is named after its builder, Maharaja Umaid Singh, who was incidentallythe president of the British Royal Institute of Architects In 1977, the palace wasconverted into a heritage hotel. The Palace is now segmented into the royalresidence, the Heritage Hotel and the museum. Its 98 air-conditioned rooms areelegantly decorated with antique furniture as well as all the other amenities of a
Mehrangarh Fort: The Mehrangarh Fort liesat the outskirts of Jodhpur city and is located atop a 125 m high hill. Themagnificent Mehrangarh Fort (Jodhpur ka kila) is the most majestic and one ofthe largest forts in India. It was originally started (c.1459) by Rao Jodha,founder of Jodhpur. However, most of the extant fort dates from the period ofJaswant Singh (1638-78). The walls of the fort are up to 36 m high and 21 mwide; they enclose some exquisite structures.The fort museum houses an exquisite collection of palanquins, howdahs, royalcradles, miniatures, musical instruments, costumes and furniture. Theramparts of Mehrangarh Fort provide not only excellently preserved cannonsbut also a breath-taking view of the city.Jaswant Thada: The Jaswant Thada is architectural landmark found inJodhpur. It is a white marble memorial built in 1899 in memory of MaharjaJaswant Singh II. The monument, in its entirety, is built out of intricatelycarved sheets of marble. These stones are extremely thin and polished so thatthey emit a warm glow when the suns rays dance across their surface. Withinthis cenotaph, there are also two more tombs.
OTHER PLACES TO SEEGirdikot and Sardar marketMaha Mandir ( temple)Government MuseumMandoreKalinga Lake and GardenBalsamand LakeSardar Samand lake and palaceDhawa ( Dholi) forest areaKhichanOsian FAIRS & FESTIVALMarwar festivalGangaurTeejNag Panchmi fair
CUISINEA number of Indian delicacies have originated in Jodhpur . To name a few, thedelectable Makhaniya Lassi, Mawa Kachori, Pyaaj Kachori, Hot & SpicyMirchibada (A preparation made with potato, onion, chili and gramflour),Panchkuta, lapsi (a special kind of desert made with wheat, gud (raw sugar),and ghee), kachar mircha curry (specially made with chili and kachar, aspecial type of vegetable grown in desert area) and Kadhi (specially madewith gramflour, curd and chili). DEMOGRAPHICSAs of 2001 India censusGRIndia, Jodhpur had a population of 846,408. Malesconstitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Jodhpur has an averageliteracy rate of 67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is75%, and female literacy is 58%. In Jodhpur, 14% of the population is under 6years of age.