VEHICLES USED IN CARGO HANDELING Port and shipping industry are interrelated with each other,one can’t think about ships n shipping industry by which ports doesn’t have any commercial significance.ships may be large and small sea going vessel,it can carry passengers n cargo.but they need certain platforms for loading,unloding and maintanance of ship.so,they need ports. Ports are the place where ships can take on or discharge cargo.countries economy mainly depends upon shipping,inindia,a large percent of foreign trade depends upon shipping.it goes upto 90% by volume n 70% by value. Trades between the country basically held up by shipping industry .shipping country is a commercial enterprise of moving cargos and passengers. The major trading done by the ships and the ports are cargo handling. Ships carry the cargo n delivers it through various mode of transportation. It includes road network,rail network and inland water network also.
In 2009-10, it is estimated cargo traffic will be 5.2% pa.it will improve further in 2010-11. In 2011-12 it is estimated traffic will be by 7.7% pa .
WAYS OF TRANSPORT: AIRWAYS ROADWAYS RAILWAYS WATERWAYS
TYPES OF TRUCKS: 1.HEAVY TRUCK 2.MEDIUM LIGHT WEIGHT TRUCK 3.SMALL TRUCK TRUCKS PLAYS VITAL ROLE IN LIFTING CARGO.THEY USUALLY CARRY UNDER ROAD TRANSPORT.
HEAVY TRUCKS Heavy hauler:Aheavy hauler is a very large transporter for moving oversize loads which are too large to go on a highway without an escort and special permit.this ship usually involve in carrying goods from General-cargo ships and from refer usually carrying steel,pipes,ores,small cars and perishable goods too.
Ballast tractor: A ballast tractor is a heavy haulageroad vehicle designed to pull or push heavy or exceptionally large loads the ballast tractor is designed or adapted to pull or push loads from a drawbar.it carry cargo from refer,barge carrying ships etc.
Dump truck: A dump truck or production truck is a truck used for transporting loose material (such as sand, gravel, or dirt) for construction,it carry cargos from port n take it to the desired station.
Semi-trailer truck: A semi-trailer truck, also known as tractor-trailerarticulated truck or articulated lorry, often abbreviated to artic, is an articulated vehicle consisting of a towing engine and a semi-trailer (plus possible additional trailers) that carries the freight.
Tow truck: A tow truck (also called a wrecker, a breakdown truck, recovery truck or a breakdown lorry), is a vehicle used to transport motor vehicles to another location (generally a repair garage), or to recover vehicles which are no longer on a drivable surface.
Flatbed truck: A flatbed truck is a type of truck which can be either articulated or rigid. It has an entirely flat, level body with absolutely no sides or roof. This allows for quick and easy loading of goods.
Tank truck: A tank truck or tanker lorry is a motor vehicle designed to carry liquefied loads, dry bulk cargo or gases on roads. The largest such vehicles are similar to railroadtank cars which are also designed to carry liquefied loads.
MEDIUM LIGHT TRUCKS Box truck: A box truck, also known as a cube truck, cube van, bob truck, box van, or straight truck, is a truck with a cube-shaped cargo area.
Kei truck: A Kei truck, or Japanese mini truck is a tiny but practical pickup truck available in RWD or 4WD version, built to satisfy the Japanese keijidōsha statutory class of light vehicles.
SMALL TRUCKS : Minivan A minivan, multi-purpose vehicle (abbreviated MPV), people-carrier, people-mover or multi-utility vehicle (shortened MUV) is a type of automobile similar in shape to a van that is designed for personal use.
Pickup truck: A pickup truck is a light motor vehicle with an open-top rear cargo area (bed) which is almost always separated from the cab to allow for chassis flex when carrying or pulling heavy loads.