CARGO HANDLING CARGO HANDLING IS DONE THROUGH FOUR MEANS OF TRANSPORT. 1 AIRWAYS. 2 WATERWAYS 3 RAILWAYS 4 ROADWAYS
AIRWAYS AIRWAYS IS THE FASTEST BUT MOST COSTLY MEANS OF TRANSPORT . THROUGH THIS MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION ONLY VALUABLE GOODS HAVING LESS VOLUME CAN BE TRANSPORTED.
WATERWAYS WATERWAYS IS THE CHEPEST MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION. LARGE VOLUME OF WORLD TRADE IS DONE THROUGH SHIPS. SHIPS HANDLE CARGO FROM ONE COUNTRY TO OTHER COUNTRY THROUGH SEA.
RAILWAYS RAILWAY PLAY A MAJOR ROLE IN CARGO HANDLING. IT HANDLE CARGO FROM SEA PORT TO VARIOUS PART OF THE COUNTRY. RAILWAY HAVE SPECIAL VAGONS TO CARRY THE CARGO. THROUGH IT LARGE VOLUME OF CARGO CAN BE HANDLED IN A SHORT PERIOD OF TIME.
ROADWAYS CARGO CAN’T BE HANDLED IN EVERY PART OF THE COUNTRY THROUGH RAILWAY. ROADWAYS PLAY A MAJOR ROLE IN HANDLING CARGO EVEN IN SMALL TOWN. ROADWAYS TRANSPORTATION IS DONE THROUGH TRUCKS. THERE ARE A NO. OF TRUCKS HAVING DIFFERENT CAPACITIES.
A truck (American English) or lorry (British English) is a motor vehicle commonly used for carrying goods and materials. Some light trucks/lorries are similar in size to a passenger automobile. Commercial transportation trucks/lorries or fire trucks can be large and can also serve as a platform for specialized equipment.
TYPES OF TRUCK:- There are many types of truck which are used to carry goods , articles, cargos e.t.c Trucks uses road for their transportation. It may be divided into different catogeries according to their capacity. Heavy trucks is mainly used for cargo handling , it is used for transporting cargos from port to their destination. We can divide trucks in to three catogeries:- LIGHT TRUCKS. MEDIUM TRUCKS. HEAVY TRUCKS.
LIGHT TRUCK :- Suzuki Carry : KEI TRUCK : A kei truck or Japanese mini truck is a tiny but practical pick up truck built to satisfy the statutory class of light vehicles. DESIGN:- Maximum height- 2.0 m Maximum length- 3.4 m Maximum width- 1.48m Maximum displacement- 660cc Weight- 700 Kg. Speed- 120 km/hr. Subaru Sambar, the first caboverkei truck in Japan.
MEDIUM TRUCK 1 PICKUP TRUCKS A pickup truck is a light motor vehicle with an open –top rear cargo area(bed) which is almost always separated from the cab to allow for chassis flex when carrying or pulling heavy loads. TYPES OF PICKUP TRUCKS 1 Compact pickup 2 Mid-size pickup 3 Fullsize pickup A full size pickup can carry at least 450kg. In the rear bed, with some capable of over six times that much. BED SIZE – 1.2m into 2.4m
MEDIUM TRUCK 2 BOX TRUCK A box truck, also known as a cube truck, cube van, bob truck, box van, or straight truck, is a truck with a cube-shaped cargo area. They usually range in size from 14 feet to 24 feet in length. Box trucks are usually used by companies that need to haul appliances or furniture. A COMMON BOX TRUCK
HEAVY TRUCK 1 FLAT BED TRUCK A flatbed truck is a type of truck which can be either articulated or rigid. It has an entirely flat, level body with absolutely no sides or roof. This allows for quick and easy loading of goods, and consequently they are used to transport heavy loads that are not delicate or vulnerable to precipitation, such as construction equipment, and also for abnormal loads that require more space than is available on a closed body. PART OF A TUNNEL BORING MACHINE ON A FLATBED TRUCK
HEAVY TRUCK 2 FIRE APPARATUS A fire apparatus, fire engine, fire truck, or fire appliance is a vehicle designed to assist in fighting fires by transporting firefighters to the scene and providing them with access to the fire, water or other equipment.
HEAVY TRUCH 3 DUMP TRUCK A dump truck or production truck is a truck used for transporting loose material (such as sand, gravel, or dirt) for construction. A typical dump truck is equipped with a hydraulically operated open-box bed hinged at the rear, the front of which can be lifted up to allow the contents to be deposited on the ground behind the truck at the site of delivery. A small dump truck
An Ashok Leyland Comet dump truck, this is a good example of a very basic 2x4 dump truck used for payloads of 10 tonnes or less Transfer dump trucks typically haul between 26 and 27 tons of aggregate per load Superdumps trucks can carry 26 tons of payload or more
HEAVY TRUCKS 4 TOW TRUCKS A tow truck (also called a wrecker, a breakdown truck, recovery truck or a breakdown lorry), is a vehicle used to transport motor vehicles to another location Tow trucks are usually operated by private businesses, except for major highways and toll roads Heavy Tow Trucks in action.
HEAVY TRUCKS 5 TANK TRUCK A tank truck or tanker lorry is a motor vehicle designed to carry liquefied loads, dry bulk cargo or gases on roads. Tank trucks are referenced by their size or volume capacity. Large trucks typically have capacities ranging from 5,500 gallons (20,820 litres) to 9,000 gallons (34,069 litres). Smaller tank trucks, have a capacity of less than 3,000 US gal (11,000 litres) Small truck which deliver LPG to household carry about 1,000gal(3,800 litres) TANK TRUCK
HEAVY TRUCK 6 HEAVY HAULER A heavy hauler is a very large transporter for moving oversize loads which are too large to go on a highway without an escort and special permit. The ability to carry loads of 2000 tons is not unusual.