Molybdenum Coating on Steel

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A presentation on Interlayer Assisted Molybdenum Coatings on Steel through LISI made by Deepak Rajput. It was presented as a seminar requirement at the University of Tennessee Space Institute.

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Molybdenum Coating on Steel

  1. 1. www.utsi.edu Deepak Rajput , Kathleen Lansford, Lino Costa, William Hofmeister Center for Laser Applications University of Tennessee Space Institute 411 B. H. Goethert Parkway Tullahoma, TN 37388 Interlayer Assisted Molybdenum Coatings on Steel through LISI TM Contact: drajput@utsi.edu PHYS 593 Independent Study: Physics Seminar
  2. 2. Properties of Mo <ul><li>High melting temperature (~2623 o C) </li></ul><ul><li>High hardness (~1530 VHN) </li></ul><ul><li>No reaction with water and oxygen at RT </li></ul><ul><li>Good weldability </li></ul><ul><li>Good ductility and fabricability </li></ul><ul><li>Good machinability </li></ul><ul><li>Good thermal conductivity </li></ul><ul><li>Low coefficient of thermal expansion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why Mo on Steel ? Improves hardness Improves corrosion resistance Improves high temperature strength
  4. 4. Direct LD of Mo on Steel: Problems <ul><li>Melting point of Mo (~2623 o C) is much higher than that of steel (~1530 o C). </li></ul><ul><li>Mo and Fe form high and low temperature intermetallics. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Solution <ul><li>Intermediate layers of materials that don’t form intermetallics with Steel and Mo </li></ul>Mo Fe Mo Fe IML intermetallics No intermetallics No intermetallics Phase diagrams show that Cr, V and Nb are the best intermediate layers (IML)
  6. 6. Chemistry & Stoichiometry <ul><li>Cr* = Cr + CrB 2 eutectic mixture (9:1) - IML </li></ul><ul><li>Mo* = Mo + MoB eutectic mixture (7:3) - ML </li></ul><ul><li>B gives additional hardness </li></ul>temperature Cr CrB 2 CrB 2 Cr % CrB 2 Cr + 10.5% CrB 2 Eutectic: System that melts at a temperature much lower than its constituents Cr-B and Mo-B form eutectic systems
  7. 7. Process: LISI TM <ul><li>Laser Induced Surface Improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Uses pre-placed powder (precursor) </li></ul><ul><li>Precursor = Metal powders + Binder </li></ul><ul><li>Dry for few hours </li></ul><ul><li>Laser process </li></ul><ul><li>Intermediate layer = Cr + 10.5%CrB 2 + 50% binder </li></ul><ul><li>Main layer = Mo + 30% MoB + 85% binder </li></ul>
  8. 8. Precursor Deposition Precursor mixture = Metal Powders + Binder Precursor mixture steel air Spray gun 250-300 μ
  9. 9. Laser Deposition Cr* = 165W, 25mm/s, Hatch 0.1mm @ 355mm Mo* = 180W, 25mm/s, Hatch 0.1mm @355mm Steel Cr IML Mo Layer
  10. 10. Coatings Cr* Intermediate Layer Mo* Main Layer Cr IML Mo ML Steel Substrate: 4340 Alloy Steel SEM pictures
  11. 11. EDS Analysis Cr IML Mo IML Fe: 11.9 % Fe: 11.5 % Cr: 21 % Mo: 67.5 % Cr: 88.1 % We are working !
  12. 12. Microhardness: Cr* IML Hardness: 1050 VHN
  13. 13. Microhardness: Mo* ML Hardness: 1200 - 1400 VHN
  14. 14. Erosion: Cr* IML
  15. 15. Erosion: Mo* ML
  16. 16. Erosion: Comparison Cr* IML Mo* ML
  17. 17. Summary <ul><li>A thick Mo coating </li></ul><ul><li>Dilution within permissible range </li></ul><ul><li>Very hard ML and IML </li></ul><ul><li>Erosion of the ML is worse than the IML </li></ul><ul><li>Overall: Good Mo coating! </li></ul><ul><li>(grade: B ) </li></ul><ul><li>No conclusion: We are still working !! </li></ul>
  18. 18. Further investigation <ul><li>XRD studies for phase determination </li></ul><ul><li>Wear studies </li></ul><ul><li>Fine tuning of process parameters to further reduce dilution and continuity of the layers </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Questions </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Thank You </li></ul><ul><li>(I appreciate your patience) </li></ul>

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