Leading cause of illness and death among children in developing countries. Estimated 1.3 thousand million episodes and 4 million deaths occur each year in under-fives. Main cause of death from acute diarrhoea is dehydration. Others dysentery and undernutrition. Epidemiology
Gastroenteritis is a nonspecific term for various pathologic states of the gastrointestinal tract.
The primary manifestation is diarrhea, but it may be accompanied by nausea,vomiting,dysentry and abdominal pain.
A universal definition of diarrhea does not exist, although patients seem to have no difficulty defining their own situation.
Types of GIT Infections and Their Symptoms
Gastroenteritis / Food Poisoning – syndrome characterized by GIT symptoms like nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea & abdominal discomfort
Diarrhea – Excess fluid in the intestinal lumen results in frequent, loose, watery stools.
Inflammatory diarrhea or dysentery – inflammation of the intestine with passage of frequent stools containing blood and pus; abdominal cramps and fever