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Computer hardware

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Transcript

  • 1. Sit Back And Relax. We Recommend You To GoThrough The Presentation For A Minimum Of 2 Times. ThisPresentation Is Designed For A Novice.
  • 2. Inside Today’s Desktop PC
  • 3. Section 1
  • 4. Introduction To Several Parts Of A Computer
  • 5. In This Section You Will Know About The Mother Board
  • 6. Mother Board
  • 7. In This Section You Will Know About The Mother Board CPU
  • 8. In This Section You Will Know AboutThe Mother BoardCPUSMPS
  • 9. SMPS
  • 10. In This Section You Will Know About The Mother Board CPU SMPS Cabinet
  • 11. Cabinet
  • 12. In This Section You Will Know About The Mother Board CPU SMPS Cabinet CPU Heat Sink & Fan
  • 13. CPU Heat Sink & Fan
  • 14. In This Section You Will Know About The Mother Board CPU SMPS Cabinet CPU Heat Sink & Fan RAM
  • 15. Random Access MemorySD (Synchronous Dynamic) RAM
  • 16. In This Section You Will Know About The Mother Board CPU SMPS Cabinet CPU Heat Sink & Fan RAM Hard Disk Drive (HDD)
  • 17. Hard Disk Drive (HDD)
  • 18. In this section you will know aboutThe Mother BoardCPUSMPSCabinetCPU Heat Sink & FanRAMHard Disk Drive (HDD)Floppy Disk Drive (FDD)
  • 19. Floppy Disk Drive (FDD)
  • 20. Contd…CD ROM Drive
  • 21. CD ROM Drive
  • 22. Contd…CD ROM DriveCD Writer
  • 23. CD Writer
  • 24. Contd…CD ROM DriveCD WriterDifferent Screws Used
  • 25. Screws
  • 26. Contd…CD ROM DriveCD WriterDifferent Screws UsedAGP Card
  • 27. AGP Card
  • 28. Contd…CD ROM DriveCD WriterDifferent Screws UsedAGP CardLAN Card
  • 29. LAN Card
  • 30. Mother Board
  • 31. Mother Board Socket 478
  • 32. Mother BoardNorth Bridge
  • 33. Mother BoardSouth Bridge
  • 34. A south bridge chipset handles controls all of thecomputers I/O functions, such as USB, audio, serial, thesystem BIOS, the ISA bus, the interrupt controller andthe IDE channels.The north bridge typically handles communicationsamong the CPU, in some cases RAM, and PCI Express(or AGP) video cards.CMOS is short for Complementary Metal-OxideSemiconductor. CMOS is an on-board semiconductorchip powered by a CMOS battery inside computers thatstores information such as the system time and date andthe system hardware settings for your computer.
  • 35. Mother BoardCMOS Battery
  • 36. Mother BoardPrimary & Secondary
  • 37. Mother Board Ports
  • 38. Mother Board RAM Slots SD RAM Slots DDR RAM Slots
  • 39. Mother Board AGP Slot
  • 40. Mother Board PCI Slots
  • 41. Mother Board CNR Slot
  • 42. Communications and Networking Riser (CNR) is aslot found on certain PC motherboards and used forspecialized networking, audio, and telephony equipment.Peripheral Component Interconnect,[1] part of thePCI Local Bus standard and often shortened toPCI) is a computer bus for attachinghardware devices in a computer.
  • 43. Mother Board BIOS
  • 44. Mother BoardATX PowerConnector
  • 45. Mother BoardFloppy Drive Connector
  • 46. Mother Board CD In Jacks
  • 47. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery
  • 48. Socket 478CPU Heat sink and FanRetention Module Locking Lever
  • 49. Socket 478 Close Up Socket Name Pin 1 Indication Locking Lever
  • 50. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery
  • 51. North Bridge
  • 52. Mother Board SD RAM Slots DDR RAM Slots North BridgeSocket 478 AGP Slot
  • 53. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery
  • 54. SouthBridge
  • 55. Mother Board Floppy Drive ConnectorPorts Primary Secondary BIOS PCI Slots
  • 56. CMOSBattery
  • 57. Secondary Primary
  • 58. CMOSJumper
  • 59. System Fan
  • 60. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery
  • 61. Ports (Back View)
  • 62. Ports (Front View) Ethernet Port Parallel Port Game PortMouse PortKeyboard Port Serial Port Sound Ports VGA Port USB Ports
  • 63. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery
  • 64. DDR RAM & SD RAM Slots 266 MHz 133 MHz
  • 65. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery
  • 66. AGP Slot Accelerated Graphics Port66MHz
  • 67. PCI Slots Peripheral Component Interconnect33MHz
  • 68. CNR SlotCommunications and Networking Raiser
  • 69. CNR, PCI, AGP Slots AGP Slot PCI Slots CNR Slot
  • 70. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery
  • 71. BIOSBasic Input Output System
  • 72. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery
  • 73. ATX Power Connector rFloppy Drive Connecto
  • 74. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery
  • 75. CD in
  • 76. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery CNR Slot
  • 77. Clock L2 CacheSpeed FSB Speed Core Voltage P – IV CPU Top View Pin 1Indication
  • 78. L2 Cache Pin 1Indication
  • 79. SMPS Switching Mode Power SupplySMPS Fan230 V AC Input230 V AC Output
  • 80. Red(R) +5V Purple(P) +5V Stand ByYellow(Y) +12V Blue(Blu) -12VOrange(O) 3.3V Green(G) Power Supply OnGrey(Gr) Power Good White(W) -5V ATX Power Connector O Blu B G B B B W R R 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 O O B R B R B Gr P Y
  • 81. 12V 5V GNDPeripheral Power Connector
  • 82. GND12V 5V Floppy Power Connector
  • 83. 12V ATX 12V Connector
  • 84. GND 5V 3.3V (P6) ATX Auxiliary Connector
  • 85. Cabinet Power Switch Power LED HDD LED Reset Switch
  • 86. SMPS Case MotherBoard Ports caseSystem Fan Case ADD ON Cards Cases
  • 87. CDD Cabin HDD & FDD Cabin Speaker
  • 88. CPU Heat Sink & Fan Locking Levers Fan 12V GND
  • 89. Random Access MemorySD (Synchronous Dynamic) RAM
  • 90. IDE – Integrated Drive Electronics Jumper Pins PowerIDE Connector Connecto r Hard Disk Drive (HDD)
  • 91. HDD Top View
  • 92. Instructions on Top of HDD
  • 93. Jumper Settings
  • 94. Floppy Disk Drive (FDD)Access LED Eject Button
  • 95. FDD Back ViewPower Connector Data Cable Connector
  • 96. CD ROM Drive
  • 97. Vendor Name Access LEDHead Phones Jack Volume Control
  • 98. Speed of a CDD52X = 52 x 150 KBps = 7800 KBps
  • 99. Pin Hole Open / Close Button
  • 100. CDD Rear View Jumper Pins IDE Connector Power ConnectorCD Audio Connectors
  • 101. CDD Connectors Specifications
  • 102. CDD Top View
  • 103. CD Writer
  • 104. CD Writer Rear View IDE Connector Jumper Pins Power ConnectorCD Audio Connectors
  • 105. Vendor Name Volume ControlHead Phones Jack
  • 106. Write Speed Read Speed Re Write Speed Pin HoleAccess LED Open / Close Button
  • 107. CD Writer Top View
  • 108. ScrewsOuter Inner Mother Board
  • 109. AGP Card
  • 110. AGP Card top view
  • 111. LAN Card
  • 112. RJ 45 Jack
  • 113. CablesFloppy Drive Cable IDE Cables
  • 114. 40 80 Conductor Conductor Cable CableLow Speed High Speed
  • 115. Section 2
  • 116. Assembling a P – IV PC
  • 117. In this section you will learnHow to assemble a Pentium – IV PC with• P – IV 1.6 GHz 478 pin CPU• KOB P4M266 NDFSMX Mother Board• 256 MB SD RAM• Sony FDD• Creative Infra 48X CD ROM Drive• Seagate 40 GB HDD• 10 /100 Realtek Ethernet Card
  • 118. Preparing the Chassis
  • 119. I / O Shield
  • 120. Installing the Mother Board
  • 121. Installing the CPU
  • 122. Installing the CPU fan
  • 123. Installing the RAM
  • 124. Installing the SMPS
  • 125. Installing the ATXPower Connector
  • 126. Installing the HDD
  • 127. Installing the FDD
  • 128. Powering the HDD & FDD
  • 129. Installing the CDROM Drive
  • 130. Installing the LAN Card
  • 131. Test Yourself Try to identify the componentsFROM NOW ON PRESS THE SPACE BAR TO PROCEED TO NEXT SLIDE
  • 132. Mother Board
  • 133. Mother Board
  • 134. Mother Board
  • 135. Mother Board
  • 136. Mother Board
  • 137. Mother Board
  • 138. Mother Board
  • 139. Mother Board
  • 140. Mother Board
  • 141. Mother Board
  • 142. Mother Board
  • 143. Mother Board
  • 144. Socket 478
  • 145. Socket 478 Close Up
  • 146. Mother Board
  • 147. SMPS
  • 148. Red(R) +5V Purple(P) +5V Stand ByYellow(Y) +12V Blue(Blu) -12VOrange(O) 3.3V Green(G) Power Supply OnGrey(Gr) Power Good White(W) -5V O Blu B G B B B W R R 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 O O B R B R B Gr P Y
  • 149. 12V 5V GND
  • 150. GND12V 5V
  • 151. 12V
  • 152. GND 5V 3.3V (P6)
  • 153. IDE –
  • 154. Speed of a CDD 52X =
  • 155. CDD Rear View
  • 156. Screws
  • 157. Cables
  • 158. Conductor Conductor Cable CableSpeed Speed
  • 159. Thank You