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Hospital infections

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  • 1. Presented By: Deeksha Verma B.Pharm 2nd year M.E.T Faculty Of Pharmacy Moradabad
  • 2. What Are Hospital infections? Hospital infections are infections that are results of treatment in the hospitals/healthcare units. Infections are considered as hospital infections if they- •1st appear in 48 hours or more after hospital admission. •Within 30 days after discharge.
  • 3. “Nosokomeio” meaning HOSPITAL. Where, NOSOCOMIAL comes from the greek word „NOSOS‟ means Disease „KOMEO‟ means To Take care Of
  • 4. Prerequisites for infections A susceptible host A microbe capable of producing an infection An envt. Favorable for the growth of microbes
  • 5. Nosocomial infection From another patient/staff/envt. From the patient’s own flora Exo- genous Endo- genous Important sources are:- •Contaminated air,water,food and medicines •Used equipments •Soiled linen •Hospital waste(Bio-medical waste)
  • 6. Mode Of Transmission Contact Transmission Droplet Transmission Airborne Transmission Common vehicle Transmission Vector Borne Transmission Direct Transmission Indirect Transmission
  • 7. Prevention Of hospital Infections
  • 8. Preventions 1.Isolation 2.Handwashing And Gloving 3.Surface Senitisation 4.Aprons 5.Mitigation
  • 9. Isolation Isolation precautions are designed to prevent transmission of microorganisms by common routes in hospitals, Because agents and host factors are more difficult to control.
  • 10. Handwashing And Gloving Handwashing frequently is called the Single most important measure to Reduce the risk of transmitting skin Microorganisms from one person to Another or from one site to another On the same patient. In addition to handwashing, Gloves play an important role in reducing the risk of transmission of microorganism. They are worn to provide a protective barrier, also prevents from contamination of the hands when touching blood, body fluids, excretions, mucuos membranes etc.
  • 11. Surface senitisation Sanitising surfaces is an often overlooked yet critical component of breaking the cycle of infection in health care environments. Modern sanitizing methods such as NAV-CO2 have been effective against gastroenteritis, MRSA, and influenza. Use of hydrogen peroxide vapour has been clinically proven to reduce infection rates and risk of acquisition.
  • 12. Aprons Wearing an apron during patient care reduces the risk of infection. The apron should either be disposable or be used only when caring for a specific patient.
  • 13. Mitigation

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