Abu Muslim Khurasani

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1) INTRODUCTION …

1) INTRODUCTION

2) ABU MUSLM KHURASANI

3 )ABU MUSLIM PREACHES THE ABBASID REVOLUTION IN KHURASAN

4) THE ARAB TRIBESMEN OF KHURASAN ALLY AGAINST ABU MUSLIM

5) MASSACRE OF BANU UMAYYAD BY ABBASIDS

6) ABUL ABBAS SAFFAH THE CALIPH OF ABBASIDS

7) THE DEATH OF ABU MUSLIM

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  • 1. ABU MUSLIM KHURASANI
  • 2. INTRODUCTION
    • The propaganda of the Abbasid begun with the effort of Muhammad Bin Ali great grandson of Al-Abbas, the uncle of Prophet.
    • The objectives of the propaganda are in the name of Qur’an and the Sunnah in favour of imam, who though not designated must be representative of Hashimites.
    • Muhammad Bin Ali became leader of the Hashimate tribe which located at Humayma in 100 A.H/ 718 C.E.
    • His propaganda continues under non-Arab native Sajistan named Bukayr Bin Mahan at Khurasan
    • In 743 C.E, Muhammad’s death and his leadership were continued by his son Imam Ibrahim.
    • The two main strong supporter of the policy at that time were Abu Salama, the successor to Bukayr (d. 127/744) and Abu Muslim .
  • 3. ABU MUSLM KHURASANI
    • Abu Muslim’s real name was Ibrahim bin Uthman bin Bash-shar.
    • He was born in Isfahan.
    • He was raised and tutored by Isa Bin Musa Sarraj after the death of his father when he was 7 years old.
    • Qahtabah Bin Shabib invited Abu Muslim to Humayma and presented to Imam Ibrahim.
    • Imam Ibrahim had changed Abu Muslim’s real name from Ibrahim to Abdul Rahman.
    • Later he was well known as ‘Abu Muslim’, the kunya name given by Imam Ibrahim to replace his real name.
  • 4. ABU MUSLIM PREACHES THE ABBASID REVOLUTION IN KHURASAN  
    • Abu Muslim came to Marw on the first day of Ramadhan on May 16 747 and handled the Imam’s letter to Sulayman Kathir.
    • “ Proclaim your summons without delay. The time has come”
    • At this time the rebellious Judi Al-Kermani were fighting with Nasr Bin Sayyar (governor of Khurasan) for control in Khurasan.
    • Al Kermani was killed by Nasr bin Sayyar and his son Ali Bin Judi Kermani joined Abu Muslim.
    • Abu Muslim expelled Nasr from Merv and occupied it.
  • 5.
    • In 129 A.H/747 C.E, Imam Ibrahim wrote a letter to Abu Muslim commanding him to come to him during the pilgrimage in that year, so that he could give him his proper orders regarding the revolution.
    • On his way to Makkah, Abu Malik informed him Imam Ibrahim sent him a letter, a banner and a flag.
    • Imam asked him to turn back at Khurasan as soon he received it and openly declare the revolution.
    • He collect those who had taken oath and begin the use of power.
    • Most of the Arab tribesmen in Khurasan on that year swore an oath and also against Abu Muslim.
  • 6. THE ARAB TRIBESMEN OF KHURASAN ALLY AGAINST ABU MUSLIM
    • There were four powers in Khurasan who are Abu Muslim, Ali Bin Kermani, Nasr bin Sayyar and Shayban Khwarji.
    • Nasr Bin Sayyar wanted to reunite with Shayban Khwarji so that he might free to fight with Abu Muslim.
    • The first reconciliation was failed between Shayban and Nasr because Abu Muslim try to manipulated Ali Kermani by reminding that he fought because for the revenge of his father’s death.
    • Abu Muslim drew attention of Ali Kermani who was the partner of Shayban Kwarji.
  • 7.
    • Second truce for 1 year between Shayban and Nasr was successful. Again, Abu Muslim wrote to Kermani reminded him about the death of his father because of Nasr bin Sayyar.
    • Kermani sent message to Abu Muslim and asked him for helped against Nasr bin Sayyar. Abu Muslim agrees to ally with Kermani.
    • At last, Ali Kermani and Abu Muslim defeated Nasr bin Sayyar and Shayban Kwariji.
    • Nasr died at the age of 85 on 12 th Rabiul Awwal 131 A.H at Sada.
    • Abu Muslim killed Shayban at Sarakhs.
    • Later, he murdered Ali Kermani on the way to Nishapur.
  • 8. MASSACRE OF BANU UMAYYAD BY ABBADIDS
    • Imam Ibrahim’s wrote letter to Abu Muslim to kill all Arabic speaking people in Khurasan.
    • That was the first time Umayyad Caliphate heard about the conspiracy of Abbasids. Marwan II wrote to the governor of Balqa to go and arrest Imam Ibrahim at Hamimah after he returned from the pilgrimage eve in 129 A.H/ 747 C.E.
    • Unfortunately, Abu Muslim killed all the inhabitant of Khurasan whether non-Muslim or converter who had been supported Umayyad.
    • Khurasan became Iranian speaking people. It turned to be into Persian country again.
    • The Last Umayyad caliph, Marwan bin Mohammad (Marwan III) was killed in Egypt in 132 A.H. The main mission of Abbasid is now to massacre all of Banu Umayyah and his supporters all part of the world.
  • 9. ABUL ABBAS SAFFAH THE CALIPH OF ABBASIDS
    • In 132 A.H, Imam Ibrahim was died.
    • Abul Abbas as-Saffah became the Caliph of Abbasids in 132 A.H/ December 749 C.E.
    • In 136 A.H, Abu Muslim wrote a letter to Abu Abbas requesting permission to go on pilgrimage.
    • Abu Muslim and Abu Jaafar went to Makkah as pilgrim until the season hajj end in the year 136 A.H.
    • Abu al-Abbas Abdullah Bin Muhammad Bin Ali had died at Anbar on Sunday, 13 th of Dzulhijjah 136 A.H/ June 10, 754 C.E.
  • 10. THE DEATH OF ABU MUSLIM
    • Abu Jaafar Mansur became caliph in Muharram 137 A.H.
    • Abu Muslim felt annoyed when Caliph Abu Jaafar Mansur sent his servant, Abu Khaseeb to record the valuables large amount of spoils of war at Abdullah Bin Ali’s camp.
    • He thinks that Abu Jaafar did not believe on him.
    • Abu Jaafar heard this and wrote a certificate of governorship of Syria and Egypt in Abu Muslim’s name and sent it to him.
    • Caliph persuade Abu Muslim to came to the court.
  • 11.
    • Malik Bin Haitham advices Abu Muslim do not go to Abu Jaafar because he will killed him.
    • Abu Dawud Khalid Bin Ibrahim and Abu Muslim’s minister, Abu Ishaq Khalid Bin Uthman convinced Abu Muslim to visit Caliph.
    • Abu Muslim entered the court with honour and was given good treatment and pleasure on the first day he reached at caliph’s court.
    • On the next day, Abu Jaafar had planned to kill Abu Muslim. He already hidden Uthman bin Naheek, Shabeeb bin Rawh, Harb Bin Qais and others behind the veil and instructed them when he clapped, they should come out and kill him.
  • 12.
    • Abu Muslim came to the court and Abu Jaafar asked him about the two swords he had taken from Abdullah Bin Ali which one is on the side of Abu Muslim.
    • Soon, Abu Jaafar started to mention about the murder of Sulaiman Bin Kathir by Abu Muslim. Sulaiman was very loyal to Abu Jaafar since before Abu Muslim had joined Abbasids.
    • Abu Muslim wants to leave the court but Abu Jaafar start to mad and clapped his hands.
    • He was died on 25 Sya’aban 137 A.H.