        Chapter Seventeen
 Women’s movement in the 1960s and 1970s Community Mental Health Act, 1963 Disaster Relief Act, 1974      • Section 413...
   San Fernando, CA, earthquake of 1971        • “Quake-proofing kids”   Severe Flooding in 1972:        • Rapid City, S...
   The European Network for Traumatic Stress (TENTS)       • Funded by the European Union       • Provides services, expe...
   September 11, 2001        • Homeland Security Act   Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City   Violence in Schools: ...
   An ecosystemic crisis is any disruptive or destructive    event that occurs at a rate and magnitude beyond the    abil...
 Types   of Ecosystemic crises:    • Metastisizing Crises      • Start small but, if not contained both physically and   ...
 Microsystem Mesosystem     • Primary Mesosystem     • Super Mesosystem Exosystem Macrosystem Chronosystem     • The ...
   Systems must be interdisciplinary   The system must be multitheoretical   Individuals are part of the ecosystem   M...
   Parsimonious interventions are needed   The process is cooperative, collaborative, and    consultative   There is a ...
   National Crisis Response Teams        •   Development of Crisis Response Teams (CRTs)        •   National Organization...
   Vertically and Horizontally Integrated Local Emergency    Management Systems        •   Role of Local EMA Directors   ...
   Lack of efficient communication   Poor coordination plans   Ambiguous authority relationships   Who’s in charge? Ev...
   Psychological First Aid and Psychosocial Support as Applied    to Disaster Survivors        • Make initial contact in ...
   Debriefing        • An intervention designed to assist workers and survivors in dealing          with intense thoughts...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

17 disaster response

852

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
852
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
31
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

17 disaster response

  1. 1.  Chapter Seventeen
  2. 2.  Women’s movement in the 1960s and 1970s Community Mental Health Act, 1963 Disaster Relief Act, 1974 • Section 413 Federal Emergency Management Agency (1978) Classification of PTSD as a personality disorder in the DSM-III (1980) American Red Cross establishes a mental health certification program (1990s) • Hurricane Hugo • Loma Prieta earthquake
  3. 3.  San Fernando, CA, earthquake of 1971 • “Quake-proofing kids” Severe Flooding in 1972: • Rapid City, South Dakota • Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania • Operation Outreach • Logan County, West Virginia Hurricane Katrina, 2005 • FEMA
  4. 4.  The European Network for Traumatic Stress (TENTS) • Funded by the European Union • Provides services, expertise, and support to areas of the Union that lack resources and availability of trained personnel United Nations’ Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) • Published IASC Guidelines on Mental Health and Psychosocial Input Support in Emergency Situations
  5. 5.  September 11, 2001 • Homeland Security Act Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City Violence in Schools: • Columbine, CO • Virginia Tech University International Events: • Suicide bombs in Israel • Hostage situation in a Russian theatre and school • Drug related guerrilla warfare in Mexico Hyper-vigilance Repetitive and Graphic Media Coverage
  6. 6.  An ecosystemic crisis is any disruptive or destructive event that occurs at a rate and magnitude beyond the ability of the normal social process to control it. • Impacts an entire community, region, nation, or the entire world • Sudden • Slow buildup • Human-made • Natural disaster • One intense episode • Several compounding incidents
  7. 7.  Types of Ecosystemic crises: • Metastisizing Crises • Start small but, if not contained both physically and psychologically, can quickly turn into large-scale crises • Large-Scale Crises • At a minimum affect whole communities or regions either directly or vicariously • Mega-crises • Affect entire countries or the world, either directly or vicariously
  8. 8.  Microsystem Mesosystem • Primary Mesosystem • Super Mesosystem Exosystem Macrosystem Chronosystem • The Individual • The Society
  9. 9.  Systems must be interdisciplinary The system must be multitheoretical Individuals are part of the ecosystem Multiple contexts must be considered Time is of the essence Meaning is important
  10. 10.  Parsimonious interventions are needed The process is cooperative, collaborative, and consultative There is a full range of targeted interventions aimed at individuals, institutions, communities, and nationals The service characteristics of credibility, acceptability, accessibility, proactivity, continuance, and confidentiality should be adopted as “cast in stone” goals for service delivery in disaster-stricken areas
  11. 11.  National Crisis Response Teams • Development of Crisis Response Teams (CRTs) • National Organization for Victim Assistance (NOVA) CRTs • The Red Cross • Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) • National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Professional Organizations Constructing an Outreach Team
  12. 12.  Vertically and Horizontally Integrated Local Emergency Management Systems • Role of Local EMA Directors • Background and Training • What Do Emergency Managers Do? • Planning for Disasters Mental Health Components of Local EMAs • Personnel • Transdisaster (0–14 Days) • Postdisaster (15–365 Days)
  13. 13.  Lack of efficient communication Poor coordination plans Ambiguous authority relationships Who’s in charge? Everyone shifts the blame Counterterrorism versus all-hazards response Ambiguous training standards and lack of preparation Where is the “learning” in lessons learned? Performance assessment was not integrated into the process The geography of poverty Rumor and chaos Personal and community preparedness Disaster mental health and the role of mental health professionals
  14. 14.  Psychological First Aid and Psychosocial Support as Applied to Disaster Survivors • Make initial contact in a respectful manner • Gather and provide information regarding immediate physical and safety concerns • Provide and direct people in regard to practical assistance needed • Provide for their safety and comfort by linking them with social services • Teach them basic coping skills if requested • Get information and help that will connect them to social supports When More Than PFA Is Needed The Current State of Affairs
  15. 15.  Debriefing • An intervention designed to assist workers and survivors in dealing with intense thoughts, feelings, and reactions that occur after a traumatic event, and to decrease their impact and facilitate the recovery of normal people having normal reactions to abnormal events Debriefing Emergency Workers • Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD) • Informal Defusing • Formal Debriefing Debriefing Crisis Workers • The Need for Debriefing • Precautions • Dynamics of Debriefing • Confidentiality • Understanding
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×